The child is in danger. How to give first aid?
are Very frequent when life of the child goes not for hours, and for only a few minutes, his rescue will depend only on those who at the moment are nearby. How to distinguish danger and what needs to be done in life-endangering situations?
the Blow current
In order that occurred blow, it is necessary that the child joined in a network. On the place of an entrance and exit of current certain burns are formed. If the kid thrust into the socket one finger, as a rule, nothing happens. If current passes through the head and heart - it is the most dangerous.
Blow consequences current: cardiac arrest, blood circulations, violation of breath and work of nervous system, faint, spasms, burns.
What to do: to eliminate action of a factor of current (to drag from a wire something isolating - for example, a dry wooden stick), but it is impossible to endanger itself at all, otherwise the child and you will already rescue there is nobody. From - for a spasm of muscles which occurs after influence by current the child already himself cannot be unhooked from a wire, it should be helped.
The electric trauma is very artful. Its consequences can be shown within 12 - 24 hours. If the jolt of electricity passed through heart, then violations in its work can and begin not at once. The most dangerous period after an electric trauma are the first days. Current, passing on vessels and nerves, can cause their gap. Therefore if hit the child with current and there are no visible reasons for concern, it seems, parents are simply obliged to bring it to hospital for further supervision and inspection.
Should distinguish drowning true and false. At true - the child really choked with water. At false there is a closing of a glottis and asthma and a hypoxia develops, but there is no water in lungs. It occurs from - for a spasm of sheaves.
When carrying out resuscitation actions when the child begins to breathe and does not cough - it will only confirm that the drowning was false.
Consequences which can arise after drowning: hypostasis of lungs, pneumonia.
What to do: to wrap up bandage or any pure fabric a forefinger and to clean slime, sand and silt from the victim`s mouth. Further, if the child small, he has to be lifted for legs and to clap accurately on a back to relieve lungs of the water which arrived inside.
If the child big, it needs to be put on a knee so that the head hanged down down, and several times to press on a back. It will clear lungs of water. Carrying out an artificial respiration will be the following action. This resuscitation action should be carried out before arrival of the ambulance or before the child recovers consciousness. It is necessary to watch that during this period the emetic reflex did not begin, otherwise emetic masses can get into airways and cause repeated asthma.
the HeatstrokeIs very important
that children did not overheat and were in well aired and ventilated rooms. The heatstroke at small children often occurs from - for the fact that their thermal control is not so perfect as at the adult.
What occurs after a heatstroke: vessels extend, pressure owing to what blood is cast from the head to legs decreases (there is it from - for attraction forces). The child begins to faint, fight after that in spasms, to cry (if it is yet not heavy degree).
What to do: first of all it is necessary to cool the child in any ways. The wet wrapping is the most effective. Let`s the child drink something cold. Also it is necessary to put something cool as the brain in such situation suffers first of all to the head.
of PoisoningWhat cannot get poisoned with
: mercury, homeopathic medicines if they only not on alcohol, differently it is possible to get alcoholic intoxication.
The most dangerous substances: detergents, naftizin, mushrooms (the clinic develops from 30 minutes to 7-10 days), hypotensive and febrifugal preparations.
The most artful of the provided list is naftizin (and other preparations on the basis of imidazoline: sanorin, galazolin, rinazin, naphazoline). For the newborn child the dose in 4 - 6 drops is deadly . It possesses very fast absorbability and after it was absorbed by an organism, it is already actually impossible to bring him.
Poisoning naftiziny has two stages: the first when the child is excited, pupils are expanded, perhaps, the shiver appears. It means that medicine was soaked up. And the second stage comes somewhere in half an hour after application of a preparation when the child faded, does not react to anything, pressure fell to a limit. The child at this stage had a nervous breakdown. The only correct decision which parents can accept, go quickly to hospital.
What to do at various food poisonings: for a start it is necessary to try to stop absorption of poison in an organism. It is possible to make it, having caused an emetic reflex in the senior children, kids in this case should allow to drink as much as possible waters, and then to cause vomiting. Better if water is added some salt. At most for small children - two mugs of water (or 10 ml on 1 kilogram of weight). If more water is drunk, there can be water intoxication of an organism that will cause other problems. After these actions it is necessary to apply a sorbent. It should be noted that in this case absorbent carbon will be not the best option for the child. It is far more expedient to apply more modern preparations (Atoksil, Enterosgel, etc.) .
It is not necessary to cause vomiting in the child if poisoning occurred means of household chemicals not to cause a repeated burn of a gullet. In such situation it is better to allow to drink clear water that in a stomach to reduce concentration of toxic agents. And immediately to call ďAmbulanceď!