What for an animal such - babr? Baikalo - Irkutsk sketches ofWas hot July day. The sun stuck to a firmament a fiery sphere. We went along Irkutsk streets, admiring beautiful buildings, order and purity. The eye was pleasing to the repaired ancient mansions. Suddenly the spot of sunlight got to me into an eye. Started it shining as well scrubbed soldier`s buckle, a claw of the unknown enormous bronze animal standing on one of streets.
“Babr“, - informed curious an inscription on a pedestal. It was no mistake when instead of a letter “O“ jumped out “And“. It was obviously the enormous wild animal in whose mouth the sable caught by it was seen. It to become, teeth, a grin and claws confirmed predatory nature, and only yes hinder webby legs it, appear, incidentally exchanged a tail with a beaver.
- It does not happen, - escaped at me.
- Still as happens, - someone`s voice was distributed behind the back, - you look at a municipal coat of arms and at once will understand everything.
Advancing events, I will report that on arrival in hotel I got into the Internet and here that found out.
The distance in the dictionary gives such characteristic to a babr: “the Siberian animal equaling on a lyutost and force to a lion … he occasionally appears in Southern Siberia …“ here in the “Description of the Irkutsk namestnichestvo of 1792“ published in 1988 is stated to
A so: “Babr is across the Irkutsk region from all in Siberia animals less often and surpasses by the fortress and bravery. It has on is white - yellowish wool the blackish cross strips which are incorrectly located, does not surpass by growth a big wolf … The leopard though is similar to a babr, but is not so powerful and has yellowish wool and on it black spots“.
So, babr once existed within Cis-Baikal and Transbaikalia. But on - Yakut babr is a Siberian tiger. Means, earlier tigers lodged in much bigger territory, than now when they remained only in Primorsk and Khabarovsk edges. Most likely, during that time when Yakuts inhabited Cis-Baikal, they the first saw in a taiga of this animal. Gradually Yakuts were displaced on the North, and babr in this region disappeared.
Siberia so was famous for fur animals that in the coat of arms of the Siberian kingdom there were even two sables holding a crown in paws. Here and the figure of a babr since 1642 appeared on the press of the Yakut customs, with the inscription “Babr Will Withdraw a Sable (Babr Caught a Sable)“. On February 18, 1690 the residence of the Siberian voivode was transferred to Irkutsk, and this figure removed to the press of the center of the new voivodeship. Irkutsk was large for those times “torgovo - the trade center“, inhabited its more than nine thousand people.
The senatorial decree of 1724 recommended to all cities to have the coats of arms. The new Irkutsk namestnichestvo took the press of the city of Irkutsk as a basis, “trade and the notable income on the Chinese border well-known“.
Catherine II approved on October 26, 1790 the coat of arms of Irkutsk with the following description: “In the silver field of a board the sable (this coat of arms of old) running babr, and a company at it“. Old called the coats of arms of those cities where there were already city seals.
Fur animals are available also in the coats of arms of other Russian cities, would be, probably, surprising if they were not there, the country was famous for the furs. So in the coat of arms of the Ufa province of 1878 the marten is placed, in the coat of arms It is top - Uralsk - an ermine, Turukhansk - a polar fox, and Barguzinsk - protein. It is obvious that in those areas many skins of those animals were got that got on the image of the coat of arms. But here - that a sable in teeth of a tiger, here absolutely other symbolics.
How business happened further? Some coats of arms long do not live, life goes on, the cities develop, sometimes it is necessary to update the old coats of arms. On July 5, 1878 also such time of revision of the coats of arms of provinces and some cities came. The updated coats of arms were approved by Alexander II. But for a start descriptions of the specified coats of arms came to Sankt - the St. Petersburg heraldry. The Irkutsk coat of arms was left without essential changes, and in its description and the word “babr“ appeared. The official in heraldry, having decided that it is a slip, corrected “and“ on “about“ then the following turned out: “The beaver bearing in teeth of a sable“. The emperor approved this coat of arms, without having noticed nonsense that was not surprising as this day to it for the signature put 46 descriptions of various coats of arms, that is more than a half of the coats of arms of all provinces existing at that time.
Artists - miniatyurshchik did not begin to draw in the beaver coat of arms, instead they the tiger who is there are a little “obobrila“, having added the big tail reminding beaver and having replaced usual hinder tiger legs with webby. The turned-out animal can be considered as “a heraldic beaver“ conditionally. The error in the description of the coat of arms was corrected only in 1997, that is in 119 years, but the figure of a babr was decided to be left without changes, specially you will not think up similar.
Besides, on October 5, 2012 on crossing of streets of Sedov, Lenina and 3 - go July established that figure with which we also began this story. Now it is one of sights of Irkutsk. There were already traditions which led to what claws of an animal gave a mirror-like polish. As explained to us that everything were executed, even the most unusual dreams, it is necessary to rub in turn all claws of a babr, since the left paw from the most left claw moving in the right side further, and then on the right paw from the most right claw. The left paw is responsible for private life of the person and his family, and right - for education and work.
Similar monuments - wishmasters we met worldwide much, and all of them were perfectly polished. Such impression that people consider: it is necessary to rub properly - and everything at you will become remarkable. Here also rub very much, applying the mass of efforts.
It is curious that in the description of the city coat of arms of 2011 is specified: black color in which it is painted babr symbolizes “humility, prudence and modesty“, and red (color of a sable) - “bravery, courage and fearlessness“. Here also it turned out that modest black babr holds in teeth of a brave red sable.