Rus Articles Journal

We study heart: diagnostics warmly - vascular diseases of

Holterovsky monitoring, magnitno - a resonant tomography, an echocardiography... These unclear words can be heard on reception at the cardiologist or to read in the direction on inspection. In cardiology it is the most popular methods of diagnostics. Annually them there pass thousands of patients with diseases warmly - vascular system.

Elektrokardiografiya`s (electrocardiogram)

What is it?

a method Essence - in registration and graphic record of electric potentials (impulses) arising during warm reductions.

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As it is carried out?

can Remove the cardiogram not only in a hospital or policlinic, but also at home (most often it is done by the doctor of “ambulance“ for diagnosis of a myocardial infarction and various violations of a rhythm). Electric activity of heart “is read out“ by means of special electrodes. The cardiogram is written during of 5 - 10 minutes, and then is interpreted by the doctor or the computer program.

What can show?

allows to establish to

of an electrocardiogram a source (the so-called driver) of a warm rhythm, a regularity and heart rate. It gives the chance to see ischemic changes in a myocardium, increase in different departments of heart and to estimate the speed of carrying out impulses. These data are necessary for diagnostics of such dangerous state as arrhythmia.

of the Indication for carrying out an electrocardiogram:

Holterovsky monitoring

What is it?

Actually is version electrocardiogram which is written down within a day on portable registrar. All this time lives surveyed in the mode, habitual for itself and keeps the diary of supervision: strictly on hours notes kinds of activity and physical activities, all features of the health, and also time of administration of drugs and the accompanying complaints.

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As it is carried out?

the Radio-transmitting registrar, of the size of the cell phone, and sticky electrodes, fasten on a belt or a cross body strap. Data arrive on the computer equipped with the special program which is capable to reveal violations, fixing time of their emergence and the accompanying phenomena.

What can show?

Continuous record electrocardiogram allows to estimate work of heart more precisely:

of the Indication for carrying out monitoring:

Magnitno`s

- the resonant tomography (MRT)

What is it?

Is the high-precision method of diagnostics allowing to receive the detailed image of all sites of heart and vessels in various planes with use of three-dimensional reconstruction.

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As it is carried out?

Surveyed is located with

with strong on a table of the tomograph which slowly moves ahead along the scanner. At the same time on the screen there is a mobile image of heart as volume, and in the different planes. The tomograph fixes change of a magnetic field of fabrics and creates a series of images in several projections (static and mobile).

What can show?

of MRT - the image allows to obtain information on work of a myocardium, vessels, heart valves, and also to estimate a structural condition of all heart fabrics. By means of MRT measure blood-groove speed in heart and large vessels, estimate pump function of heart, change in heart cavities during reduction, blood supply of a myocardium and a condition of coronary vessels, and also reveal anatomic defects.

of the Indication for carrying out MRT:

  • the second stage of diagnosis of the coronary heart disease (CHD), stenocardia
  • of a hypertrophy of a myocardium, a cardiomyopathy, a perikardit etc.
  • suspicion on anomalies of ventricles, malformations, heart tumors
  • aorta aneurism, pulmonary hypertensia
  • specification of not clear results of the previous methods of research
  • an assessment of results of surgeries on heart and vessels.

the Echocardiography (the ECHO - KG)

What is it?

the Echocardiography is a studying of changes in work and structure of heart fabrics (a myocardium and the valvate device) by means of influence of ultrasonic waves and registration of the signals reflected from moving structures of heart.

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As it is carried out?

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the ECHO - the KG is carried out at simultaneous record electrocardiogram that allows to estimate more precisely changes in work of heart at the periods of reductions and relaxations.

Examination is conducted by

by means of the special ultrasonic sensor in the standard positions providing the best review of different departments of heart. In each position the device fixes the static and mobile image of the studied plane.

What can show?

the ECHO - the KG allows to estimate a condition of all tissues of heart and the valvate device. Helps to find liquid in pericardium cavities, intracavitary blood clots and to estimate changes in work of heart at physical activity. As relaxes as heart is reduced whether there are sites which are not reduced. As there is a blood stream. Whether there are congenital defects as far as they are expressed.

of the Indication for carrying out an echocardiography:

  • suspicion on pathology of valves, a pericardium and a myocardium;
  • noise in heart and identification of inflammatory processes;
  • diagnostics of cardiomyopathies, the congenital and acquired heart diseases;
  • specification of nature of violations of a rhythm of heart;
  • diagnostics at IBS - stenocardia, a myocardial infarction;
  • diagnostics at neurocirculator dystonia on kardialgichesky type;
  • the postponed severe forms of flu and quinsy;
  • suspicion on a heart tumor;
  • assessment of efficiency of surgeries;
  • an assessment of efficiency of the carried-out therapy at IBS, a hypertensive illness etc.