Whether orchids grow at us?Refined distinguished beauty of orchids will leave nobody indifferent. They captivated hearts of many scientists - naturalists, flower growers, judges perfect and fine. About orchids the set of books is written, one of authors of which is Charles Darwin. Over twenty thousand species of this remarkable plant growing generally in the damp tropical countries are described. Fortunately, about 140 types of orchids, certainly not such effective, but not less favourite and valuable, live in moderate climatic conditions. our orchids are extended by
in the woods, on meadows, near reservoirs. Their blossoming, depending on a look, begins in May and comes to an end in September.
The most famous and bright representatives of northern orchids are of a lyubk two-leaved and a yatryshnik . Except delicate flowers, these types possess medicinal properties, and in due time were even used as a food product.
Unique aroma of flowers of a lyubka two-leaved amplifies at night, and in old times from roots cooked bewitching love drink therefore in the people it is called a wild orchid, the nochnitsy, night beauty, a love root.
Lyubka two-leaved - a small grassy plant with two oval rozetochny leaves which cover a single flower arrow. The inflorescence - a friable brush of white fragrant flowers, blossoms in May - June. From - for mass collecting this plant needs protection.
Near lyubky two-leaved the yatryshnik different from it leaves, oblong in a speck, and purpurno - red flowers often meets.
At all types lyubok and yatryshnik in the medical purposes use roots which call “tubers a salep“. Still Avicenna wrote that the salep clears ulcers, interferes with distribution of herpes, and also heals malignant ulcers.
For a long time this plant was used by the East people. In Iran and Turkey it was accepted to drink since morning mucous drink from its roots with honey addition. Tatars and Persians for far transitions stocked up with roots of a lyubka of shortage of stocks of livelihood, two-leaved on a case. Was considered that 40 - 50 g of dry roots a day are enough for maintenance of forces of the adult.
Today favourite drink in Turkey is the salep . For preparation of one portion of a classical salep in Turkish it is necessary to take one tablespoon of flour (powder) of a salep, one glass of cold milk and it is a little cinnamon. To pour a salep into milk, to stir, put carefully on slow fire and to heat at continuous stirring to solidification. To pour drink in a porcelain cup and to strew with cinnamon. To give hot.
The salep contains in roots about 50% of slime, to 30% of starch, to 10% of polysaccharides, and also the toning substances. Traditional medicine recommends to use roots at zheludochno - intestinal diseases, poisonings, cough, outwardly - at abscesses.
In Russia the salep was used for a long time for preparation of kissels, the test, soups which gave to the weakened and sick people. The salep has no the expressed smell and taste therefore it can be added to any dishes.
There was such belief: who with the first beams of the sun will swim in the lake on which coast the yatryshnik blossoms, that will find youth and beauty.
Lyubka two-leaved and a yatryshnik can be lodged in the garden. For this purpose it is necessary to dig out carefully one - two plants and to land to the friable, fertile, well humidified soil. The plant will soon expand, and you will be able to try curative drink from its roots.
Except a lyubka and a yatryshnik also other types of northern orchids are interesting:
the Shoe krupnotsvetny - the most rare and greatest representative of family Orkhidnykh, growing in midlatitudes. Meets on forest lawns, blossoms in June - July. It is destroyed when collecting flowers as when breaking stalks does not manage to save up nutrients for the next vegetative period.
the Lady`s slipper - habitats are reduced from - for deforestation and collecting flowers by bouquets. Has very small seeds without reserve of nutrients, develops very slowly, blossoms only for 10 - 15.
Calypso - blossoms in May the pink florets similar to forest hand bells. These orchids rare, they hide under the old fallen-off branches and among a moss.
the Nesting place real - has unusual coloring of a stalk and flowers, reminds the look the tin tell-tale on a post.
Dremlik marsh grows in damp places, in a shadow of bushes. In the people call the snow-white Sleeping Beauty.
Daktiloriza (orchis) - the most widespread orchids of a temperate climate, blossom from May to July the crimson, pink, lilac, white florets collected in kolosovidny inflorescences. Live on meadows, on roadsides of roads, on coast of reservoirs.
Practically all types of northern orchids need protection therefore having seen the blossoming orchid, do not hurry to break it! Photograph the modest relative of magnificent tropical beauties for memory better.