Rus Articles Journal

Peter Klas, “Still life with a turkey-cock“. As from what they ate and drank?

Peter Klas (1597 - 1661) is the Dutch artist, his addiction - the richest still lifes. How many he wrote them - it is precisely unknown, remained much. Thanks to his meticulousness it is possible to see details of life of wealthy people of that time today. by

“On this “banketik“ (a small banquet) represented not only impressive turkey-cock pie, but also some other dishes and drinks which are often represented in still lifes: a glass of wine, an oyster, the lemon half cleared, kulechek, curtailed from the book page and filled with pepper“ (from the text accompanying a picture on the website of the museum).

Amazing picture! Each subject - as a separate cloth! Incalculable quantity of details which do a fruit of imagination of the author by the document.

Before us the table covered with a white cloth. Rich table. Set of dishes, ware - all not ordinary. Carefully trimmed jug with a figured nose, an intricate cover and the twisted handle in which the cut roll, a plate with the cleared lemon and something else is reflected. On a porcelain Chinese plate (which could be made in Delft) large green olives lie, the glass stands white wine near. Before the viewer on a silver plate open pie on which crust - a massive silver spoon lies.

Pie - sweet, is powdered with icing sugar, the circle not a lemon, not orange, nearby some dark ball similar to plum lies inside. And right there dark lumps - something like raisin. All other weight reminds whaet groats (though with what cooks of that time filled such pies - it is unknown).

Closer to the viewer - the cut magnificent white roll, the lemon cleared and cut by circles, nutlets - walnut and voloshsky.

Is slightly more right - the food symphony begins to gain power: knife with the carved bone handle (on an edge - the autograph of the artist), a dish with oysters, a glass “íàóòèëóñ“, a plateau with spices (salt and pepper, pepper - in a paper kulechk). In a big Chinese dish - the grapes which are cut off from a bush together with escapes and leaves, apples. And top of culinary skill, a crown dish of a holiday table - turkey-cock pie on a cover - a crust (a turkey-cock - the effigy, was applied specially in such cases).

Is known of the author of this picture a little: was born in 1597 in Berkhem, the Netherlands, died in 1661 in Harlem. He was married, gave birth to the son Nicholas who became then the famous landscape writer. Wrote “banquets“, “everything passes still lifes with symbolics“ (candles, skulls, hours and other).

This still life nearly the most magnificent of its works. And the most magnificent thing in this picture - a cup “íàóòèëóñ“. From the bell-shaped basis the core upon which the sink of a mollusk is based rises up. Around a core - four wings (if them is possible to call so) rising to a sink bed. On wings - flowers. The bed is formed by four strips executed in the form of chains in which joints - flower sockets. The edge of a sink is framed with the gold feedwell which of made narrower ends the arch which is bending around a sink body rises. In an arch navershiya where one of chains comes, - the sphere, over it flutters a gold sail. On a sail there is still something, similar to a human figure, but it is not possible to make out it. Whether it is possible to drink from this vessel - possibly, it is possible.

Beautifully, you will tell nothing. And there is even a wish to lay such table of the house today. Only there is a question: and for whom the table in a picture was laid? A shot glass - one, a knife - one, a spoon - one. Someone all - visited at a table and regaled on sweet pie, having washed down it with a half of a glass of wine. Perhaps, reception prepared, and the child at the wrong time visited a table and not only broke a strict order, but also joined adulthood, having tasted wine. The doubtful version because oysters open almost at the time of consumption. Most likely, all this was drawn just because the picture lovely to the artist`s heart so turns out.

Unambiguously follows as as ate in those days: oysters ate with a lemon and washed down with white wine, ate the magnificent rolls and sweet pies strewed with icing sugar, ate the meat pies decorated with an effigy of a turkey-cock (and in especially solemn occasions - a peacock). What used: silver plates and spoons, porcelain dishes on which spread fruit... No doubt of it, very appetizingly and beautifully! Well, almost like today...