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What history of music of Alexey Rybnikov to / f “That Myunkhgauzen“ and “Also did not dream you“? Ability to create the memorable melodies without words Alexey Rybnikov the next time brilliantly showed

in 1979 when the tragicomedy of the director Mark Zakharov “That Myunkhgauzen“ came out. The movie told about opposition of the outstanding personality to gray crowd, and sincerity and the imagination - to stagnancy and hypocrisy. the cornerstone Grigory Gorin`s play “The most truthful“ actually was written to

“That Myunkhgauzen“ (1979) by

not for the movie, and for a performance. Moreover, it was written at the request of the actor Vladimir Zeldin who very much wanted to recreate an image of the famous baron on a scene. The performance went in Theatre of the Soviet army and very much it was pleasant to Mark Zakharov who just looked for that to remove it after the made a noise “Ordinary miracle».

In the director`s hands the scenario was considerably processed. As for music, many write that Rybnikov wrote it for a performance, and it was included into the movie practically without changes. However the composer told about it a little differently.

A. Rybnikov:

“Grudges that it is one such work because there the principle of a combination of the image and music when we with Zakharov practically created a scenario behind a grand piano was found. I improvised music, he read the text at this time and spoke: here more slowly, here let there will be more subject, here the pause will be in the text. And there are no pauses for music, there constantly is a text. But at the same time and there is a lot of music. And does not disturb one another because it was composed together“.

I, really, music in the movie became not isolated - it literally operated mood of the viewer. And the last subject when Myunkhgauzen says well-known “Smile, misters! Smile!“ also climbs on right suicide in a gun muzzle on a ladder (and the ladder is infinite), causes the real catharsis.

By the way, this musical subject in 2005 became the reason of the strange conflict between Rybnikov and the ORGY of RIGHTEOUS PERSONS group. Everything began with the fact that the group prepared the song called “A royal wedding“ for the composer`s tribyyut. Sergey Kalugin wrote on a final melody from “Myunkhgauzen“ the heroically - the romantic text, and the group made rigid fate - arrangement.

Desert of days, empty life, empty dreams.

will not answer Empty heart a banner on a tower. in we wash Melkanye`s

of years a window, Melkanye`s

of persons in my opinion. there is no

you Here.

Ya I begin to remember

I only for an instant when in ruptures of clouds

Ya I see the falcon saddling wind, how there was something that I knew. I begin to remember


Similar reception of ALICE group (when Kinchev wrote words on a subject from “Treasure island“) did not cause any claims in the composer, and here he for some reason gave a hostile reception to the version of the ORGY of RIGHTEOUS PERSONS.

A. Rybnikov:

“I asked to cease to mock, not to use my subject. In words can sneer, but when scoff at music, I do not love it: it is not creative, to me it is vile“.

Musicians were taken aback. But the song so grudged for them that they decided to use cunning. In - the first, they added and developed composition, having turned it in 10 - a minute mystery. In - the second, the musician Yury Ruslanov managed to change so an initial melody of Rybnikov that it remained recognizable though by any note it was not crossed with the original.

And one more interesting supervision. Perhaps only it seems to me, but the first steps of the well-known variety hit of Valery Leontyev “Flight on a hang-glider“ painfully remind the introduction to the main subject from “Myunkhgauzen“.

“Also did not dream you“ (1980)

History of this movie began with the fact that Galina Scherbakova wrote the story under the name “Roman and Yulka“. Names were chosen not incidentally - the writer created modern interpretation of the Shakespearean play about Romeo and Juliette who is not, as we know, “more sadly on light“. Scherbakova sent the story in publishing house of the Yunost magazine. But the publication dragged on, and the writer sent the copy also to “Mosfilm“.

There reacted quicker - material attracted to the director Ilya Frez. However, for the unclear reasons, he renamed Yulya into Katya, though kept sending on Shakespeare (in the movie heroes go to theater on “Vestsaydsky history“ - one more adaptation of a classical plot).

If played Roma`s role real 16 - the summer school student, then played Katya 23 - summer married Tatyana Aksyuta - the truth, so slender that nobody noticed age differences.

Alexey Rybnikov first conceived music to this movie as purely tool. However almost mystical case interposed in the matter.

Since 1970 one beautiful light melody was stored in creative store rooms of the composer. And once Rybnikov`s hand unexpectedly stretched to one of small volumes of collected works of the Indian writer and the Nobel Prize laureate of 1913 - Rabindranath Tagore. The book revealed on the final of the novel “Last Poem“ (1929). The novel narrated about the young man Omito and the girl Labonno who are in love each other, but opportunities to connect in this world are deprived. Therefore in the farewell letter - Labonno`s poem writes Omito that, despite everything, between them there will be a spiritual bond not subject to time and space.

A. Rybnikov: “And I do not even know

why did not address the poet. Not that - wrote bad verses, and I decided to make something like that in despair - no, all on any intuition. And it is the last lines of this story - almost unrhymed versification, almost prose. Why it laid down on music, for me still remains a riddle. If I would be told - here, before you verses, write on them music - nothing would turn out“.

However, this poem in Adelina Adalis`s translation in the original was very philosophical and long therefore only the separate and a little processed stanzas were included in the song. So a couplet “I departure, - and time carries me …“ lost the first - purely Hindu - a line: “In an ancient stream of changes it is thrown …“ . And here only some not entered fragments from the original text:

... Whether you hear rustle of the flying time?

Is eternal its chariot in way... blows to us are heard by

of Heart in the sky,

of the Star in darkness are crushed by the chariot, -

how not to sob them at darkness on a breast?.

my Friend!

... It seems to me: by the chariot it is taken, Death already one thousand times having won against


Here I ascended to top today,

In gloss of a dawn is empurpled - transparent... -

How not to forget the name in way?

Completely the song, and the called “Last poem“, sounds only in initial credits, but its melody constantly accompanies the movie, bringing in it a vital note. Here and the director refused the tragic final of the story and spared Romka who is broken from a window sill.

A. Rybnikov:

“The most important in what a mazhornost of a melody was a key in general to the solution of a picture. Because love, despite everything, it has to be the major everything is“.

In the movie “The last poem“ was executed by Irina Otiyeva and Vera Sokolova. One year later at the telecompetition “The Song of Year - 1981“ the song was already executed by the Uzbek ensemble of YaLLA, having added to the original east color. Well, and the Soviet Screen magazine called “To you and did not dream“ the best movie of year.

“The last poem“ prophetically became the last from widely known film works of Alexey Rybnikov. Further in works of the composer drama history of statement of the well-known opera “Juno and Avos“ followed...

Today Alexey Lvovich is engaged in the theater and creation of serious symphonic works. And here for cinema does not plan to work so far.

A. Rybnikov: “When I wrote

for cinema, it was my creative laboratory. And now, if good music God forbid turns out, and the movie any, the movie will die together with a melody. I will not be able to pull out from it the music that it began to live life“.

Music, as always, can listen in 1 - m to comments to this article.

Previous articles of a cycle about A. Rybnikov`s film music:

1. “Treasure island“, “Big space travel“ of

2. “Jumble“, “Wolf and seven kids in a new way“

3. “Buratino`s adventures“ of

4. “About the Little Red Riding Hood“, “Moustached nurses“