The child is in danger. When reanimation is necessary?
Children are little researchers, it is madly interesting to them that represents the world surrounding them. And to learn something new about it, they use all available ways: sight, scent, touch, taste. But sometimes these attempts to knowledge come to an end sadly. And often before arrival of ambulance parents have to estimate degree of danger in which there were their children.
It is possible if it is, for example, blow current, mothers and fathers have only a few minutes to rescue the child. As it is correct to estimate a condition of the child and what should be carried out resuscitation actions to keep life and health of the kid before arrival of “ambulance“, the anesthesiologist of “The nursery of clinical hospital“ Ksenia Biryukova told.
Five signs when it is necessary to carry out a resuscitation complex:
Loss of consciousness (if the child moves, then, most likely, the consciousness is). You found the kid without strong indications of consciousness - approach it and call him a loud voice (in a state of shock that small children that adults do not react to a low voice, there has to be only a loud irritant), at the same time touch it for a shoulder, do not grab the head (perhaps, there is concussion or cervical vertebras suffered, then you will do only harm). If the kid opened eyes or something moaned, so the consciousness is.
Skin color. It is necessary to pay attention to it at once. Skin of white or very pale color can indicate the low pressure or a stop of blood circulation. Skin of blue or pig-iron color means primary respiratory standstill.
Lack of breath. To check whether there is a breath, it is necessary to put accurately the hand to the lying child on a breast. Also we look: if the child did not inhale in 20 seconds (and for kids this figure is reduced to 10 seconds), it means no other than respiratory standstill. It is necessary to carry out an artificial respiration.
Inefficient blood circulation. It is very difficult to define it to the nonspecialist. The ordinary person can try it to make by means of pulse measurement (but at all not on a hand at small children - often there pulse is not probed). It is the best of all to measure it on a neck. On its middle it is possible to grope fingers a large vessel. In it the pulsation even remains with the minimum pressure. If it no, so heart does not work for the child. Pulse can be measured in 6 seconds. Consider how many was blows for this period and increase on 10. For newborns norm pulse 140 - 160 is considered. For children of preschool age - 100 - 110. For seniors - 80 - 100. Everything that is lower than 40 blows - inefficient blood circulation. Serdtsevrode as well as knocks, but for providing a normal state of the child and food of a brain of it it is not enough. In such situations it is necessary to have resuscitation effect.
to Check pupils. We open eyes at the child and we look whether pupils are narrowed. This reaction of an eye - protective. There is it in order that the retina was not injured from bright light. If the pupil when opening an eye was not narrowed and does not react in any way - it is a sign of clinical death.
If all listed signs are present, parents have only 5 minutes to rescue the kid. After this time oxygen reserves in an organism will not be and the brain of the child will begin to perish. Therefore it is strongly recommended all parents and just any adult to know a complex of resuscitation actions.
- Abroad is able to apply this complex of actions everyone. In principle all have to know how to provide the first pre-medical medical care, - Ksenia Biryukova considers.