Rus Articles Journal

Where to spend days off? In the museum! The composer Victor Kuprevich has a part 2

a piano miniature with the mysterious name of “Fontana Tsvinger“. Sounds transferred the continuous movement of streams, an unremitting dialect of the flowing water, but the riddle of the word “Tsvinger“ does not reveal... Fontana Tsvinger`s

A history of fountains has German “roots“ this time. In medieval Germany princes in everything copied “the king - the sun“, constructed Versailles. The tribute to the French fashion was combined with scientific interests, such as secondary discovery of porcelain by masters of Saxony. Therefore - that appointment of Tsvinger changed.

First Tsvinger whose name is connected with fortress (literally - the place between two shaft), constructed in Dresden at the beginning of the 18th century, was a greenhouse, and later became the Royal complex of the natural-science museums. That period when Tsvinger existed as the vacation spot in east style is interesting to us. And to be surprised then was to what, in the northern area of Germany where a citrus really did not grow ripe, the garden reminding an illustration to fairy tales about Aladdin blossomed every spring. Trees with orange and yellow fruits, odorous laurel leaves landed in tubs and in a warm season were taken out directly to the yard.

Later, along with a greenhouse, the porcelain lock of Augustus Silny and “water theater“ called the Swimming bath of nymphs was built. The walking court, getting to the remote corners of a garden as though accidentally could meet ancient deities, fauns, nymphs, tritons and sea monsters, and on balustrades to see children`s figures and vases with the flowers.

Tsvinger destroyed in 1945 by the American aircraft in 60 - x was restored years. Up to now here the Japanese palace remained and the biggest meeting of porcelain in the world is exposed.

the Russian round dances

did not lag behind the West and Russia. The Gatchina grange, or the country hunting house, was a generous gift of Catherine II to the favourite, fan of “a red fun“, to the count Orlov. Subsequently rather modest idea efforts of architects and builders became magnificent dvortsovo - park ensemble.

The nature with its picturesque relief, spring lakes, with small rivers and canals allowed to create unique landscape park in this place. Loved a country ancestral lands and constantly there lived Paul I, at him before the palace the parade-ground for military parades, regular gardens, park pavilions, stone gate and bridges appeared.

Later the emperor Alexander III elected Gatchina the residence both for many years the reconstructed and updated palace remained the most favourite, native and warm house for all members of an imperial family.

Now everyone as, however, it was also in the past can examine the palace. The guide, telling about life of an imperial family, will surely emphasize that members of an imperial surname and servants occupied some rooms on the first floor. On the third floor ceremonial interiors remained in inviolability. Museum attributes - pictures, jewelry from gold and silver, pieces of furniture, suits, a sculpture, draperies - are supplemented with a picturesque view from the window. It is a little imagination - it is also possible to be transferred easily to the 19th century, having presented as on a clearing of the girl drive round dances, sing and play, showing to important, idyllic pictures of national life are more often foreign, to guests.

Interactivity: entertainment, rest, training

the new “museum“ tendencies which Came from the last century showed to

the solvency and in a century present. Several decades and in Russia, and in the West successfully there is a new type of the museum - interactive. The main idea is simple: we refuse a habitual monologue of the guide and passive survey of an exposition, and we involve people in active interaction with exhibits.

The author of these lines happened to be influenced by “novelty“ for the first time in the Gatchina museum. For an exit tsareven to a swimming bath directly from the palace builders dug quite long tunnel. Having appeared in a cool of the mysterious twilight and timidly going on a stone floor, we at the request of the guide chorus cried out in invisible depth: “Who here the right - and - silt?“ And become silent and finally intrigued heard a faint echo and guessed the answer: “The Pa - and - avet!“

in this case can be forgotten About museum silence and boredom. Several hours and for the certain visitor, and for tourist group pass quickly. All will be fond: both school students, and students, and families - grandmothers - grandfathers, fathers - mothers with children.

In one case interactivity is reached thanks to hardware. Such museums are in the large cities of Russia, abroad.

For example, Victoria and Albert`s museum in England. The department of the British art allows to receive all information on a portrait or a landscape simple pressing of the button. Directly in the hall of the museum it is possible to collect a fancy ancient frame from magnetics, to dress a doll in ancient suits, to make an antiquarian chair, at the same time according to descriptions having dealt with differences in “baroque“ and “rococo“ styles. The person interested to make extracts of ancient English manuscripts employees of the museum will suggest to sit down on folding chairs and will supply with paper and a pencil.

Other case - ours. Regional, natural, eco-friendly. in Russia it is a lot of museums of wooden architecture, here their incomplete list: in Kostroma, in the territory of Ipatiev Monastery, “The forest fortress“ near Moscow, “Hokhlovka“ in Perm Krai, in the Ural settlement Lower Sinyachikh, in the territory of the estate of landowners Lvov in the Tver region, the Novgorod museum of Vitoslavitsa, “The Kostroma settlement“, “Small Korela“ near Arkhangelsk, the Tomsk museum of wooden architecture and, the most known, the memorial estate on the island of Kizhi.

Monuments of wooden architecture in Russia - the phenomenon unique, not having analogs in the world. Championship in quantity of structures at the museum “Small Korela“: on 140 hectares 120 monuments of wooden architecture settle down, and on attendance ahead there is Suzdal - 250 000 tourists a year.