Rus Articles Journal

What is Curonian Spit interesting by?

are A lot of amazing and fantastic places on our planet. One of them - Curonian Spit separating the Kurshky gulf from the Baltic Sea. In 2000 it is entered in the list of the World heritage of UNESCO.

Curonian Spit stretches from the resort of Zelenogradsk of the Kaliningrad region to the Lithuanian city of Klaipeda. Its extent of 98 km, width fluctuates from 400 m to 3,8 km. The name of a braid comes from the name of the ancient tribe kurshy which lived before arrival in the middle of the 13th century of knights of the Teutonic award here.

Till 1945 inhabitants of Curonian Spit, a kurseniyeka, spoke on a kurshsky adverb. Upon termination of World War II they were moved to Germany. Now some tens people own a kurshsky adverb.

Curonian Spit - the peninsula. It began to be formed 8 thousand years ago: a sea current, encountering islands, it was slowed down and left sand on shallows. The narrow sandy body was as a result formed.

At the beginning of the second millennium of our era the braid was covered with oaks, lindens, coniferous trees and other vegetation. At the time of managing of Teutonic knights on the spit perfect order was kept. But when the award fell into decay, deforestation began that led to destruction of the vegetation fixing sand.

Sand under the influence of winds began to move, fill up the whole settlements and roads. They so promptly came that in many houses did doors of two halves that it was possible to leave the house through the top part of a door in the morning.

To the middle of the 19th century on the spit the real desert was formed, then the Prussian authorities started gardening. A large number of pines was landed, and by the beginning of World War I approach of sand stopped. Then began to construct avandyuna: from the sea of a dune united wattled obstacles, wind made up for sand in emptiness and thus the long protective shaft turned out.

Now Curonian Spit represents a combination of various landscapes: from desert to tundra. The most interesting element of a landscape is the strip of sandy dunes, their width fluctuates from 0,3 to 1 km, height reaches 68 meters.

The dune represents the sandy hill which is formed under the influence of winds. The lee side of dunes more abrupt is also subject to fall. Dunes differ from barkhans in more powerful edges which become covered by vegetation and are fixed, the central part continues the movement therefore the dune is bent in the direction of wind. At barkhans regional parts less powerful move under the influence of wind also quicker. Speed of the movement of dunes can reach up to 20 meters a year.

Today 72% of the territory of a braid are under the woods in which about 600 species of plants grow and there live about 300 types of representatives of fauna. From land vertebrata elks, boars, roes, foxes, hares, badgers, caress and others are found. On the spit the birch, an alder, a pine grows. The mountain Alpine pine is most widespread. She well got accustomed here and formed impassable thickets: low trees strong seized sand, strengthening it, intertwined among themselves. To the person not to pass here, and for animals and birds these places became a real paradise.

On the spit one of first-ever and the oldest in Europe ornithological station acts in the settlement Fishing. A braid often call “the bird`s bridge“. Annually in the spring and in the fall over a braid about 20 million birds fly by. Many of them stop for rest and feeding. About hundred species of birds nest.

On the Kursk spit in 1982 shot a feature film “Treasure island“, in 2007 - a TV series “A fear bay“.

The national park is founded on the Lithuanian part of the spit in 1991. On the Russian half the national park “Kurshky braid“ and settlements is located: the settlement of Lesnoy, Fishing and Sea which together form the rural settlement with the population slightly more than one and a half thousand people.

In park six walking routes are equipped: The royal pine forest, ornithological station “Fringilla“, Muller`s height Dancing the wood, Eph`s height, the lake the Swan.

The most interesting and mysterious place on the spit - the dancing wood. If the secret of movement of sand is solved long ago and with a mathematical accuracy is described, then a secret of the dancing trees is still not revealed. Just as in children`s game: “The sea worries time, the sea worries two, the sea worries three - all figures on the place stand“.

In the sixties last century on the spit the pinery for the purpose of fixing of sand was put. The part of trees in it fancifully is bent and twists, forming trunks of a loop, a ring, fantastic figures. The species of strange trees often causes sensation of fear in visitors.

What force forces them to be twisted, it is still unknown. Surprisingly the fact that around the dancing pines absolutely normal trees grow. The impression is made that on that patch of pine forest there is some abnormal zone. Scientists assume that in this place two power streams twist.

According to other version consider that trees began to be bent from - for chemicals which were applied by Germans during finding here of glider school.

Also assumed that one of species of the butterflies laying eggs in young kidneys was the reason of abnormal development of pines. The caterpillars which hatched from eggs ate young branches, weaker lateral branches which under the influence of winds twisted as a result began to grow.

The dancing wood is already shrouded in myths. Speak if to creep in the ring formed by a trunk, the person will get rid of all diseases. This belief came from antiquity: prussa believed that the rings formed by trunks of pines open communication with spirits and if to creep through them, it is possible to clear a body and soul. The Supreme priest of pruss a symbol of the power had a staff - krivulya, made of a trunk of a curved tree.

It is possible to trust or not to trust in various assumptions, but it is worth visiting Curonian Spit and to be convinced with own eyes of mystery and beauty of these places.