Yazidi - the people from the remote past (part 2) of
Yazidi - the people from the remote past,
the people which kept the roots.
(my specified research of the most ancient people) of
“Ancient history of people of the world is much more difficult, than we think“
“When cease to believe in Gods, they cease to believe in us“ to
550 of dne - Elam is subordinated to Persia
539 dne - Babylon is captured by Persians. At the time of government Akhemenidov to Entre Rios of the main language remained Aramaic language (it was even recognized as a state language of Persia). to
330 of dne - Alexander of Macedon subordinated Babylon, the end of the Persian power.
323 of dne - Macedon`s death, the partition of the power of Macedon.
of 321 - 276 dne - fight of diadokh, emergence of the Hellenistic states. At the beginning of
Antipatr - in Macedonia and Greece, Antigonus - in Phrygia, Paphlagonia, Lycia,
Ptolomey - in Egypt, Selevk - in Babylon, Lisimakh - in Thrace, Ionia, Evmen - in
of Paphlagonia, Cappadocia, Odoakr - Bactria.
312 of dne - battle between Ptolomey and Antigonus`s Demetry / son/, Ptolomey`s victory,
Selevk received Babylon.
of 312 - 280 dne - board Selevka1, formation of the power Selevkidov. During an era of existence of the state Selevkidov in the territory between the Iranian Plateau and the Caspian Sea there was the state Atropaten`s Mussel. Gradually data on midiyets as the people vanish in historical sources. This state even more often began to be called just Atropateny and in this state there are data on the new people - kurtiya which later began to call Kurds.
311 of dne - Antigonu1 is subject almost all M. Aziya, Syria and Sowing. Mesopotamia.
311 of. dne - Selevk took Babylon / took away from Antigona1/
310 of dne - is formed state - in Armenia Great
310 of dne - Selevk took the Mussel, Iran, Susa
301 dne - after Antigonus`s defeat / from Selevk and Cassandra/, Antigonus is killed. Selevk received Syria, sowing. Entre Rios and vost. part M. of Asia. Lisimakh -. p. M. of Asia. to
of 274 - 271 dne - Selevkiya lost war Ptolomeyam, lost Kelesiriya, the South. M. Aziya.
at the time of Hellenism (the power of Alekvandr Macedon and his successors) the main language of the people of Entre Rios remained Aramaic language though the authorities strenuously spread Greek).
250 of dne - Revolt in Parfiya, formation of Parthia.
190 of dne - fight at Magnesia Selevkidov with Rome, defeat Selevkidov. M. Aziya
is released from Selevkidov, mountains of the Tauri became the western border, M. Aziya is transferred to
to Pergamum and Rhodes.
of 189 - 160. dne - the tsar of Armenia Great, declared independence from Selevkidov
150 dne - Parfiya`s strengthening, capture of Mitridatom1/171 - 137 / the Mussel and Mesopotamia. Antropaten`s
got under Parfiya`s power too. Completion of creation of the Parthian power. the Long power of Persians (and parthians) over a territoiya of northern Entre Rios led
to emergence of the new people - Kurds. Kurds spoke for the western dialect of Persian. In my opinion language of Kurds was initially similar to language of midiyets. Disappearance of such large people as midiyets and emergence of such people as Kurds not incidentally. Generally it were mountain inhabitants, went in for cattle breeding. For this reason up to Modern times under a name of “Kurds“ united the Iranian nationalities which are widely settled in Mountains Zagros mountains, the Top Mesopotamia and on the Armenian Highlands talking in diverse languages / dialects. In my opinion all people of Northern Entre Rios began to use kurdky language (except for Armenia) and the people of Mountains Zagros mountains, even to the elamitena (suzistanets) began to use this dialect of Persian. But generally Kurdish language was accepted by midiyets, maneyets, hurrita, gute, lulube, cartridges. Urarta generally passed to use of Armenian.
In these times for territories of Entre Rios (Iraq) the dominating language was Persian. Though the considerable part of the population of Entre Rios still used Aramaic language.
is probable exactly in these times and Yazidi (adab) began to use too the Kurdish language as around them there lived Kurds. But the religion Yazidi left inviolable.
129 of dne - only Syria, Phoenicia and Cilicia remained with Selevkidov
of 95 - 56 g dne - the tsar of Armenia of Great Tigran2, strengthening of Armenia. Attached Sofena, part of Albania, Iberia, sowing - zap. regional. Parfiya, Mussel, Atropatena, Kommagena, Syria, Phoenicia and flat Cilicia. Crushed Cappadocia.
83 of dne - Armenia took at Selevkidov Cilicia and part of Syria
34 dne - the Roman troops intruded in Armenia, her tsar is executed.
10 of dne - transformation of Armenia into the state, dependent on Rome.
224 of - falling of the Parthian power, transition of the power to Sasanidam.
250 of - war of Rome and Sasanidov for Armenia, defeat of Romans, loss by them of Mesopotamia.
387 of - Armenia Great was divided between Sasanidami and Byzantium. Bolsh. the part of Armenia departed to Sasanidam.
630 of - submission of Mecca to Muhammad, origin of the Arab state.
of 633 - 651 - a gain of Iran Arabs, the end Sasanidov
634 - 640 - a gain of Palestine, Syria and Top. Mesopotamia Arabs.
635 of - a gain of Iraq Arabs. Beginning of planting of Islamic belief to the population of Entre Rios (Iraq). From now on many people which were earlier using Aramaic language quickly began to pass to the Arab language, especially these languages are related. In the north of Entre Rios the Kurdish language became the main language of communication. Strengthening (imposing) of Islamic religion by Arabs, forced the Yazidi farther and farther to leave for the North of Iraq from now on. There were temples of Yazidi earlier, but probably and new were under construction.
In the first years of planting of Islam Arabs still respected the rules of Islam which meant respect for other religions (toleration).
651 of - the end of the state Sasanidov, a gain of Iran Arabs. Formations of the largest
power - the Arab caliphate.
of 661 - 750 - the Caliphate Omeyadov. Iraq in structure Omeyadov.
of 750 - 945 - the Caliphate Abbasidov. Iraq in structure Abbasidov. The strengthened imposing of Islamic belief to the dependent population of Iraq and South Caucasus.
of 833 - 642 - in the Caliphate governed Al - Mutasim.
838 of - began revolt of dasniyets (one of groups of Yazidi so was called in those days, perhaps historians carried all Yazidi to dasniyets) led by the World Jafar against abbasidsky oppression. The world Jafar extended the power to the considerable territory between Mosul, Azerbaijan and Armenia that seriously frightened al - Mutasim. The Arab chronicler Ibn Dakhiya of al - Kilbi reports that Jafar`s World had an armed army and 70 000 soldiers were estimated.
the Abbasidsky Caliph Mutasim, after suppression of revolt of hurammit in Azerbaijan, directed the troops to Mosul and at the head put mosulsky bring down Abdullah ibn Anas. The head of dasniyets was called to Mosul on negotiations what he refused it. Abdullah ibn Anas with army took the offensive and there was a battle known according to the name of the district as “Matiso`s battle“. The world Jafar was forced to recede before numerous army to mountains Dasin and urged the neighboring tribes to unite with it for reflection of an impact of the enemy.
This time the World Jafar could break enemy army, and many prominent military leaders were killed with dasniyets, such as Ismail Talidi and Iskhak ibn Anas. The angered Caliph brought together new army led by Itakh (Aytakh). In 840 there was a large battle in which the World Jafar got beaten.
As is reported in sources, according to one version the World Jafar was killed in the tent, and on another - he drank poison and finished life. It is known that his body was sent to Samara and it is paraded to the people. It should be noted that revolt Jafar Dasni and Babek`s World were not isolated cases. In the IX-X centuries against abbasid revolts in different corners of the caliphate repeatedly rose that and led at the end to disintegration of once mighty state on small emirates.
945 of - Abbasidov the caliphate won Buidami.
of 1055 - a seldzhuka conquered Iraq, the end of the state Buidov.
of 1073 - 1163 - lived the founder of an ezidizm, the sheikh Adie.
of 1163 - the sheikh Adie died in Laleshe (the Iraqi Kurdistan).
of 1118 - 1194 - the Iraqi sultanate Seldzhukov in Iraq and Zap. Iran.
of 1220 - 1256 - a gain of Iran Mongols
of 1258 - capture of Baghdad by the Mongolian troops. The Caliph is killed.
of 1400 - a gain of Baghdad Timur
- Joint stock company - Koyunlu created 1410 state - in
of 1410 - 1468 - the state Kara - Koyunlu
1468 of Joint stock company - crushed Koyunla state - in Kara - Koyunlu, seized Armenia, Azerbaijan,
Iraq and Zap. Iran. Capital of Tabriz.
of 1502 - formation of the Sefevidsky state.
of 1508 - capture of Baghdad of Sefevidami
- Joint stock company - Koyunlu is crushed 1510 by Sefevidami.
of 1514 - 1517 - defeat of sefevidsky troops by Turks. Gain Turks of Vost. Armenia, Kurdistan, Sowing. Mesopotamia, Hijaz, Syria, Egypt. Turks also spread Islamic religion to the subdued people, but it was made by already violent methods. In Turkey even taxes for not Muslims were extortionate that forced the non-Muslim people to leave the homeland or to accept Islam. From now on many Kurds became Muslims (Sunnites as Turks). For Yazidi hard times began to come. It became difficult to keep the ancient religion. Only the rare people could go to it (which believed in the validity of the belief).
Most of Kurds kurmandzhy are the former Yazidi. They and now often say that their ancestors were Yazidi. But actually they any more not Yazidi, but ordinary Kurds.
of 1534 - capture of Baghdad by Turks, the territory of Iraq under the power of Turks.
of 1590 - occupation of all territory of Transcaucasia by Turks.
of 1832 - the hereditary Kurdish governor Botana Bedir - the khan Beg occupied the Yazidi settlements in the field of Sheihang, Ali Bega - the leader of Yazidi took prisoner and after cruel tortures killed him. Areas in the field of Sheihang which, were generally populated with Yazidi were plundered and reduced to ashes; Kurds - Muslims made unprecedented slaughter of “fellows“ of Yazidi, masking a banal robbery charges of a bezbozhnost, having borrowed it from Arabs. To avoid capture, inhabitants plunged into the water rekitigr. Those which were not able to rush in water or those which did not die in water were caught and ruthlessly killed. In these tyazhkly times some Yazidi betrayed the belief and accepted Islam. Such former Yazidi (traitors of belief of ancestors) are called by brukam (double-dealing fellows, traitors of belief). Betrayed once will betray and another time.
of 1921 - Iraq became independent of Turkey and is proclaimed the kingdom. But Great Britain had a real power.
of 1932 - Iraq is officially proclaimed independent, but the real economy remained under control of British.
of 1968 - Vlas in Iraq passed to Ba`ath party, Numerous revolts of Kurds in the north of Iraq with the requirement of an autonomy, revolts were suppressed. Oppressions of Yazidi from Kurds and Arabs continued.
of 1979 - the president of Iraq becomes Hussein.
of 1980 - 1988 - war between Iraq and Iran.
of 1990 - the Iraqi army interferes in Kuwait.
of 1991 - Kuwait is exempted from the Iraqi troops by forces of the USA and their allies. Revolt of Kurds in the north of Iraq. Under pressure of forces of NATO in three Kurdish provinces the power of Kurds is established, the Iraqi troops are disengaged from there.
of 2003 - army of the USA and their allies interfere in Iraq, the army of Iraq got beaten. Control of economy of Iraq (especially behind oil production) is established by means of the American companies. The Iraqi Kurdistan became actually independent territory (though formally is in structure of Iraq), the Kurd became the president of Iraq.
From the beginning of the American occupation and accession of anarchy and chaos the country was overflowed by a wave of the riots directed against Christians and Yazidi who are followed by murders and robberies. An attacking party at the same time are both Sunnites, and Shiites with Kurds.
of 2006 - Saddam Hussein is executed. The Protivorechia between two groups of Arabs - remain Shiites and Sunnites. Contradictions between arabpm and Kurds remain too. Attacks to the Yazidi who kept the belief (religion of ancestors) from Kurds proceed.
of 2012 - Between the head of the Yazidi party for reforms and progress in Iraq and the president of Iraq the agreement on creation of the Yazidi autonomy (Ezdikhan) in the north of Iraq on the total area of 15 thousand square in provinces the Ainu - Sifni, Sindzhar (Shangal) and Dokhuk was concluded. Ezdikhan the most unprotected region in Iraq. So in a consequence of a series of explosions Sindzhar`s region more than 500 people owing to what died on August 14, 2007 thousands of Yazidi left the historical homeland.
the Yazidi (yezdan) comes from the word “Yazd“ - it is geniuses of good and light in the Zoroastrian
doctrine, and also it is possible also the general term used for godlike Spiritual
Ezidizm initially religion strictly monotheist. A number of researchers write that the bogopoznaniye in an ezidizm is difficult for understanding, however for Yazidi obviously that God Tvorets of the world and that it has several names. Some researchers claim that Yazidi have no certain prayers and sacrifices directly to God. Actually there are prayers devoted to the Creator, but it is a little of them, as well as it befits strict dogma: any verbosity sign of spiritual slackness. Besides, adherents of many religions avoid and even Misters “in vain“ are afraid to mention. Though the essence of God, undoubtedly, not a vyrazima with the help someone concept, in the Yazidi religious anthems God is called Immortal, All-powerful, Omniscient, Eternal and Boundless.
tell such names About its essence as “Gracious“, “Lord Nebes“, “All-powerful“, “All-good“ and many others. God is not born and does not proceed from other person. In an ezidizm it is absolutely definitely specified that God rules the world not one, the government of the world is provided also to seven Archangels created by God and helping It at creation of the world. At Yazidi: the head of a pantheon of archangels, the Powerful patron of an egregor of religion of Yazidi, is Tavusi Mallak. On dogma of Yazidi Mallak Tavus - expansion of God and he possesses the status of the direct servant of God.
Yazidi esteem deeply angels (melek, or fire ş te). It is considered to be that they participate in all events which are taking place in our life. Proceeding from it the Yazidi religion call religion of angels - “D î n ê meleka“.
Sacred anthems of Yazidi, as well as the writing of other religions, contain manuals and are some kind of moral code for followers. The prophets transferring them obtained information from God. If to compare the sacred writing of different religions, then it is detectable that contents them in the majority coincides. Therefore, prophets did not disprove precepts of the previous prophets, and only supplemented them. So, in the Yazidi anthems we can track that Sheikh Adie, recognized Moisey, Jesus and Muhammad
concerning the self-name of the people “Yazidi“ in science there are several versions, but it seems to me the most logical the following is:
1. Iyezdani - from the Persian word Yazd that God means;
2. Yazidi - from the word “Yazidi“ - the genius of good, the prince of light in the Zoroastrian doctrine. Not for nothing the name this religion received
at the time of domination of Persians (supporters of Zoroastrianism). As we see existence in religion of archangels - it is already some influence of Christianity. And existence of such concept as sheikhs are a small influence of Islam. But these terms in an essence of religion of Yazidi do not change. It remains very ancient and has no at all what relation to one modern religion.
are pleasant to me concrete precepts (manuals) reflected in anthems:
needs to learn to treat with due respect to other
It is necessary to learn to be patient
to be double-faced
it is necessary to represent from itself the believer for the sake of glory.
It is necessary to adhere to the dogmas and instructions which are contained in sacred texts etc. of
Enjoy slander Ignorant and ignorant. Light of knowledge before them will be changed for
in the world other.
Those who will humiliate priests
regrets For donations and virtue,
the Fool suffering will enter that the world other!
of Decency have to be peculiar to you,
A cunning and insidiousness - [you will deprive of honor],
Without honor how to appear before the Padishah?! oznavshy [Truth] is open. Whose heart poison and rage break off
, the monastery that filled
with both snakes, and scorpions.
of People, enjoying wealth, amuses with Deception itself, without having calculated
that the death will pass, without having bypassed it!
of People commiting adultery, Day and night vnemlyushchiya,
Is deprived by that belief that it will be disgraced!
Kohl you are eager to achieve the objectives, the Way of the Lord you choose - Ezida,
I all your acts in final day - the Certificate to such situation!
If does not answer someone from you, Then children of your children will surely answer.
Sheikh Adie was elected too to add religion of Yazidi with information necessary for the solution of their public and political problems of that era. I consider that Sheikh Adie should be put in one row with great pro-cooks - envoys of will of God such as Brahma, Moisey, Buddha, Zaratushtra, Christ, Mohammed. But it is a pity when people (it is frequent at will of ruling circles) turn will of uniform Universal God into the local, often distorted religions. And at the same time begin to impose violently to people the distorted treatment of the religion. Tolerance and respect for any other belief always was one of the main precepts of God.
In the Yazidi sacred anthem“ Kavle Ezide Mir“ is told:
the Master Ezid - itself the Tsar is.
Named himself 1001 names.
the Most majestic of which - God. the Master Ezid uttered
“ I the one who Vsemilostiv.
(Is shown) not from the father and not from mother.
the Phenomenon is clear“.
From contents of the sacred anthem, is obvious that the word “Ezid“ is a name of God.
God Ezid on dogma of Yazidi is a patron of Earth and Heaven that is confirmed in the anthem“ Kavle Kochaka“
In the Yazidi sacred anthem“ Kavle Kochaka“ is told:
“ Prince my (mister), Ezid.
the Banner is red - white a basis.
Ezid`s Hand (preserves) Fourteen layers of Earth and Heaven
Ezid`s Temple directly influenced political life of the people of Babylonia since if the symbolical statue of Nabiu, did not arrive to Babylon, then the tsar could not be elected the tsar.
After all who such Yazidi (in the past of an adaba)? Dispute goes long ago. Unique kastovo - the theocratic society organization of Yazidi (where marriages are forbidden between representatives of various castes, and marriages with gentiles are forbidden at all) and their ancient religion (where the priest it is impossible to become except how to be born in a family of the priest), are a key basis for ethnographers. In my opinion and on the basis of the above researches it is possible to tell with confidence that Yazidi and Kurds - absolutely different people (though there is a strong similarity of language of Yazidi with Kurds). shumer priests could have
only descendants of priests, Yazidi have such principle too. The exclusive system concerning marriage solved a position not only the Yazidi, it defined also a position of the gentile with whom marriage was forbidden all Yazidi.
- It is impossible to become the Yazidi. The birth from the father and mother - Yazidi, predetermines the birth the Yazidi. Blood of Yazidi, from Yazidi.
- the Yazidi Cannot - become the layman a priest (the sheikh or a feast).
- Belonging to castes of clergy is predetermined by the birth, at the same time to become the attendant of other angel - the patron, except as the center is impossible!
These principles are also inherent Sumer. The name of God of Adie esteemed by Yazidi was known to ancient Egyptians and is written down in them to “The book of the dead“, and also honored in India and recorded in the ancient sacred Vedic writing of Hindus “Shrimad Bkhagavatam“, it is known also in Tibet.
Is undoubted, the main temple complex of Babylonia and its well-known Babel Tower were devoted to Adie`s God.
Yazidi are descendants of the most ancient population of Iraq - shumer (adab). I am sure, as now in language of Yazidi there are many ancient words acquired at the time of shumer and akkadians. Yazidi kept that belief which they had in 4 - 3 thousand dne. Yazidi call the religion Sharfadyn. They got this Vera from more ancient people (the people from the country Dilmun, but perhaps this belief came to them from white Atlases). But anyway the faith of esid in God and worship of the Sun (light forces) is a sign of that, this belief not thousands, but millions of years. I will not be surprised if there are sources which will confirm communication of Yazidi with the most ancient people on Earth - the asura living on Earth already 300 - 200 million years ago.
But one can be told still that the Yazidi people which passed such tests will enter sacred chit 144 thousand righteous persons who will revive our human civilization. (according to John the Evangelist`s revelations).
In my article for certain is a lot more mistakes, I still after all badly studied subtleties of religion of Yazidi. But perhaps this my article (I hope that it will be clear to simple readers) will attract many people to such interesting people as Yazidi. I Will be grateful to
if there are remarks under this article. I will correct errors if they are proved. I wrote to
Thanks to remarks of readers new article - research on history of Yazidi and Kurds (many do not understand distinction between these two different people also now).