Tamarisk - the tamer of sand. What is it interesting by?Tamarisk - a unique plant: in the naked desert will please a look with the unusually colourful look, will rescue from the coming sand, will feed with a god-send, will cure of many illnesses and in economy will fit.
Tamarisk, or a divine tree, a bisernik, the Astrakhan lilac, a grebenshchik, treats Tamariskov` family. The Latin name Tamarix received a plant from the name of the river Tamariz flowing in the Pyrenees.
Grebenshchik - the low tree or a bush, differs in endurance, is undemanding to the soil and is salt-resistant, transfers frosts to minus seventeen degrees, and some types - to minus of fifty. In a wild-growing look meets in the desert, semidesertic, steppe regions of Europe, in Asia and Africa.
Leaflets at a tamarisk small, only 1 - 7 mm, are similar to dense scales. There are evergreen and listopadny types.
The plant very attractively and originally looks in the period of a butonization: such impression that it everything is covered with beads. Looks also during blossoming not less beautifully: the light openwork bush is entirely covered with makhonky white, pink, lilac florets.
During a summer heat in the afternoon at many types on branches small kristallik of salt are allocated, in the evening salt absorbs moisture and then all plant becomes damp.
In the summer bark of some types of tamarisk becomes covered with sweet juice which is emitted by the shchitovka living on it. For a long time this syrup was eaten. When drying juice turns into white grain. By means of wind it can be transferred to considerable distances. The bible legend of a god-send contacts this grain. On the Sinai Peninsula inhabitants collect “heavenly gift“ from wild-growing tamarisk also today.
Tamarisk - the real tamer of sand. Having appeared under a thick layer of sand, it does not perish: branches quickly form roots and the plant is restored. Roots at it long as lianas, they creep away on tens of meters and get deep into, thus, stop the movement of sand.
This plant is used in gardening as decorative, from its thickets the excellent green hedge turns out, it is widely used in sandy zones for soil fixing. China applies to the device of a vetrozagraditelny green wall.
Tamariski are appreciated by beekeepers, they are a fine forage for bees in droughty zones, and tamariskovy honey is tasty and useful.
Make openwork furniture, graceful hand-made articles of wood, from a rod spin baskets and even fishing tackles.
In traditional medicine tamarisk it is used as diuretic, styptic, soothing, a sudorific. Flowers infusion is applied at inflammatory diseases zheludochno - an intestinal path, from leaves and bark - at a diarrhea and diseases of a spleen. Branches are made as tea.
There are practically no contraindications on its application. Only the individual intolerance is possible. It is not recommended to apply during pregnancy and a lactation.
Under natural conditions tamarisk well extend birds, they transfer seeds to long distances.
In a midland the most suitable for landing is tamarisk branchy, or five-staminate. Rubr`s grades are good - he has a bright magnificent blossoming, and plentifully blossoming Pink Kaskad.
The place for the new pet needs to be chosen surely light, solar, well blown by winds. Heavy soils should be facilitated sheet humus and sand, - to izvestkovat the sour soil.
It is possible to make multiple copies seeds, green and odrevesnevshy shanks. At a seed way it is necessary to remember that seeds lose viability in 1 - 4 month.
Having invited this surprising plant in the garden, you will not be disappointed: its unusual look steadily draws attention, the short-haired rod can be used for small wattled hand-made articles, and also to try exotic drink from its branches.