What children`s toys existed in the ancient time?the Child since the earliest years begins to learn the world. It is very important that it occurred in an entertaining form. It is difficult to overestimate a role of toys. It is possible to call them peculiar visual aids - they help to comprehend surrounding reality, to develop thinking and to receive certain skills.
People understood it in an extreme antiquity. History of children`s toys contains many millennia that is confirmed by finds of archeologists.
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life of the small child without rattle. Most likely, she was the most ancient toy. And looked a time very exotically. Sometimes it represented a disk with the jingles attached to it. It was stirred up, holding for the handle. Also figures of animals met a hollow trunk in which stones were put. The rattle served not only a children`s entertainment - it was perceived as a charm. According to beliefs, its noise frightened off powers of darkness.
Many toys were made of a tree. It is not the strongest material therefore products from it a little reached up to now. Much better hand-made articles from clay, metal, a bone remained. However frescos and drawings on antique vases give a quite good idea of people and objects of their life, including toys. On an Ancient Greek vessel from the Hermitage the image of the children`s vehicle with a body remained. Adults could roll in it the child.
Toy vehicles were found also at excavation on the place of the Indsky civilization. Clay birdies - penny whistles became other interesting finds in those places. The top familiar to all existed in Japan and China two thousand years ago. The products created in Ancient Egypt, and also in Greece and Rome became direct prototypes of many modern toys. Unique samples were found during excavation of the city of Pompeii.
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toys of Ancient Egypt. The earliest of remained treat the middle of the third millennium B.C. Among them there are even mechanical figures. The crocodile and a tiger could open a mouth and clatter threateningly with teeth. It was reached due to use of the simple wire mechanism. Such products could not only amuse the child, but also remind him of care - in those regions of a meeting with predators were not a rarity.
The toy “Mesilshchik of the test“ is very remarkable. It represented the little man inclined over a board. It was set in motion by means of a thread. It is enough to pull for it that the little man began to move up - down - as though indeed to work on the test. Mesilshchik, most likely, was a slave. In it there is nothing surprising - toys of the ancient world were reflection of the era.
Dolls arose long ago. Very first intended not for an entertainment at all, and had ritual character. There passed a lot of time before the figures representing people fell into children`s hands. But even then dolls did not lose the cult value. In Greece and Rome girls played them till a marriage. Before a wedding of a doll belonged to the temple.
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In toys of Ancient Greece a horse figure. As a rule, it was very generalized, however the main lines of appearance of an animal were transferred rather precisely. Quite often figures of horses and riders were molded from clay. Here it is possible to draw a parallel with the Russian toys - such images are present at products of national crafts.
Animals could be not only real, but also mythical. In Greece there was a toy “Trojan Horse“ - it smart Odysseus suggested to construct. Adults could tell children what is represented by an entertaining figure, and those then to play heard. Too quite good opportunity for acquaintance to history of the native land.
Toys were mentioned by antique thinkers more than once. Aristotle recognized their importance in education. Platon emphasized what toys is on what inquisitive children`s mind can test itself. Each child really seeks to learn something interesting and to master new skills. Purpose of toys - to help children to develop harmoniously. It is actual both for antiquity, and for our time.