How Canada received the name? To Learnfrom where there were names of these or those countries, the cities and other settlements, always interestingly and causes desire to rummage in the history. For example, all of us know that America was called in honor of the Florentine traveler Amerigo Vespucci. And by whom it is opened and why this very interesting word called Canada?
the Modern name of the country, most likely, came from the word “kanata“ that in translation from language of residents of the tribe of lavrentiysky mohawks “village“ or “settlement“ means.
At the beginning of the 16th century. The Breton seafarer Jacques Cartier took out the patent for travel to the New World from the French king Francis I wishing to fill up the state treasury. Under Cartier`s command the French king gave a flotilla from three perfectly armed ships: “Big Ernina“, “Small Ermina“ and “Ermilyona“. The having vast experience of ocean swimmings (it was its second expedition) the French researcher safely led the ships to East Asia. That is even decades later after Christopher Columbus`s opening seamen of Western Europe had no enough exact data that the way to Asia lies through the American continent.
Having surveyed coast of Newfoundland (the island at North - east coast of North America), expedition established that it is not part of the continent, but the big island. Then Cartier`s flotilla moved on Hugo - the East and studied the sea gulf and the big island, having called by its island Saint Ioann. Then, having found the mouth of the river abounding in water and having overcome dangerous shallows, the flotilla rose by several hundreds of miles up its current to the big Indian village.
Summer of 1534. Jacques Cartier met lavrentiysky mohawks - the first American Indians who have him and remained on wintering. During accommodation by the seafarer the reference book with information on religion and customs of the tribe was made. The good attitude of the French researcher to Indians allowed his expedition to avoid armed conflicts. He received data on gold deposits and diamonds in the depth of the country. By means of Indians it was succeeded to receive also samples of diamonds.
Spring of 1535 locals of the tribe specified to the French researcher how to pass to “kanata“ (today the city of Quebec is at this place), having directed it to the Indian village of Stadakona. Then the French seafarer became used the word “Canada“ at the description not only a small small village, but also for designation of all territory which was subordinate the leader of this tribe, including the village Oshlaga. Soon this name began to be used for designation of much more considerable territory. In 1547 on the first world map all territory to the north of Saint Lavrenti`s river was called Canada. Also river of Cartier called the river of Canada - “rivi è re du Canada“, this name was used before the beginning of the 17th century.
After Cartier`s expedition the lavrentiysky tribe completely disappeared - as showed modern archeological excavations, most likely, as a result of wars from gurona and the southern mohawks.
At the beginning of the 17th century Canada began to call all French colonies, including today`s American Midwest and territories to the modern State of Louisiana in the south. The first use “Canada“ as the official name came in 1791 when the Province of Quebec was divided into colonies of the Top and Lower Canada. Soon, in 1841, there was an association of Canada under one name - the province Canada. And in 1867. the new country undertook the name “Canada“ according to section 3 of the Constitutional act of 1867
Thus, the interesting word “kanata“ pronounced by residents of the tribe of lavrentiysky mohawks in a distant XVI century and designating the name of the village of Stadakona became the name of the country.