Yazidi - the people from the remote past of
Yazidi - the people from the remote past,
the people which kept the roots.
(my specified research of the most ancient people) “Ancient history of people of the world is much more difficult than
, than we think“
“When cease to believe in Gods, they cease to believe in us“ to
Some time ago me article with my researches was written to history of Yazidi. On this article I received some remarks which I began to check attentively. As a result I I found out, as truly history of Yazidi as people is very interesting and the remote past traces the roots back. It was necessary to refuse wrong opinion that Yazidi are only part of the Kurdish people. Actually it is the special people, with special unique history and with the special interesting religion too having the roots in an extreme antiquity.
To begin this history, I will begin it very much from the remote past which the world historical science generally does not recognize. There are separate groups of scientists - researchers who recognize this history (these are historians - alternatives as whom I rank myself too though actually I the professional scientist am not).
That more clear this article was perceived, all events in it will be described in a chronological order (from the most ancient times to our time). For a start I will tell that the ancient history of a human civilization on Earth begins much earlier than speak about it and academicians from official historical science write us. The first people on Earth appeared about 500 - 250 million years ago. And it were asura. I will not describe in detail this most ancient human civilization and I will pass to the subsequent to it civilizations at once - civilizations of Atlases. This civilization appeared on the basis of the previous civilization (Assur), it began to be formed about 4 million years ago. It reached the power approximately in 1 million years dne (a so-called civilization of Toltecs). The center of this civilization was on the continent Atlantis which was in the Atlantic Ocean. It the continent gradually left from now on under waters of Atlantic (the last rest of this continent - the island Poseydonis, disappeared under sweats of Atlantic approximately in the 9500th year dne.) . All this time Atlases were the dominating people on Earth, all people on Earth them were afraid and worshipped them as to gods. And it is clear, knowledge and the equipment of Atlases was at such level in those days that even modern people would believe in their divine (magical) essence. But in more detail about it later it is possible to explain in more detail. I remind
Again that the continent Atlantis gradually left under waters of the Atlantic Ocean. Already approximately since 399 dne. from the continent on other continents of Earth of Earth descendants of Atlases Especially in large quantities begin to move simple descendants of Atlases moved (descendants of Atlases who did not own many knowledge of ancient Atlases (Toltecs) any more, them even Atlases to call already difficult. It were modern people who owned only a little bit of knowledge of great Toltecs.
Approximately in 199 thousand years dne - the first mass wave of immigrants - akkadiyets, lodged in the territory of the Middle East. These immigrants gave posterity the future of the Semite subsequently - to the Hamitic people and the people of the Caucasus.
Approximately in 79 thousand years dne - the second wave of immigrants - turanets, lodged on the seashore in East Asia (the territory modern Gobi). Turantsa - ancestors of all Mongoloid people of Asia and Indians of America. As a result of war with Atlases of Atlantis against turanets the atomic weapons were used. As a result of war the sea turned into the Gobi Desert. And turanets as a result of genetic changes had Mongoloid signs. Pimerno`s
in the same time in Atlantis occurred too significant events which in a consequence affected (and now influence all events happening on Earth). Representatives of more developed civilization participated in development of a civilization of Atlases - nazzyvat them Sons of the Sun (they were from the Sun, it were beings with fiery, plasma bodies), Sons of Wisdom. Still they were called divine governors of Atlantis. It were the real Teachers (Mentors). Gradually the power in Atlantis began to pass more and more to Atlases. Contacts with Teachers were reduced. Also was the result of togas that governors of Atlantis (to please to the personal interests) even more often broke orders and manuals of the Teachers. For the sake of a profit and domination over all people of the Earth, new governors invented instnut slavery, began to put statues with the image themselves, ceased to respect completely interests of all people of the Earth, began to draw material riches for themselves. At the same time these Atlases often began to istolzvat black magic and weapons of mass destruction of people in the purposes (that was forbidden by Teachers). Among Atlases split ripened, and prmerno 80 thousand years ago the part of Atlases (Atlases who used only white magic and who were against oppression of all other people of the world) moved from Atlantis and lodged in the mountains of Ethiopia where they created the city and based the White Box there. From this point the modern history of Atlases - Atlases of the White Box (white Atlases) and Atlases of Atlantis (black Atlases) who still sought to turn all people of the world into enslaved slaves began.
the Third wave of immigrants (most mass) was about about 38 thousand years dne. Modern scientists call these immigrants kromanyonets. They are most strongly similar to modern people. It were the Caucasian people similar to the modern people of the Mediterranean race. we will a little be interrupted by
Now (we will come off history of Atlases) and we will look who lived in the territory of Entre Rios (valley of the rivers of the Tiger and Euphrates) in these times.
30 thousand years dne - the territory of Entre Rios was poorly inhabited, and the most part of Entre Rios (the southern part) was under waters of the Persian Gulf. In the east from Entre Rios, in Mountains Zagros mountains (modern western Iraye) there lived tribes of baradostsky culture, these are tribes of Australoid type (descendants of asur). For information - all descendants of asur remembered that Sons of the Sun were their divine Teachers and for this reason many ancient Australoid tribes worshipped solar gods. For the same reason in all most ancient states god of the Sun was one of the most important gods.
10000 g dne - the situation changed a little, the territory Yuzh. Entre Rios it was still a little suitable for accommodation, there were many bogs. And in Mountains Zagros mountains there lived tribes of zarziysky culture (it were Australoids too). But the northern Areas of Entre Rios began to become populated already by Australoids from now on.
6500 g dne - the territory of Zagros mountains and Entre Rios inhabit from now on tribes of culture dzharmo and it there were already not absolutely Australoids, it was mix of the Australoids and Caucasians getting there from the North (from the Caucasus) and the West (from M. Aziya).
5700 g dne - in the territory of Entre Rios there was a hassunsky culture (tribes of this culture were already strongly similar to shumer). In Mountains Zagros mountains still there lived tribes of culture dzharmo.
5400 g dne - in the southern part of Entre Rios there was Eredu`s culture. Most likely these tribes began to be engaged actively in agriculture and the first to build large settlements. To the north of them still there lived tribes of hassunsky culture and to the West - tribes of a kulttsra dzharmo. But at this time to the west from Yuzh. Mezhdurechtya the new people - the elamitena began to be formed. These are dravidoida. There are versions that the civilization and the cities at elamityan appeared even earlier, than at shumer.
4800 g dne - tribes of culture of Eridu occupied the most part of Entre Rios and it were ancestors of shumer who not only were engaged in agriculture, but also began to build the first cities. It is considered that the most ancient city of Sumer is Eredu (the extreme South of Sumer). To the west of Sumer the civilization of Elam with the cities developed. In the north of Entre Rios there was a halafsky culture. These are tribes of transitional type (between dravidoida - shumer and Caucasians - akkadiyets).
4500 g dne - in the territory of Sumer there is an ale - obeydsky culture. According to most of researchers tribes of this culture were shumer. Exactly from now on to Entre Rios the cities and the first states began to appear quickly. The first states of Sumer were city-states, that is these cities were the centers of different groups of shumer, in these cities there were tsars (leaders), the temples, the Supreme priests. And all territory surrounding the city lived, being engaged in agriculture. To the south of Sumer (on coast of the Persian Gulf, in the area Bahrain Islands) there was a legendary country Dilmun at this time. According to legends of the state of the Southern Sumer were formed under the influence of residents of this country. There are and still legends that ancestors of ancient shumer came with North - the East (from the North of Iran, the South of Turkmenistan, from Afghanistan, it is possible even from the foothills of Hindu Kush), from the legendary city of Aratta which forever remained the holy site for all shumer.
3500 g dne - were completely created by this time almost all ancient city-states of shumer. Shumera inhabited the most part of Entre Rios. They had commercial relations with Elam, Dilmun, Magan (ancient Oman), Egypt, with the cities the states of East Mediterranean (Jericho, Ugarit, Bibl, Ebla and t. ä).
Now we will a little talk about the people which skychas call by the name “Yazidi“. So traditionally call these people proceeding from the Russian traditional writing now. The correct writing - “Yazidi“. From where this name undertook, we will talk later, and seychchas we will investigate an origin of the people. Spiritual mentors of the people speak: “Our people - Adabi“. And antiquity of the people of an adaba more than 5000 years, and it means that adab lived at the time of the first civilizations of Entre Rios - Elam, Sumer and Akkad. Shumera`s
was not one people with one language, one culture and one religion. As you noticed above, formation of this group of the people was influenced by pereseleets from the South (from Magan), from the North (from South Caucasus and M. Aziya), from the West (from the Middle East), from the East (from Elam, with North - the East of Iran, from Mountains Zagros mountains) It were ancient Australoids, dravidoida, Caucasians. But anthropologically appearance of shumer was close strongly to dravidoida of Elam. Perhaps some groups of shumer differed even externally from each other. So and languages of the people of Sumer were various. We already know that to the middle 4 - go one thousand dne in Sumer many large cities appeared. These cities were formed at first as the breeding centers (the centers of the people), for this reason and names of the cities corresponded to the name of the people. For example the ancient city of Ashur was inhabited by ashshurets (these are future Assyrians), the city of Uruk - urukets.
One of the most ancient cities of Sumer was the city of Adab. On the map of Sumer of times 3 - go dne it is well visible to one thousand. (if I am not able directly to place this card in the text, then I will place it in a photo album of group). Means in the neighborhood of this city there lived the ancient people of an adaba. Sheikh Hassan Kalash Hasanyan in the work “A transit of the people Ezid, according to resolutions of religion“, Yerevan, 1995 of p. 4 celebrates: “Before acceptance of Ezid (as the self-name of the people), we were called “Adabi“ - the honor people“.
From where these Sumer people precisely came it is impossible to tell now (perhaps from legendary Aratta, it is possible from Dilmun, other options are not excluded too). But notice near the city of Adab (to the northwest) two more sacred and important cities of Sumer - Nippur (who studied ancient history at once will remember the ancient Nippur list of tsars of Sumer) and Borsipp are located. Birsippa was the main religious center of all people of Sumer (there were temples of all ancient gods of Sumer). In those days in Borsipp there was Ezid`s temple and was posvyashcht to god Nebo (To light Forces including the Sun), and it is a sign that priests of this temple stored memory of religion of ancient asur (faith in God and his messengers - teachers - Sons of the Sun). Most likely, that such temples (as Ezid`s temple in Borsipp) were also in other large cities of Sumer, including Adab, Nippur, Ur and Uruk. Perhaps and in the northern Sumer city of Ashur there was Ezid`s temple too. Ashur is nedaleso from the modern city of Mosul, so near the modern temple in Lalyshe.
Ya I will add one more fact that Adab Lugalyannemundul`s tsar of 90 years of rules in Sumer as the Supreme governor of Sumer. It is reflected in the Nippur imperial list of tsars of Sumer, the government of these tsars began more than 435 thousand years ago. This tsar ruled after the tsar of Ur. For this reason Adab is one of the capitals of Sumer, on an equal basis with Eridu, to Badtibir, Sippary, Shuruppaky, Kish, Eanne, Ur, Hamazi, Erekh, Mari, Akshak, Agad, Isin (tsars of these years are the Nippur list of tsars of ancient Sumer.
I do not know precisely, but it seems to me that Izida`s temples in Ancient Egypt appeared approximately in the same time, as Ezid`s temples in Sumer. The city of Borsippa was the sacred city, and was not the residence of any political power. Priests of the temple of Ezid Bog of light and Sun operated the city Gore schitayetsya at Egyptians by Izida`s son. Perhaps and in Ancient Egypt the faith in god of the Sun remained from ancient asur too. In Ancient India god of the Sun Surya was esteemed (suras called Sons of the Sun millions years ago). Can these facts and are not connected with ancient religion of Yazidi, but it seems to me that the religion after all is continuation of the most ancient religion of asur. So we finished with
research of the most ancient past of Yazidi (in those days it were the adaba people) and finished it 3500th year dne when the country of Sumer was the country of a set of city-states where respected all ancient religions. All people of Sumer then spoke on different, but similar among themselves, Sumer languages. Sumer language was related only to languages elamityan, Dulmun`s people and to dravidoida of Iran, India and Central Asia (dravidoida occupied then the extensive territory from Entre Rios to the valley of Indus, from the Indian Ocean to steppes of Eurasia. Only approximately since 2500 dne from the North of dravidoid began to restrict Aryan (Indo-Iranian) tribes, and from the West on the territory of Sumer began to get semitichny tribes.
2500. dne - approximately at this time on the territory of Entre Rios from the West the new people, akkadians begin to get strenuously, they in the center of Entre Rios founded the city of Akkad, possibly this was. the center Akkadians were the semitichny people, according to many researchers they came to Entre Rios from northern part of East Mediterranean (it is the district of the ancient city of Ugarit, many consider akkadians by the related people ugarityan. Language of akkadians was soveshenno another than at shumer. From now on the tsar of Akkad began to seek to subordinate the vlvsta all Sumer. And they managed it. From now on akkadsky language became the dominating language to Entre Rios. But in the southern part of Entre Rios still prevailing were Sumer languages. Akkadians generally apprehended religion of shumer though they had the gods often similar to Sumer gods.
of 2490 - 2400 dne - Adab Lugalyannemundu`s tsar - the only representative of a dynasty of Adab who was included in “The imperial list“ of the III dynasty of Ur. He was a contemporary of an ensa of Lagash of Eanatum:
of 2369 dne - association of Dvurechya under vlatyyu Akkad. Tsar of Akkad Sargon. Submission of the Sumer cities to the tsar of Akkad. But the southern cities of Sumer not a srara were subordinated to Akkad.
of 2360 dne - Akkdad became the capital of the Akkdadsky state. After that on the territory of Entre Rios (especially into northern and central part) more and more semitychny tribes, related to akkadians began to get. Shumera were constantly pushed aside on the South of Entre Rios.
of 2320 dne-. Uruk was conquered by Sargon Drevnim.
of 2320 dne - Ur is subordinated to Akkad. At this time the Akkadsky power with the territory from the Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea was at the peak of power, and was the largest state of the world.
of 2150 dne - the Akkadsky power fell under an impact kutiyev. These are the tribes living in goa of Zagros mountains. It were all it is more probable dravidoidny tribes and they did not exert considerable impact on the people of Entre Rios.
of 2112 - 1996 dne - exile kutiyev from the territory of Entre Rios. The city of Ur became the center of the integrated state of Sumer (3 - I am a dynasty of Ur).
of 2024 dne - begin to interfere In Mesopotamia amore (the semitichny people - nomads from the Syrian Desert). They together with elamita crush Ur.
of 2024 dne - amoreysky vodzh Nailanum / 2024 - 2004/based kingdom Larsa in the territory of Entre Rios.
of 2003 dne - elamita took Ur again, the city and hegemony in the Lower Mesopotamia destroyed passed to Issin who held it to the last third of 20 century to N e
of 2000 dne - by this time in the territory. Northern Entre Rios there was a row independent hurritsky state - in / Ur - Kish and the Gain, Alshe, the Kummiysky kingdom, Ashur, Yamkhad.
of 1996 dne - elamita left Ur, the power over Ur passed to Issin`s governors.
of 1933. dne - the end of hegemony of Isin, amory, being on service of the tsar Issin, seized power, having declared itself the tsar of Sumer and Akkad. to
of 1929 dne - the tsar of Larsa Gungunum / 1931 - 1905/inflicted defeat to Isin`s tsar also subordinated Ur
1821 dne - Rimsin, the tsar of Larsa / 1821 - 1760/seized. h Dvurechya, crushed Uruk, Isin took, subordinated Babylonia. To Entre Rios amoreysky language dominated, it was similar to akkadsky. In the south of Entre Rios also Sumer languages remained.
of 1792 - 1750 dne - the tsar of Babylon ruled Hammurapi.
of 1680 dne - the state Yamkhad is won by hetta.
of 1650 dne - Yamkhad passed under Mitangni`s power, this new large hurritsky state in the north of Entre Rios. It was formed of Kummi and Alshe`s kingdoms.
of 1600 dne - campaigns of hett to Syria and Babylon.
of 1595 dne - Babylon is destroyed by cartridges, the people which intruded from Mountains Zagros mountains.
of 1595. dne - in the same time of Mitangni inflicted defeat over the hettsky tsar of Mursili1 of
of 1520 dne - Mitangni occupied the state Ashur (ancient Assyria), is temporary
of 1518 - 1204 dne - Babylon got under the power of kassit.
of 1510 dne - blossoming of the state of Mitangni at the tsar Shaushattar / 1510 - 1480/. Mitangni
owned in the North - Alshe, in the West - Sowing. Syria and Kitsuvatna, on sowing - the East - the Kummiysky kingdom, in the east - Arrapkhoy and to Nuz / in Bass. Diala/, in the north - Uruatri / to sovr. Trialeti and Lshachen at the Lake Sevan/.
of 1500 dne - Mitangni subordinated Ashur.
of 1360 dne - Mitangni is broken by the hettsky tsar Suppiluliuma, then is overthrown and killed with
Shutarnoy3/synom of the governor Alshe/. The territory of M was divided between Alshe and
Assyria (it is the former Ashur). The Kummiysky kingdom and Uruatri gained independence.
of 1307 dne - Assyria subordinated itself Mitangni.
of 1307 - 1208 dne - strengthening of Assyria
1180. dne - Assyria subordinated all Northern Mesopotamia.
of 1155 dne - the end of a dynasty of kassit in Babylon.
of 1150 dne - weakening of Assyria
1126 - 1105 dne - the tsar of Babylon of Navukhodonosor1, won a victory over elamita.
of 1100 dne - invasions arameev to Entre Rios. From now on the people of Entre Rios began to use Aramaic language more and more. This language became the basic and in Assyria.
of 1000 dne - association of hurritsky (urartsky) tribes in a uniform gosudastvo of Urartu.
980 of dne - emergence in Babylonia chaldaic tribes.
950 of dne - impudent persons became stronger in the southern Babylon, began to move ahead gradually on the North
of 883 - 859 dne - the Assyrian tsar Ashshurnazirapala 2 ruled, war with Nairi, inflicted a number of defeats of the Mussel, broke Aramaic tribes in Sowing. Syria, subdued Beat - Adini / temporarily/.
883 of dne - submission by Assyrians of all Mesopotamia.
of 859 - 824 - Salmanasar3, war about Urartu, Babylon is recognized dependent on Assyria.
856 of dne - Assyria finally subdued Beat - Adini. Became dependent on Assyria - Kummukh, Melid, Hattina, Gurgum.
of 820 - 760 dne - weakening of Assyria.
790 of dne - urarta forced out assiririyets from the valley of Upper Euphrates. to
774 of dne - Assyria subordinated Babylon, won victories over impudent persons
737 of dne - Assyria won part of the Mussel.
of 732 - 626 dne - Babylon is a part of Assyria. it is temporary
729 of dne - Assyria took Babylon, dependence of Babylon on Assyria.
691 of dne - Assyria inflicted defeat over Babylon and Elam. Full submission of Babylon
679 dne - war of Assyria with Cimmerians
676 of dne - war of Assyria in Arabia,
of 675 - 671 dne - war of Assyria in Phoenicia and Egypt
673 dne - revolt of medes against Assyria, with assistance of Scythians.
672 of. dne - formation of the Midiysky state.
653 of dne - the Mussel attacked Assyria, and it was attacked by Scythians
of 653 - 625 dne - the Mussel Scythians
627 of dne operated - Babylon finally separated from Assyria
625 dne - the Mussel became independent of Scythians
614 of dne - midiyets destroyed Ashur (the ancient capital of Assyrians).
612 of dne - defeat of Assyria by medes and Babylonians. Nineveh (the capital of Assyria) of
609 of dne - defeat of Assyrians near Harran
607 dne - defeat of the remains of Assyrians at Karkhemysh
605 dne fell - Babylon took Syria and Palestine.
595 of dne - Urartu is finally subdued by the Mussel. The drevnearmyansky kingdom is formed (under the power of the Mussel).
553 of dne - revolt of Persians against medes.
550 of dne - the Mussel gain Persians.
550 of dne - Elam is subordinated to Persia
539 dne - Babylon is captured by Persians. At the time of government Akhemenidov to Entre Rios of the main language remained Aramaic language (it was even recognized as a state language of Persia). to
330 of dne - Alexander of Macedon subordinated Babylon, the end of the Persian power.
323 of dne - Macedon`s death, the partition of the power of Macedon.
of 321 - 276 dne - fight of diadokh, emergence of the Hellenistic states. At the beginning of
Antipatr - in Macedonia and Greece, Antigonus - in Phrygia, Paphlagonia, Lycia,
Ptolomey - in Egypt, Selevk - in Babylon, Lisimakh - in Thrace, Ionia, Evmen - in
of Paphlagonia, Cappadocia, Odoakr - Bactria.
312 of dne - battle between Ptolomey and Antigonus`s Demetry / son/, Ptolomey`s victory,
Selevk received Babylon.
of 312 - 280 dne - board Selevka1, formation of the power Selevkidov. During an era of existence of the state Selevkidov in the territory between the Iranian Plateau and the Caspian Sea there was the state Atropaten`s Mussel. Gradually data on midiyets as the people vanish in historical sources. This state even more often began to be called just Atropateny and in this state there are data on the new people - kurtiya which later began to call Kurds.
311 of dne - Antigonu1 is subject almost all M. Aziya, Syria and Sowing. Mesopotamia.
311 of dne - Selevk took Babylon / took away from Antigona1/
310 of dne - is formed state - in Armenia Great
310 of dne - Selevk took the Mussel, Iran, Susa
301 dne - after Antigonus`s defeat / from Selevk and Cassandra/, Antigonus is killed. Selevk received Syria, sowing. Entre Rios and vost. part M. of Asia. Lisimakh -. p. M. of Asia. to
of 274 - 271 dne - Selevkiya lost war Ptolomeyam, lost Kelesiriya, the South. M. Aziya.
at the time of Hellenism (the power of Alekvandr Macedon and his successors) the main language of the people of Entre Rios remained Aramaic language though the authorities strenuously spread Greek).
250 of dne - Revolt in Parfiya, formation of Parthia.
190 of dne - fight at Magnesia Selevkidov with Rome, defeat Selevkidov. M. Aziya
is released from Selevkidov, mountains of the Tauri became the western border, M. Aziya is transferred to
to Pergamum and Rhodes.
of 189 - 160 dne - the tsar of Armenia Great, declared independence from Selevkidov
150 dne - Parfiya`s strengthening, capture of Mitridatom1/171 - 137 / the Mussel and Mesopotamia. Antropaten`s
got under Parfiya`s power too. Completion of creation of the Parthian power. the Long power of Persians (and parthians) over a territoiya of northern Entre Rios led
to emergence of the new people - Kurds. Kurds spoke for the western dialect of Persian. In my opinion language of Kurds was initially similar to language of midiyets. Disappearance of such large people as midiyets and emergence of such people as Kurds not incidentally. Generally it were mountain inhabitants, went in for cattle breeding. For this reason up to Modern times under a name of “Kurds“ united the Iranian nationalities which are widely settled in Mountains Zagros mountains, the Top Mesopotamia and on the Armenian Highlands talking in diverse languages / dialects. In my opinion all people of Northern Entre Rios began to use kurdky language (except for Armenia) and the people of Mountains Zagros mountains, even to the elamitena (suzistanets) began to use this dialect of Persian. But generally Kurdish language was accepted by midiyets, maneyets, hurrita, gute, lulube, cartridges. Urarta generally passed to use of Armenian.
In these times for territories of Entre Rios (Iraq) the dominating language was Persian. Though the considerable part of the population of Entre Rios still used Aramaic language.
is probable exactly in these times and Yazidi (adab) began to use too the Kurdish language as around them there lived Kurds. But the religion Yazidi left inviolable.
129 of dne - only Syria, Phoenicia and Cilicia remained with Selevkidov
of 95 - 56 g dne - the tsar of Armenia of Great Tigran2, strengthening of Armenia. Attached Sofena, part of Albania, Iberia, sowing - zap. Region of Parfiya, Mussel, Atropatena, Kommagena, Syria, Phoenicia and flat Cilicia. Crushed Cappadocia.
83 of dne - Armenia took at Selevkidov Cilicia and part of Syria
34 dne - the Roman troops intruded in Armenia, her tsar is executed.
10 of dne - transformation of Armenia into the state, dependent on Rome.
224 of - falling of the Parthian power, transition of the power to Sasanidam.
250 of - war of Rome and Sasanidov for Armenia, defeat of Romans, loss by them of Mesopotamia.
387 of - Armenia Great was divided between Sasanidami and Byzantium. Bolsh. the part of Armenia departed to Sasanidam.
630 of - submission of Mecca to Muhammad, origin of the Arab state.
of 633 - 651 - a gain of Iran Arabs, the end Sasanidov
634 - 640 - a gain of Palestine, Syria and Top. Mesopotamia Arabs.
635 of - a gain of Iraq Arabs. Beginning of planting of Islamic belief to the population of Entre Rios (Iraq). From now on many people which were earlier using Aramaic language quickly began to pass to the Arab language, especially these languages are related. In the north of Entre Rios the Kurdish language became the main language of communication. Strengthening (imposing) of Islamic religion by Arabs, forced the Yazidi farther and farther to leave for the North of Iraq from now on. There were temples of Yazidi earlier, but probably and new were under construction.
In the first years of planting of Islam Arabs still respected the rules of Islam which meant respect for other religions (toleration).
651 of - the end of the state Sasanidov, a gain of Iran Arabs. Formations of the largest
power - the Arab caliphate.
of 661 - 750 - the Caliphate Omeyadov. Iraq in structure Omeyadov.
of 750 - 945 - the Caliphate Abbasidov. Iraq in structure Abbasidov. The strengthened imposing of Islamic belief to the dependent population of Iraq and South Caucasus.
of 833 - 642 - in the Caliphate governed Al - Mutasim.
838 of - began revolt of dasniyets (one of groups of Yazidi so was called in those days, perhaps historians carried all Yazidi to dasniyets) led by the World Jafar against abbasidsky oppression. The world Jafar extended the power to the considerable territory between Mosul, Azerbaijan and Armenia that seriously frightened al - Mutasima. The Arab chronicler Ibn Dakhiya of al - Kilbi reports that Jafar`s World had an armed army and 70 000 soldiers were estimated.
the Abbasidsky Caliph Mutasim, after suppression of revolt of hurammit in Azerbaijan, directed the troops to Mosul and at the head put mosulsky bring down Abdullah ibn Anas. The head of dasniyets was called to Mosul on negotiations what he refused it. Abdullah ibn Anas with army took the offensive and there was a battle known according to the name of the district as “Matiso`s battle“. The world Jafar was forced to recede before numerous army to mountains Dasin and urged the neighboring tribes to unite with it for reflection of an impact of the enemy.
This time the World Jafar could break enemy army, and many prominent military leaders were killed with dasniyets, such as Ismail Talidi and Iskhak ibn Anas. The angered Caliph brought together new army led by Itakh (Aytakh). In 840 there was a large battle in which the World Jafar got beaten.
As is reported in sources, according to one version the World Jafar was killed in the tent, and on another - he drank poison and finished life. It is known that his body was sent to Samara and it is paraded to the people. It should be noted that revolt Jafar Dasni and Babek`s World were not isolated cases. In the IX-X centuries against abbasid revolts in different corners of the caliphate repeatedly rose that and led at the end to disintegration of once mighty state on small emirates.
945 of - Abbasidov the caliphate won Buidami.
of 1055 - a seldzhuka conquered Iraq, the end of the state Buidov.
of 1073 - 1163 - lived the founder of an ezidizm, the sheikh Adie.
of 1163 - the sheikh Adie died in Laleshe (the Iraqi Kurdistan).
of 1118 - 1194 - the Iraqi sultanate Seldzhukov in Iraq and Zap. Iran.
of 1220 - 1256 - a gain of Iran Mongols
of 1258 - capture of Baghdad by the Mongolian troops. The Caliph is killed.
of 1400 - a gain of Baghdad Timur
- Joint stock company - Koyunlu created 1410 state - in
of 1410 - 1468 - the state Kara - Koyunlu
1468 of Joint stock company - crushed Koyunla state - in Kara - Koyunlu, seized Armenia, Azerbaijan,
Iraq and Zap. Iran. Capital of Tabriz.
of 1502 - formation of the Sefevidsky state.
of 1508 - capture of Baghdad of Sefevidami
- Joint stock company - Koyunlu is crushed 1510 by Sefevidami.
of 1514 - 1517 - defeat of sefevidsky troops by Turks. Gain Turks of Vost. Armenia, Kurdistan, Sowing. Mesopotamia, Hijaz, Syria, Egypt. Turks also spread Islamic religion to the subdued people, but it was made by already violent methods. In Turkey even taxes for not Muslims were extortionate that forced the non-Muslim people to leave the homeland or to accept Islam. From now on many Kurds became Muslims (Sunnites as Turks). For Yazidi hard times began to come. It became difficult to keep the ancient religion. Only the rare people could go to it (which believed in the validity of the belief).
Most of Kurds kurmandzhy are the former Yazidi. They and now often say that their ancestors were Yazidi. But actually they any more not Yazidi, but ordinary Kurds.
of 1534 - capture of Baghdad by Turks, the territory of Iraq under the power of Turks.
of 1590 - occupation of all territory of Transcaucasia by Turks.
of 1832 - the hereditary Kurdish governor Botana Bedir - the khan Beg occupied the Yazidi settlements in the field of Sheihang, Ali Bega - the leader of Yazidi took prisoner and after cruel tortures killed him. Areas in the field of Sheihang which, were generally populated with Yazidi were plundered and reduced to ashes; Kurds - Muslims made unprecedented slaughter of “fellows“ of Yazidi, masking a banal robbery charges of a bezbozhnost, having borrowed it from Arabs. To avoid capture, inhabitants plunged into the water rekitigr. Those which were not able to rush in water or those which did not die in water were caught and ruthlessly killed. In these tyazhkly times some Yazidi betrayed the belief and accepted Islam. Such former Yazidi (traitors of belief of ancestors) are called by brukam (double-dealing fellows, traitors of belief). Betrayed once will betray and another time.
of 1921 - Iraq became independent of Turkey and is proclaimed the kingdom. But Great Britain had a real power.
of 1932 - Iraq is officially proclaimed independent, but the real economy remained under control of British.
of 1968 - Vlas in Iraq passed to Ba`ath party, Numerous revolts of Kurds in the north of Iraq with the requirement of an autonomy, revolt podavlyafoxes. Oppressions of Yazidi from Kurds and Arabs continued.
of 1979 - the president of Iraq becomes Hussein.
of 1980 - 1988 - war between Iraq and Iran.
of 1990 - the Iraqi army interferes in Kuwait.
of 1991 - Kuwait is exempted from the Iraqi troops by forces of the USA and their allies. Revolt of Kurds in the north of Iraq. Under pressure of forces of NATO in three Kurdish provinces the power of Kurds is established, the Iraqi troops are disengaged from there.
of 2003 - army of the USA and their allies interfere in Iraq, the army of Iraq got beaten. Control of economy of Iraq (especially behind oil production) is established by means of the American companies. The Iraqi Kurdistan became actually independent territory (though formally is in structure of Iraq), the Kurd became the president of Iraq.
From the beginning of the American occupation and accession of anarchy and chaos the country was overflowed by a wave of the riots directed against Christians and Yazidi who are followed by murders and robberies. Attacking party at the same time are both Sunnites, and Shiites with Kurds.
of 2006 - Saddam Hussein is executed. The Protivorechia between two groups of Arabs - remain Shiites and Sunnites. Contradictions between arabpm and Kurds remain too. Attacks to the Yazidi who kept the belief (religion of ancestors) from Kurds proceed.
of 2012 - Between the head of the Yazidi party for reforms and progress in Iraq and the president of Iraq the agreement on creation of the Yazidi autonomy (Ezdikhan) in the north of Iraq on the total area of 15 thousand square in provinces the Ainu - Sifni, Sindzhar (Shangal) and Dokhuk was concluded. Ezdikhan the most unprotected region in Iraq. So in a consequence of a series of explosions Sindzhar`s region more than 500 people owing to what died on August 14, 2007 thousands of Yazidi left the historical homeland.
the Yazidi (yezdan) comes from the word “Yazd“ - it is geniuses of good and light in the Zoroastrian
doctrine, and also it is possible also the general term used for godlike Spiritual
Ezidizm initially religion strictly monotheist. A number of researchers write that the bogopoznaniye in an ezidizm is difficult for understanding, however for Yazidi obviously that God Tvorets of the world and that it has several names. Some researchers claim that Yazidi have no certain prayers and sacrifices directly to God. Actually there are prayers devoted to the Creator, but it is a little of them, as well as it befits strict dogma: any verbosity sign of spiritual slackness. Besides, adherents of many religions avoid and even Misters “in vain“ are afraid to mention. Though the essence of God, undoubtedly, not a vyrazima with the help someone concept, in the Yazidi religious anthems God is called Immortal, All-powerful, Omniscient, Eternal and Boundless.
tell such names About its essence as “Gracious“, “Lord Nebes“, “All-powerful“, “All-good“ and many others. God is not born and does not proceed from other person. In an ezidizm it is absolutely definitely specified that God rules the world not one, the government of the world is provided also to seven Archangels created by God and helping It at creation of the world. At Yazidi: the head of a pantheon of archangels, the Powerful patron of an egregor of religion of Yazidi, is Tavusi Mallak. On dogma of Yazidi Mallak Tavus - expansion of God and he possesses the status of the direct servant of God.
Yazidi esteem deeply angels (melek, or fire ş te). It is considered to be that they participate in all events which are taking place in our life. Proceeding from it the Yazidi religion call religion of angels - “D î n ê meleka“.
Sacred anthems of Yazidi, as well as the writing of other religions, contain manuals and are some kind of moral code for followers. The prophets transferring them obtained information from God. If to compare the sacred writing of different religions, then it is detectable that contents them in the majority coincides. Therefore, prophets did not disprove precepts of the previous prophets, and only supplemented them. So, in the Yazidi anthems we can track that Sheikh Adie, recognized Moisey, Jesus and Muhammad
concerning the self-name of the people “Yazidi“ in science there are several versions, but it seems to me the most logical the following is:
1. Iyezdani - from the Persian word Yazd that God means;
2. Yazidi - from the word “Yazidi“ - the genius of good, the prince of light in the Zoroastrian doctrine. Not for nothing the name this religion received
at the time of domination of Persians (supporters of Zoroastrianism). As we see existence in religion of archangels - it is already some influence of Christianity. And existence of such concept as sheikhs are a small influence of Islam. But these terms in an essence of religion of Yazidi do not change. It remains very ancient and has no at all what relation to one modern religion.
are pleasant to me concrete precepts (manuals) reflected in anthems:
needs to learn to treat with due respect to other
It is necessary to learn to be patient
to be double-faced
it is necessary to represent from itself the believer for the sake of glory.
It is necessary to adhere to the dogmas and instructions which are contained in sacred texts etc. of
Enjoy slander Ignorant and ignorant. Light of knowledge before them will be changed for
in the world other.
Those who will humiliate priests
regrets For donations and virtue,
the Fool suffering will enter that the world other!
of Decency have to be peculiar to you,
A cunning and insidiousness - [you will deprive of honor],
Without honor how to appear before the Padishah?! oznavshy [Truth] is open. Whose heart poison and rage break off
, the monastery that filled
with both snakes, and scorpions.
of People, enjoying wealth, amuses with Deception itself, without having calculated
that the death will pass, without having bypassed it!
of People commiting adultery, Day and night vnemlyushchiya,
Is deprived by that belief that it will be disgraced!
Kohl you are eager to achieve the objectives, the Way of the Lord you choose - Ezida,
I all your acts in final day - the Certificate to such situation!
If does not answer someone from you, Then children of your children will surely answer.
Sheikh Adie was elected too to add religion of Yazidi with information necessary for the solution of their public and political problems of that era. I consider that Sheikh Adie should be put in one row with great pro-cooks - envoys of will of God such as Brahma, Moisey, Buddha, Zaratushtra, Christ, Mohammed. But it is a pity when people (it is frequent at will of ruling circles) turn will of uniform Universal God into the local, often distorted religions. And at the same time begin to impose violently to people the distorted treatment of the religion. Tolerance and respect for any other belief always was one of the main precepts of God.
In the Yazidi sacred anthem“ Kavle Ezide Mir“ is told:
the Master Ezid - itself the Tsar is.
Named himself 1001 names.
the Most majestic of which - God. the Master Ezid uttered
“ I the one who Vsemilostiv.
(Is shown) not from the father and not from mother.
the Phenomenon is clear“.
From contents of the sacred anthem, is obvious that the word “Ezid“ is a name of God.
God Ezid on dogma of Yazidi is a patron of Earth and Nebes that is confirmed in the anthem“ Kavle Kochaka“
In the Yazidi sacred anthem“ Kavle Kochaka“ is told:
“ Prince my (mister), Ezid.
the Banner is red - white a basis. Fourteen layers of Earth and Nebes
Ezid`s Hand (preserves)
Ezid`s Temple directly influenced political life of the people of Babylonia since if the symbolical statue of Nabiu, did not arrive to Babylon, then the tsar could not be elected the tsar.
After all who such Yazidi (in the past of an adaba)? Dispute goes long ago. Unique kastovo - the theocratic society organization of Yazidi (where marriages are forbidden between representatives of various castes, and marriages with gentiles are forbidden at all) and their ancient religion (where the priest it is impossible to become except how to be born in a family of the priest), are a key basis for ethnographers. In my opinion and on the basis of the above researches it is possible to tell with confidence that Yazidi and Kurds - absolutely different people (though there is a strong similarity of language of Yazidi with Kurds). shumer priests could have
only descendants of priests, Yazidi have such principle too. The exclusive system concerning marriage solved a position not only the Yazidi, it defined also a position of the gentile with whom marriage was forbidden all Yazidi.
- It is impossible to become the Yazidi. The birth from the father and mother - Yazidi, predetermines the birth the Yazidi. Blood of Yazidi, from Yazidi.
- the Yazidi Cannot - become the layman a priest (the sheikh or a feast).
- Belonging to castes of clergy is predetermined by the birth, at the same time to become the attendant of other angel - the patron, except as the center is impossible!
These principles are also inherent Sumer. The name of God of Adie esteemed by Yazidi was known to ancient Egyptians and is written down in them to “The book of the dead“, and also honored in India and recorded in the ancient sacred Vedic writing of Hindus “Shrimad Bkhagavatam“, it is known also in Tibet.
Is undoubted, the main temple complex of Babylonia and its well-known Babel Tower were devoted to Adie`s God.
Yazidi are descendants of the most ancient population of Iraq - shumer (adab). I am sure, as now in language of Yazidi there are many ancient words acquired at the time of shumer and akkadians. Yazidi kept that belief which they had in 4 - 3 thousand dne. Yazidi call the religion Sharfadyn. They got this Vera from more ancient people (the people from the country Dilmun, but perhaps this belief came to them from white Atlases). But anyway the faith of esid in God and worship of the Sun (light forces) is a sign of that, this belief not thousands, but millions of years. I will not be surprised if there are sources which will confirm communication of Yazidi with the most ancient people on Earth - the asura living on Earth already 300 - 200 million years ago.
But one can be told still that the Yazidi people which passed such tests will enter sacred chit 144 thousand righteous persons who will revive our human civilization. (according to John the Evangelist`s revelations).
In my article for certain is a lot more mistakes, I still after all badly studied subtleties of religion of Yazidi. But perhaps this my article (I hope that it will be clear to simple readers) will attract many people to such interesting people as Yazidi. I Will be grateful to
if there are remarks under this article. I will correct errors if they are proved. I wrote to
Thanks to remarks of readers new article - research on history of Yazidi and Kurds (many do not understand distinction between these two different people also now).