How many there lives a bee?Flew somehow in the evening to the room on light a great number of pretty such butterflies, they at us a poplar moth are nicknamed, or a something ephemeral as there is approximately so much time they and lived. We bandied this subject, and one my knowing acquaintance set a problem: “Here we about some moths talk, and know how many the bee lives?“ I had no answer, it also educated me.
of the Bee - insects public, and in their society duties are strictly distributed. And this real kingdom where a role of the queen is played by a uterus, an aristocracy role - drones, and the vast majority is workers, working bees.
They begin to work, having hardly been born. Whether much you can call living beings who for the second day of life begin to work? The first that they are entrusted with it cleaning of premises, they clean cells though just left them. There pass 2 - 3 more days, their glands begin to develop a uterine milk, and here they become nurses and bring up to a detv, so larvae bee are called. In free time do not do nothing, in combination they are housewives - clean, wash, clean, in a nest there has to be a purity and an order, it is necessary to maintain the required temperature and humidity. But they have also a serious occupation - care of a uterus. The queen is surrounded by young “maids of honour“ who feed her with a uterine milk, clean hairs on a paunch, wash, generally, care for her wellbeing and safety. “Maids of honour“ develop a uterine milk even in the winter.
There passes one more week, and the youth rises by the following step of a career ladder, they become builders. It is promoted by emergence in them of the functioning voskovydelitelny glands. In the beginning they are accepted to repair of old cells, and then construction qualification increases, and they build new honeycombs. The same bees accept at bees - collectors of bribes, process it, stamp in a sota which is sealed. Well, and absolutely already as entertainment throw out waste from a beehive and are engaged in its protection, being “on guard duty“ at a letka.
So there passes one more week, and here when to a bee it is executed days twenty, in her life there comes abrupt turn - she becomes the collector of any bee yum-yum. Constantly looks for, collects and brings nectar and flower pollen in a beehive. And so she is fond of this business that she any does not pay attention to all other household chores. Even during a rain this bee in a secluded corner sits, to itself something quietly buzzes under a nose and to anybody does not pay attention.
Well, and now tell me how many it is possible to live in such mad speed? Correctly, a few weeks more at most. Now let`s summarize. How many there weeks - that all turned out, five? Here also it turns out that average life expectancy of a working bee makes 35 days, well at bad rainy summer, maybe, it is sensitive to be gathered more, somewhere till 40 - 45 days, but it is already a limit. Certainly, it does not concern to those bees who, having been born in the fall, remain to winter in a beehive. They can and live up to 3 - 4 months. However, and to the enemy you will not wish such life in a beehive in cold time.
Not only that from November till end of March they without budging from a place are in a beehive, so yet almost nothing is eaten and to maintain temperature, get off in a sphere, place the queen in the center - a uterus which continues to be taken care. The external cover of a sphere is made by not moving bees who densely nestled to each other, their task - not to allow leakage of heat which is developed by active bees inside. From time to time bees are interchanged the position. External, frozen, get inside to work yes at the same time to get warm, and get out to their place warmed and tired. Here so they also live those excess months, occasionally eating the food cooked in good time.
If and there lives the working class in a beehive so much, then it is interesting, how with it at its aristocracy? First of all we will deal with drones and we will begin with the fact that we will try to understand who it and why they are necessary to bee community. Earlier I always knew only that drones do nothing, and all serve them that even became a common noun. It turned out that it and so, and not absolutely so.
Drones - the same bees, only larger, they time in one and a half are longer than working bees, it is 2,5 times heavier than them and begin to be removed at the end of spring, at the same time separate individuals live no more, than working bees. Generally, drones are in a beehive in the summer of the whole three months and are engaged in nothing, only eat in the pleasure and grow fat. But they find a shelter and a forage in any bee family, these are her full-fledged members, in a beehive is brought them on several thousands.
Why such huge load of working bees is necessary? You represent, to support such abyss of parasites? At a drone one task in life, but it is so important that bees are ready to do anything if only their family, their swarm continued the existence. Drones are a bee, but a masculine gender - the tribe, and a task before them it is only one worth - inseminating a uterus. In order that it turned out, the drone possesses fine sight, it has 8 thousand a fasetok while at bees no more than 5 thousand. It helps it on the fly from height of meters in 30 to notice a uterus. What the drone aspires to, costs him life as after fertilization of a uterus he dies.
For the third day after the birth the young uterus takes off from a beehive for survey of the place where there lives the beehive, and for 6 - 7 day goes to marriage flight. The calm sunny weather with a temperature not lower than 25 degrees is for this purpose necessary. Usually the departure occurs from 12 to 17 o`clock. The queen bee flies away on long distances from a beehive, to 12 - 16 km, process of pairing happens at the height about 10 m. Pairing happens to several drones serially then the uterus comes back to a beehive and more never leaves it. In 3 - 5 days she begins to lay eggs and it will do for the rest of the life.
Why so many drones are necessary at this moment, are clear: what more drones accompany a uterus, that a high probability with that it will be impregnated. And here why she continues to lay trutnevy eggs until the end of very long, to bee measures, life in more than five years - and remained to me not clear.