Why Jesuits were expelled from Russia?Technical progress made heavy arms of athletes and knights irrelevant, the heavy sword was replaced with an easy saber, and by onions and arrows firearms. The rank of knights from the titled environment of the king gained new quality and the modern knights allow females in the ranks and mean the way of the highest order helping transformation of the ordinary person, without horse, in the person spiritual, operating the horse, i.e. the knight reaches perfection through mastering the body and spirit.
To Russia the knights came to times of Peter I who entered a title of the baron for the highest Baltic nobility of the German origin. Together with knights also the freemasonry came. They say that at Peter I representatives of an award of Jesuits were expelled out of borders of the state. Catherine II, allowed activity of Jesuits to “the most artful of all other Latin awards“ under supervision of local authorities. In 1773 the father Kliment XIV officially abolished an award of Jesuits, but in 1801. “Jesus`s societies“ in Russia it was restored.
Secret activity of “the most artful of awards“ led to its privileged position, and then and to exile when after Paul I`s death his successor Alexander I, sent all Jesuits and forever closed for them borders of the state. It was preceded by assistance of Jesuits in election of the emperor Paul I as the grand master of the Order of Malta provided that under the authority of the tsar there will be secular affairs of an award, and under the authority of the father - spiritual.
It must be assumed that expelled Jesuits for the same reasons which led to death of the emperor Paul I who under the influence of “Jesus`s Society“ intended to unite orthodox church and Catholic, having created the union for fight against atheism. As Pavel connected the dignity of the tsar and the grand master of the Order of Malta in the person he believed that he will be able to make it. But even the tsar could not unite the contradictory directions of Christianity, and the union caused Paul I`s death when other reason of his murder was thought up.
The 18th century in Russia was a century of mass arrival of foreigners of members of secret beds and societies. Jesuits were expelled, but there were Maltese though Alexander I also put from himself a rank of the grand master of the Order of Malta. There were representatives of mystical (spiritual) awards who called themselves knights Rosicrucians, Templars and other occult doctrines
Researchers of the Russian freemasonry noted that from the very beginning of emergence of a freemasonry in Russia it had communication with the German beds. From the middle of the 18th century in Germany there is an Award of a gold and pink cross (Rosicrucians) which, according to researchers had no relation even to the movement operating under the same name in the 17th century.
In 1761 Rosicrucians appeared in Prague, in 1773 in the Top Puddles and Silesia, in 1775 in Vienna. For Northern Germany and Russia Berlin became the center. The Russian office supervised Prussian leaders of the Award. Besides the prince N. N. Trubetskoy in the Russian office there were many other famous representatives of noble surnames. Activity of Rosicrucians in Russia continued until the end of 20 - x years of the 20th century.
The knightly estate created in Russia by Paul I, similar European (having a raincoat and a sword) which became the Russian noblemen representatives of the Order of Malta of gospitalyer and which from the moment of crusades (1096 - 1291) lived up to now and exists to this day.
And now possibly descendants of the Maltese knights can consider themselves as the Maltese gentlemen on the ground that on January 4, 1797. the convention on creation Great Priorstva Rossiyskogo was signed and ten patrimonial Komandorstv, especially for that part of the Russian nobility who professed Catholicism in the Russian Empire are founded. The right to appoint family komandorstvo is only the Emperor`s prerogative.
Emergence Great Priorstva Rossiyskogo Catholic and the desire to enter the Award of a large number of faces of non Catholics led the Emperor to idea of creation of another Priorstva in which it would be possible to accept the Russians given not Catholic religion. So in 1798 the independent Priory of knights of non Catholics and One man`s guess is as good as another`s what noble surnames were presented there was created.
Paul I Velikim`s election as the Master was recognized by the Great priorstvo of France, Venice, Naples, Kapui, Pisa, Barleta and Messina, Portugal, Lombardy, Germany, Bavaria and Bohemia which visited in 1799. St. Petersburg. Great priorstvo of Rome, Spain, Catalonia, Navarre, Aragon and Castile refused recognition. So Russia kept one more knightly award for Europe, having created the Russian orthodox priorstvo and 98 komandorstvo.
The most notable Russian noblemen (Naryshkin, Yusupova, Dolgorukova, Trubetskoy, Buturlina, etc.) with the permission of the Emperor began to establish patrimonial komandorstvo. For this purpose was to have three thousand rubles of the annual income from own manors enough and to deduct every year from it ten percent in medal treasury. The founder and his successors acquired the right to wear a komandorsky cross and the Maltese uniform.
The only possibility of inheritance - at an origin on the man`s line from the founder Komandorstva and existence of an officer rank on military service. By tradition the knight has to know policy strokes of warfare and be able to order group.
To the XX century in the world existed a little pseudo-awards of the medieval knightly komandorstvo created allegedly by heir-at-laws. It is possible to carry to them also modern secret societies of Templars and knights of “a cross and a rose“. It is necessary to recognize technology of meditation of Rosicrucians as one of the strongest, but to consider that the award inherits traditions from the founder Rozenkreyts it is impossible.
As I think it is impossible to consider also as knights of members of the modern awards which lost initial appointment.