What did the German city of Hameln become famous for?the Ancient German cities are similar one to another and fascinate at first sight - their well-groomed fakhverkovy lodges cast thoughts of scenery to fairy tales of brothers Grimm. Not all from them reached up to now: bombings during World War II destroyed a set from them. Nevertheless Low Saxon Hameln completely kept the charm - its historic center practically did not suffer though the next Hanover was literally wiped out. cannot Tell
about Hamelna without his history, it so shakes that it is inseparable from the city.
Each of us in the childhood heard a chilling story about the Rat catcher who by means of a pipe took away all children from the city. This legend exists in different variations in folklore of many people. But only for the German city of Hamelna it is not a legend, but a historic fact about which not only year, but also month and day when it occurred are precisely known.
It is worth beginning with a city arrangement: it costs on Weser River thresholds. Exactly here many centuries were constructed ago the first water-mills which became a basis of welfare of the city. Peasants from neighboring estates brought grain on a grinding; since 13th century Hameln becomes the richest city. Still houses on which facades inscriptions in old German about a year of construction flaunt remained - some of them are dated the 14-15th centuries! However, today their first floors are given for McDonald`s and clothing stores.
So, the classical version of a legend which glorified Hameln is as follows: the city which concentrated in itself(himself) large reserves of grain, rats attacked. The authorities did not know how they were afraid to fight against it - aggressive rodents even cats. Somehow the person who was presented by the Rat catcher came to the city and offered for a solid payment of lime of rats. Byurgomeyster agreed, the rat catcher played on a pipe, took away all rats for city boundaries and drowned them in the river. But cunning fathers of the city decided not to pay it. The rat catcher left as wise as before.
But on June 26, 1284 it returned again - in other, bright and unusual clothes. He played on a pipe again, and this time took away all children, except two cripples - mute and lame. And adults stiffened and could not move until the Rat catcher came over the bridge to other side of the river and disappeared with children on the mountain Klyut (which towers over the city also now and offers beautiful views of vicinities). Surprisingly, but other legend says that approximately at the same time in Transylvania (now Romania) there was a group of children who spoke in German and did not remember who are they and from where.
Scientists found an explanation for this strange legend in tradition of children`s crusades which was popular just in the 13th century. These spontaneous meetings of children arose in France in the beginning, and then were thrown to Germany. Children`s crusades were not approved by church: during a way most of children perished and campaigns were, as a rule, initiated by swindlers who then sold children in slavery - in particular, did by chimney sweeps (only children could get through in a pipe). Probably, echoes of these events also poured out in a legend about the Rat catcher.
Anyway, today in Hamelna everything reminds of this history: the official name of the city - Rattenf ä ngerstadt Hameln (City of the Rat catcher). Mechanical figures on Hochzeitshaus facade (the building on a central square built in 1671) several times a day play this drama scene accompanied with a melody from which on skin goosebumps run. On the central city street there is a beautiful bronze monument to the Rat catcher. All key buildings are called in honor of the Rat catcher - modern myuzik - the hall of Rattenf ä ngerhalle, or medieval Rattenf ä ngerhaus where found during repair a beam with an inscription about a legend with exact instructions of missing - 130 children. The stone blocks is decorated by the images of rats cast in bronze, and the bridge through the river - a beautiful gold sculpture of a rodent. Annually in June the big holiday with representation is spent: hamelnsky school students consider as honor to take part in it, having played in it at first children, and then rats.
As earlier supplies from neighboring villages, today regularly gather buses with the tourists who are eager to touch a legend in Hameln, and their money flow to the city. The rat catcher not only took away rats, but also rendered to the city invaluable service for ages forward. Even Michael Jackson gave a concert not in the big neighboring cities in due time, namely in 40 - thousand (at that time) to Hamelna: it appears, mother told it in the childhood this story, and he very much wanted to look with own eyes at the legendary city.
Interesting fact: it appears, in Hamelna there was a drugstore which till 1841 belonged to the inventor of morphine Friedrich Wilhelm Sertuerner (who went crazy and died in 58 years, most likely, of abuse of own invention). The drugstore was in Hochzeitshaus - just in that building where now there takes place fascinating doll representation. The symbol of relentless draft which became a pipe of the Rat catcher has something in common with a force of dependence on the first alkaloid emitted in the chemical way.