Three components of Leninism: demagogy, lie and violence?In the works V. I. Lenin, criticizing views of populists concerning “a special way“ of Russia where capitalism allegedly did not take roots, proved that Marx`s concept is fair also for Russia: Russia does not turn from the general highway of development and followed a way of capitalist development.
After similar conclusions it was expected i that he had to tell the party: if Russia followed a capitalist way of development, so it is necessary to give the chance to get stronger and ripen to all public, political and social structures (parliament, culture, labor unions and so on) - as it already occurred in the western countries. However events developed absolutely differently.
If after February revolution Bolsheviks, including Provisional government the government of revolutionary Russia, stood on positions of constructive criticism of this government, then in April, 1917. when V. I. Lenin arrived to Petrograd, he threw two slogans: “Any support to Provisional government!“, “Long live socialist revolution!“. In more detail he will state the program in April theses.
April theses caused disagreements among Bolsheviks, other critics of Lenin called his theses nonsense. Nevertheless Lenin did not give up and after heated debate at the sixth All-Russian (April) conference of RSDRP(b) April theses got support of most of delegates from places and formed the basis of policy of all party. April theses included 10 points. They begin with sharp criticism of war and Provisional government. Then Lenin passes to the requirement of “elimination“ of police and army, and also to a radical agrarian reform (“nationalization of all lands in the country“) and transfer of all power to Councils ….
At the State Meeting in August, 1917 most of its participants from the general Kaledin to the anarchist of Kropotkin suggested to proclaim Russia the republic. The provisional government listened to opinion of the famous revolutionary and on September 1, 1917 proclaimed Russia the republic, considering that this step will provide the world in the country and will eliminate its slipping in horror of Civil war. It is known that first who opposed the young Russian republic were not counter-revolutionaries - monarchists, and Ilyich`s guardsmen - Bolshevik party.
For cover of seizure of power it was created under control to Voyenno`s Bolsheviks - revolutionary committee (VRK) for protection of Petrograd against counter-revolutionaries. All this was deliberate lie. VRK was created to overthrow Provisional government and to seize power. It is this committee and made in October, 1917. Formally VRK acted on behalf of Councils, and Lenin received the power from hands of the II congress of Councils. Therefore it also began to be called Soviet.
But already on November 4 (on old style) Lenin assumed the right to issue decrees without thinking about Councils which he quickly turned into passive bodies of approval of will of the Communist Party. When in the spring of 1918 on elections to Councils Mensheviks and the right Social Revolutionaries won 19 of 30 provincial cities, it hasty dispersed these Councils. Even earlier, to block work of village councils which were under control of the left Social Revolutionaries who were a part of the government of SNK Lenin created in the village parallel structure of the power - committees of the poor. Committees of the poor of a dolzhnybyla, according to Lenin to help peasants to form communism. So, less than in half a year after October revolution, full falsity of the slogan “All Power to Councils!“ came to light.
It should be noted that in October, 1917 Lenin came to the power, uvorovav at Social Revolutionaries their agrarian program which became a decree basis about the earth.
Lenin stole “Regulations on elections to the Constituent Assembly“ which the Provisional government developed during preparation for elections from Provisional government - it was necessary to develop technology of elections in the territory of the huge country.
At the First All-Russian Congress of Councils of Country Deputies the agrarian party program of Bolsheviks did not collect also 10 votes. The vast majority of delegates supported the agrarian party program of Social Revolutionaries. Lenin instantly rejects the agrarian program, adopts the agrarian program of Social Revolutionaries and in the truncated option includes it in the famous decree about the earth. He perfectly understands that without support of peasants in the country country it is impossible to seize power. Therefore it is necessary to promise as much as possible. Promises possess one feature - they can be not carried out. He also made it: the eserovsky “Decree about the earth“ was replaced with “The basic law about socialization of the earth“ in February, 1918
Though Lenin was an opponent of the parliamentary republic, he could not ignore the fact that the idea of convocation of the Constituent assembly was very popular in the people. At the II Congress of Councils it not only promises to call the Constituent assembly, but also to obey his ox. When it became known that Bolsheviks lost elections to the Constituent assembly, it became clear - to give the power to the Constituent assembly which refuses to submit to Bolsheviks, it was impossible … for
the Peace made in Brest in 1918, not promised world “without annexations and contributions“. For the sake of preservation of the power Lenin went to the union with the German bourgeoisie and deprived of sense of the victim, suffered by Russia in three years of war. Having made the peace with opponents of Russia, Lenin launched Civil war then to declare: “Russia is conquered by Bolsheviks“.
… Plekhanov was one of the main opponents of Lenin. Long before October, 1917 Plekhanov, estimating Lenin`s activity, noted that the Lenin principles of “democratic centralism“ are “Bonapartism policy, policy of the loop tightened on a neck of party“. In the article “Now Silence Is Impossible“ Plekhanov, criticizing Lenin, remembers lines from Nekrasov`s verses: “Had a reputation for the clever man and in a mustache to itself did not blow, / Admirers in it saw the Messiah. / Got on a ministerial chair / And - naglupit to all Russia!“
Plekhanov`s Prophecy came true. Lenin from a tribune of the XI congress recognized that after October, 1917 many nonsenses were allowed. However he right there, from a tribune of party congress, hurried to warn hated to it Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries that those refrained from criticism. Addressing them, Lenin told: “Allow to put you for it to a wall. Or you work to refrain from the statement of your views, or if you wish to state the political views at the present provision, then, sorry, we will handle as the worst and most harmful elements of a belogvardeyshchina“. Threatened even with machine guns …