Rus Articles Journal

Maria - Antoinette - the victim Revolyutsii? Part 2

Maria - Antoinette who is brought up in severity of observance of moral standards and etiquette long time listened first to the stats - the lady - the countess de Noaille to whom “Madam Etiket“ nicknamed, and to the ambassador of Austria Mercy D`Arzhanto`s column to whom she very much trusted and listened to his councils. And who was the most important adviser dauphins.

the First three years of the marriage of a dauphin maintained the friendly relations with three unmarried sisters of the king - Adelaide, Victoria and Sofia who waged “war“ against a present favourite of the king - madam Dyubarri. Young a dauphin, brought up by the devout empress, refused to accept or communicate with the “vicious“ woman. First it even amused the king. Not each princess, and especially a dauphin, being at others yard, stood on the hind legs in relation to favourites. But gradually the situation began to be heated.

Madam Dyubarri even more often complained to the king, and that gave the wish to the count D`Arjanto that he persuaded to talk to a dauphin to its favourite. All yard stood waiting. What will occur? But is not present. The empress Maria - Tereziya wrote to the daughter the letter that that talked to Dyubarri. It, as a matter of fact, also happened. The crown princess was forced to follow a mother`s advice and addressed to Dyubarri the well-known seven words: “In Versailles today somehow there are too much people!“

Queen of France



Smallpox! Smallpox! The king Ludovic got sick, and doctors did not hope that he will already recover. At its age it was possible to expect any outcome. From the palace sent madam Dyubarri, and aunts, at last, were delighted. But their pleasure was saddened by death of the king. The people exulted. The century of board of favourites, big festivals and debauchery ended. The young king did not want to follow in the footsteps of the grandfather and began to save while the queen felt freedom. Not everyone could get to an environment of the young queen, and only the one who was able to entertain and make laugh the queen. The duchess de Poliniac, the aristocrat from a poor family became one of such ladies.

Iolanthe, as called the duchess, used the friendship with the queen as could. And during this friendship earned rather big salary, and members of her family received solid and highly paid positions at court. The princess Lambal was one more girlfriend of the queen, is a little more modest than Iolanthe, and the friendship began to decline soon. The queen was fashion-maker, the king even had to increase her contents, but also it was not enough, the queen broke the main ban of Versailles: gamblings. Trianon who presented to Antoinette the king became one more expensive gift. There it could be locked with “friends“, spit on rules and to be itself.

the Birth of children

Long time Antoinette`s marriage was not carried out by

. All know that the dauphin suffered from a fimoz. The yard waited for a happy event. But it did not occur. When the queen became pregnant, the yard waited for dauphin birth. Give birth Antoine to the first child and be he a boy, pamphleteers would become silent, gossips who slandered the girl would become silent. Rumors went that Antoinette sleeps with all, except the husband and that even she became pregnant not from him.

But the queen was betrayed to the spouse. As the emperor Joseph II, “… it too lazy told once to get the serious relations. A little flirtation - here of what it is capable …“. The queen gave birth on December 19, 1778 to the daughter who was called Maria Theresa Charlotte Frantsuzskaya. The queen was glad, and here the yard was adjusted very badly. “Avstriyachka“ as considered both court, and the people, will never be able to present to France of a dauphin.

Day of Great pleasure happened in Versailles on October 22, 1781 when the queen gave birth to the son who received a name Ludovic Joseph Xavier Francois who became a dauphin of France. The child was very painful and died at the age of seven and a half years of tuberculosis. Antoinette and Ludovic`s grief knew no limit. Couple had one more son who was born on March 27, 1785 and received a name Ludovic Carl (Louis - Charles). After Louis XVI`s execution in January, 1793 it was recognized as the French monarchists, and also all European powers and the USA as the king of France Louis XVII. In spite of the fact that under this name it also became history, actually never reigned. There is an official version in which it is said that Louis XVII died in Tample on June 8, 1795. The boy was ten years old. Doctors who carried out opening established a dauphin cause of death: tuberculosis.

Also couple had also a little daughter, the princess Sofia Helena Beatrisa Frantsuzscaya who was born on July 9, 1786 and who died eleven months later, on June 19, 1787. House called it madam Sofia.

As you can see, Maria - Antoinette was unhappy. Marriage with the king was rather weak, only the oldest daughter, Maria - Tereziya drove out of all children. And when revolution began, the queen lost both the husband, and girlfriends: the princess Lambal was killed and, having got on “peak“ her head in a wig and jewelry, hung up on the square opposite to the room where there lived the queen that she saw that also her friends began to pay off.

My purpose - not to tell about revolution, about what created Konvet you can read it and if you were interested in my article. I only wanted to tell about the woman who was not loved for the short life which was hated by own people. Her fault was that it was too thoughtless, did not penetrate into problems, and was engaged in Trianon`s device, education of the children and charity. Here what she wanted - to be the wife and mother. But also it was taken away from it.

When on October 16 at 4 o`clock in the morning unanimously accepted sentence to a capital punishment which read it the executioner Charles Henri Sanson was read tonsured bare the queen and put on it fetters the hands which are taken away for a back. The former queen in a white shirt, with a black tape on wrists, with the scarf thrown over shoulders in lilac shoes got into the executioner`s vehicle.

At 12 hours 15 minutes p.m. Maria - Antoinette was beheaded at the present Place de la Concorde. In 1815 its remains are transferred in Seong - Denis. The exact place of burial in a cathedral is unknown.