Alexey Nikolaevich Sysin. What did the outstanding Soviet hygienist become famous for? V. I. Lenin at the VII All-Russian congress of Councils toldB to 1919: “Or louses will win against socialism, or socialism will win against louses!“ The problem of fight against epidemics was one of the most burning, the most topical. The public health and anti-epidemic service of the Country of Councils should solve problems of huge importance.
Alexey Nikolaevich Sysin stood At the origins of this service. He the first headed sanitarno - epidemiological department Narkomzdrava RSFSR, participated in drawing up the first decrees directed against epidemics: “About fight against a typhus“, “About an obligatory ospoprivivaniye“, “About fight against malaria“.
A. N. Sysin by right is considered one of organizers and outstanding representatives of the Soviet hygienic science. He was born in Nizhny Novgorod. In 1897 arrived on medical faculty of the Moscow university; here joined the movement of the advanced student`s youth protesting against reaction and social injustice. In student`s years in groups of Pirogovsky society he fought against hunger, epidemics of cholera, scarlet fever and other infectious diseases. For participation in student`s disorders and in activity sotsiat - the democratic organization several times was exposed to arrests and exiles. In 1902 after year imprisonment it was sent to Yakutia where it stayed three years. After amnesty A. N. Sysin came back to Moscow and in 1908 graduated from the university.
It worked as the health officer in the Saratov, Ekaterinoslavsky, Vologda and Nizhny Novgorod provinces, and since 1913 - in Moscow. And everywhere before the young doctor the picture of the terrifying sanitary backwardness of the country opened. A. N. Sysin sharply criticized the public relations generating need and diseases of the working people, called the medical public for active fight for improvement of living conditions of workers. A. N. Sysin`s performances at Pirogovsky congresses of doctors and other professional meetings differed in topical character and political sharpness.
After a victory of October A. N. Sysin directed all the efforts, knowledge, experience to construction of socialist health care. The basic principles of the organization of sanitary matter in the Country of Councils were stated to them in the report at the I All-Russian congress of health officers, bacteriologists and epidemiologists in 1918. All these principles are realized: the system of establishments sanitarno - epidemiological service (Sysin called them “establishments of sanitary improvement of the inhabited places“), which on places control observance of the sanitary legislation actively works in the country.
A. N. Sysin understood that the sanitary legislation has to be based on strictly scientific basis. With its active participation in 1919 the State institute of national health care was created. Subsequently from it several independent institutes, including Central scientifically - research institute of municipal sanitation and hygiene Narkomzdrava RSFSR renamed in 1944 into Institute of the general and municipal hygiene of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences were allocated. Alexey Nikolaevich stretch directed this institute since 1932 to the most death (1956). In acknowledgement of huge merits of the scientist in development of the Soviet hygiene his name was appropriated to institute. The author more than 250 scientific works, A. N. Sysin enriched with the works domestic hygienic science and sanitary practice.
Leading direction of the Soviet general and municipal hygiene A. N. Sysin considered studying of influence on a human body of various factors of the environment surrounding it, development on this basis of hygienic requirements, definition of the standards providing optimum working conditions and life of the Soviet people. This direction gained further rapid development and grew in qualitatively new branch of the Soviet hygienic science - hygiene of environment. Its task - to create the scientific base of rational quality management of environment for the benefit of present and future generations.
Alexey Nikolaevich closely coordinated scientific researches to requirements of a national economy of the country. During the post-war period, for example, it paid much attention to development of housing hygiene, planning and reconstruction of such large cities as Magnitogorsk, Izhevsk, Tula, Nizhny Tagil.
The Soviet government highly appreciated activity of the academician of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences, the honored worker of science of RSFSR, professor of A. N. Sysin, having awarded him with the Orders of Lenin, the Labour Red Banner and medals.