Queen and trumpeter of the world of lianas. Who are they?the Romantic wistaria - a symbol of purity, tenderness, fragility, and courageous kampsis - a symbol of love and devotion, represent a delightful duet of beautifully blossoming lianas.
the Homeland of a wistaria Japan and China is considered, the wistaria in the south of the USA acclimatized ran wild, in the woods of some provinces of China meets in a wild-growing look. This subtropical treelike liana belongs to family Bean. Its name comes from the Greek word “sweet“, other her name - a visteriya, from Latin wisteria.
In one of the Chinese legends it is told about emergence of a wistaria: the angry dragon swallowed the long-haired girl, from it his body became stiff in the form of the bent liana trunk, only wonderful braids of the girl came to life every year and became covered by brushes of fragrant white flowers.
In Japan the wistaria is one of the most favourite plants. Practically over all country it is possible to meet this remarkable liana. In the spring and in the summer during its blossoming the fragrant hanging-down inflorescences of white, pink, lilac, purple or violet flowers decorate parks, squares, streets and court yard.
In Japan this liana is called as well as the main Japanese mountain - Fuji. The blossoming falling inflorescences remind the streaming waves therefore Japanese call it also fudzina - waves of Fuji.
In Japan in the second half of the seventeenth century Kameido`s temple is founded, at the same time in a garden of the temple began to land wistarias. Still there grow up these wonderful plants.
The best place in the world for an admiring the blossoming wistaria the Japanese park of flowers Ashikaga is considered. Several thousands of copies of a wistaria grow in park, some of them passed in hundred years. For them special frameworks - arbors are built. The eighty-meter avenue - a tunnel of a belotsvetushchy wistaria has invariable success in this park. Japanese call this Dorogoy Schastya Avenue.
In gardening two types of a wistaria are popular: wistaria pyshnotsvetny and wistaria Chinese. They are very similar, but one of characteristic differences - stalks of the Chinese wistaria are twisted around a support counterclockwise, and pyshnotsvetny - clockwise. Both lianas maintain short-term frosts to twenty degrees, pyshnotsvetny it is considered more frost-resistant.
The wistaria loves a friable fertile soil without lime. During vegetation plentiful watering is necessary for it. Since spring feed up full mineral fertilizer, then nitrogen should be excluded. The wistaria loves top dressing, it needs 2 - 3 times more fertilizers, than to other plants.
To receive more magnificent blossoming, it is necessary to carry out the correct cutting: at the end of May to cut off last year`s escapes, having left no more than 30 cm, in August - to truncate a gain of the current year on 4 - 5 kidneys, in the early spring the last year`s gain is shortened on 2 - 3 kidneys.
Without shelter the wistaria winters in the Crimea, Zakarpatye, in the Caucasus. In more northern regions of a liana it is necessary to remove from support and to cover. Make multiple copies a wistaria seeds, layers, but the plants which are grown up from seeds blossom only for the tenth year. Wistarias seldom are ill, only caterpillars which eat leaves and young escapes attack.
For midlatitudes of the zoned grades does not exist. But it does not stop gardeners, for example, in the University botanical garden the wistaria grows in Kiev and plentifully blossoms.
Kampsis, or a tekoma, the trumpeter on a roof, a virginsky jasmine - a drevesneyushchy listopadny liana from Bignoniyev` family. It is most widespread in gardening kampsis taking roots, its homeland is North America.
This liana is quite unpretentious: grows on any soils, can do without watering and podkormok, is practically not ill. By means of air roots - suckers kampsis quickly gets on any height, during the season can give a nine-meter gain. For these properties in the people he is called still an orange aggressor.
Flower growers appreciate kampsis excellent blossoming: effective, large, to 10 cm in the diameter, orange or yellow, scarlet, coral hand bells steadily draw attention of admirers of a green kingdom.
Breeds kampsis easily: seeds, layers, shanks. From a shank the plant blossoms for 2 - 3, from seeds - for 6 - 7. The most beautiful kampsis - krupnotsvetkovy, or Chinese, but it is less frost-resistant. More hardy - kampsis taking roots which meets in gardens of flower growers more often. Perfectly look on a shtamba, on support of any form, also they can be used as a pochvopokrovny plant.
If climatic conditions of your district allow to grow up these excellent lianas, help them to meet. There will pass some time, and they will tell you such history of the love.
... In ancient times one aged king married the young girl by the name of the Wistaria. Except unusual beauty, the Wistaria possessed surprising ability: every spring on her hair fragrant brushes of white flowers were dismissed.
The king carefully hid this miracle from the citizens. But once in the spring the court musician Kampsis, passing by windows of a bedchamber of the young queen, caught wonderful aroma, and after it saw the falling cascade of white brushes of some unknown plant.
The young man brought a pipe which never left to lips, and the gentle melody poured down. It merged with the fragrance proceeding from a window and from it became even finer and more gentle.
The queen, having heard a fine melody, did not keep and looked out of a window. There was what was foreordained by destiny: young people fell in love with each other. Having learned about it, the angered sovereign ground the wife in an unapproachable tower of the country lock, and expelled the musician from the yard.
Kampsis did not abandon darling. He lodged on the suburb of the city not far from the lock. Every morning began with a wonderful melody, every day it became more silent and more mysterious. Also day when instead of the musician there was a creeping plant on which the scarlet flowers reminding tiny pipes - hand bells revealed came. Tens of hand bells flaring on the sun executed the anthem of love heard only to the prisoner of a tower.
Soon the plant reached lock walls, got over through them and spread up a tower to the beloved`s window. And towards to it the fine liana went down. The fragrant falls of its gentle, white inflorescences sought to embrace darling.
And two loving souls met, and on the earth there were new plants which people called a wistaria and kampsis.