From history of engines. How the railroad became a narrow link of socialist industrialization?the XIV congress of All-Union Communist Party (bolsheviks) which was Taking place from December 18 to December 31, 1925 on which from all Union 1306 delegates gathered in Moscow became history as “industrialization congress“ as on it is mute was the task of transformation of the country from agrarian in industrial is set. But to set the task and to start its realization - different, generally, things, excellent from each other not only on the semantic component, but also on time. were accepted by
of “The directive on drawing up the first five-year development plan for a national economy of the USSR“ two years later, already at the XV congress. And they, five-year plans or as we got used to speak - five-years periods, became time during this period the main organizational mechanism by means of which socialist industrialization was carried out.
Progress of the first five-years period which early performance it was declared at the end of 1932 were impressive. In four years and three months production of cars in the USSR increased almost in 30 (!) time (2988%), metalworking machines - almost in 10 (985%), the electric power - by 2,7 times. But despite this undoubted progress, by the beginning 30 - x years also the narrow links in national economy which were slowing down the begun progress forward and calling into question performance of the main objective which was on the agenda then - problems of industrialization came to light. The railway transport became one of such “lagging behind“.
The series E engine was the main cargo main locomotive for that period of time. Amazing car! With the whole complex of positive characteristics which were demanded at restoration of a national economy of the country after civil war. They in days of the Great Patriotic War allowed it to become that locomotive which, in the majority, formed the well-known columns of a special reserve of Narkomat of means of communication and on whose shoulders practically all freight of military transportations laid down.
But it was designed by the famous Russian designer of engines Vaclav Lopushinsky in … 1909. Of course, for last years a lot of things changed. And the tasks set by the first five-years period for railroad workers led to the fact that technical characteristics of the engine of a series E (power, commercial speed) ceased to satisfy them. The country was in great need in more powerful and high-speed locomotive capable to cope with considerably the increased goods turnover.
The problem rested against the fact that the Soviet parovozostroitel did not do cars of a podobnogoklass. Moreover, they even had no corresponding know-how. Therefore the decision to buy such locomotives abroad was made. Already on October 11, 1930 from the USA to Leningrad profits of 10 such cars. On 5 engines of the American locomotive company of the That series with a wheel formula 1 - 5 - 2 and plant Boldvin of a series of Tb, a bit different type - 1 - 5 - 1.
But even the small period of their operation made it clear that “Americans“ - not a way out. They were very heavy. And it, in turn, led to destruction of the top structure of a railway track. And still the money spent for their acquisition was not wasted. These, American, engines showed the direction in which it is necessary to move. But already.