Rus Articles Journal

Bylinas are a myth or reality?

In Russia epic heroes of the soldiers dressed in a heavy armor called athletes. Modern researchers on them watch as at an embodiment of various natural phenomena occurring for example during winter For example a frost of “Studenets“. Carrying the senior athletes to the pre-Christian period attempt to present epic athletes analog of some pagan gods becomes giving them similar properties.

Representing for example Svyatogor, in an image of a huge cloud, or the sky tightened by thunderclouds, and Mikula Selyaninovich was personified with an agricultural deity. In other place it is called an embodiment of a heavenly thunder, and his magic mare for whom it is impossible to overtake represents herself a thunderous cloud. He reminds Peruna or the Scandinavian god the Torah who is a patron of farmers too.

Svyatoslavovich (Volkh Vseslavich) the name it designated the Volg the magician, and Vseslavich points a middle name to the famous prince - the werewolf Vseslav Polotsky. Myths about Volge are considered Old Slavic, he is a werewolf - the sorcerer. In Russia “magical subjects“ where the special group selected narrations about werewolves, mermaids, water and other representatives of small deities still enjoy special popularity.

Danube Ivanovich represents personification of the Danube River (Don) as it proves constantly accompanying it in the bylina “silent“. This river was not terrestrial, and heavenly, it was in general a receptacle of water, clouds therefore the athlete, as a matter of fact, a mythical being, personification of a cloud. We can see similar personification at the ancient people of Siberia where the mountain, water, a tree or fire everyone has the consciousness.

For example, the beauty Angara which escaped from gray-haired Baikal to the young athlete to Yenisei. And which turned into the rivers during the pursuit of them organized by old Baikal. This is the young athlete Onon which fell in love with the beauty Ingoda, and all Siberian rivers are presented in myths by young beautiful maidens. It is gray-haired and old Lena with the numerous daughters and grandsons which like “the snow queen“ attracts all on the North to the country of ices and frosts.

One of the last matchmakers Hoten Bludovich. The name not absolutely pleasant, but corresponds to ancient idea of the passions and defects expressing the “natural“ principles on which it is possible to dump deeds adultery: “Bludovich confused“ he is guilty of everything, and we are people dark, - not competent“. And so and to the self-confident visiting good fellow Churile Plenkovich chopped off a daredevil for passion and love, and also seduction of foreign seigniorial wife.

The bylina “Dobrynya and Danube - Matchmakers“ narrates about how Dobrynya and Danube married off the prince Vladimir to Apraksiya of the daughter of the “politovsky“ king who was threatened with punishment, being offended having been refused. Demonstration of strength of representatives of the grand duke promotes performance of the duties assigned to them and receiving a consent when the prince Vladimir marries the koroleviyena Apraksiya.

Against a related ratio of family of athletes when the senior generation of athletes is expressed by matchmakers (parents), is still younger generation (children) who athletes are not yet. At the heart of the it is young people who are called “hero“ and there is an assumption that these people enter a circle of related communication as husbands of daughters - zyatevya. Sometimes semantic filling of the word is visible when reading from right to left, and reading the word “hero“ from a reverse side it is possible to see the word “son-in-law“.

So in the known powerful Trinity Dobrynya Nikitich could be related to matchmakers, and the most young Alyosha Popovic to act as the son-in-law according to the characteristics cunning, impudent and malicious a navetchik of female honor. In chronicles Alyosha Popovic the representative of the Rostov athletes, Dobrynya Nikitich bogatyt Novgorod, and Ilya Muromets represents the Kiev environment of the prince Vladimir.

According to many researchers, younger athletes it is really living people who are marked out in chronicles. Alyosha Popovic, was killed on the Kalka River in battle with Mongols. Gavrilo Alexits, Vasily Buslayev representatives of the Novgorod bylinas. Memory of the Saint Reverend Ilya Muromts is celebrated annually on December 19 and on September 28 and in 2 - yu Week of the Lent together with the Cathedral of venerable otets of Kiyevo - Pechersky.

On the Internet there is information that in 1988 the Interdepartmental commission of the Ministry of Health of USSR carried out expertize of relics of Saint Ilya Muromts. Results of researches defined age - 40 - 55 years, such defects of a backbone which allow to speak about transferring by our hero to youth of paralysis of extremities are revealed. Ilya Muromts`s death is dated approximately - the 11-12th century and is established that the extensive wound in heart became a cause of death.

Military reforms of Ivan the Terrible and creation of the streletsky regiments armed with firearms replaced a spear and a club with modern types of weapon an arquebuse and a pole-axe (berdysh), and a sword and the axe on an easy saber, (a sword, a rapier). The heavy arms of athletes and knights became not necessary. Feats of athletes and knights remained in bylinas and ballads. The rank of knights from the titled environment of the king gained new quality.

Here it should be noted, the fact that the analog between concepts of the athlete and knight is looked through in their way of life and activity. On time the knights are created till that period about which narrate the Russian bylinas and here it is necessary to see communication not only religious, but also military motives of the European culture when athletes become monks. And we are forced to admit the fact that monasteries were created first of all in the form of fortresses for protection of the state.

And here we see the same picture where in knightly fortresses there live soldiers monks knights, and in the Russian monasteries there live soldiers monks athletes without creating at the same time separate “powerful“ awards. The word the monastery at the return reading by a method of ofeny, speaks about belonging to knightly terminology.