Nigella is the sister of a buttercup. What is it interesting by?
of Nigell - the surprising plant bribing the simplicity and refinement, unpretentiousness and cheerfulness. From time immemorial it is widely used as medicinal and pryano - a flavoring plant. It belongs to
to Lyutikov` family, it is from the Mediterranean. Botanists allocate more than 20 species of this plant, ten of them are widespread in Russia and the adjacent countries. Main types: the nigella Damask - a decorative look, east, Spanish and sowing - is applied as medicinal and pryano - a flavoring plant.
What only names this unique flower - the maiden in greens, a chernushka (by the form seeds) did not receive, the Roman coriander, black caraway seeds, hair of Venus, a muscat flower, black to seza and many others. British tenderly call it “love in fog“.
Somehow I saw gently - blue inflorescences of a nigella in sunset beams of the sun, in a frame of openwork leaves, and in the head such history rushed...
Several centuries ago in the small town in the south of the English kingdom of veins the gardener famous all over the country by the name of Artur with the young wife Mary. They lived happily, but once there was a trouble: Mary got sick with an unknown illness, and the best doctors of the kingdom could not help it.
That though to please with something the wife, the gardener made every day fine compositions of flowers. But Mary thawed in the eyes, she could not neither talk any more, nor move with a hand.
The desperate Artur went to a garden and addressed the favourite flowers:
- My dear friends, help to rescue Mary!
Unexpectedly dense fog fell by the earth, hand bells somewhere rang out, and soon greenish small lamps started gleaming not far. During the next instant from fog the fairy Tsvetov appeared.
She stretched to the gardener a basket. Artur took it, in a basket extraordinary gentle white, blue and lilac flowers lay. The fairy told:
- In a basket ninety nine flowers. From them, to sunset, you have to lay out a pattern on the crude earth. And if you correctly lay out it, then flowers will recover and your wife will recover. At your order hundred days. If in the 100-th day you do not find the necessary solution, then already nothing will help Mary.
The fairy disappeared, and fog instantly dissipated.
The inspired Artur quickly found the suitable place in the garden and turned to work. Soon the pattern was ready, and the gardener with impatience began to expect sunrise.
But... flowers did not recover. So many days proceeded. And when there was only one day, Artur reflected:
- There has to be one correct decision. Why colors ninety nine? Why the fairy gave me hundred days?
And suddenly dawned on it:
- Everything is very simple! I have to make a pattern in the form of the same flower, it will be the 100-th, as well as the number of days!
This time Artur did not hurry. It spread out all flowers on coloring: it turned out that was most than white flowers, blue and lilac - it is less, and blue and it is dense - lilac - very little.
The gardener began the work at midday and by the evening the pattern was ready: extraordinary charming flower turned out. Coloring of its petals gradually changed from darkly - lilac to white and from white to blue.
When Artur took out the last blue flower from a basket, saw at the bottom a handful of openwork green leaflets. It thrust these leaflets to the earth around a flower, and in such frame it became more refined and more gentle.
As soon as the gardener finished work, fog captivated everything around. To the touch Artur made the way to the house and quietly began to expect sunrise.
In the morning it wrapped up Mary in a plaid, put in a chair and took out in a garden.
The first beams of the sun lit up a flower, and it trembled on an easy morning breeze. Florets began to move and began to rise over the earth.
There passed time... The woman could leave to the saviors. She joyfully smiled and gently touched them with hands. In reply flowers trustfully inclined to it the heads and slightly palms tickled.
And in the 100-th day, having left the house, Mary understood that she finally recovered. She called the husband, and they went by the flowers. But did not manage to approach a bed - suddenly appeared fog stopped them.
Very quickly fog dissipated and when they looked at a bed, instead of flowers saw the blown-up seed boxes similar to green graceful small lamps. Plants looked elegantly even after blossoming. Soon boxes became beige, and the ripened seeds were black, slightly oily and warm to the touch.
Since then the gardener settled this wonderful plant on all kingdom, tenderly calling it “love in fog“.
In the east curative properties of a nigella use more than 3000 years. The prophet Muhammad said that in black caraway seeds - disposal of all diseases, except death.
From the second half of the 20th century in many countries of the world researches of properties of a nigella began to be conducted. It became clear that its seeds stimuliruyushche affect the thymus which is responsible for protective forces of an organism possess anticancerogenic and most powerful antibacterial properties.
Now pharmaceutical industry lets out a preparation of a nigedaz which is appointed at chronic pancreatic and zheludochno - intestinal diseases.
Seeds of a nigella contain up to 40% of fat oil and about 1,5% radio that causes broad application them in cookery. For strengthening of aroma before their use it is possible to fry slightly.
At some types of a nigella of a sowing campaign seeds have a pleasant smell and sharp perechno - muscat taste. Nigella Damask possesses zemlyanichno - muscat aroma. Some hostesses at jam making from a gooseberry add to it nigella flowers for obtaining strawberry aroma.
Seeds of a nigella add a savor and sharpness to meat, fish and vegetable dishes. Also add this spice to dough at pastries.
Nigella is a part of the popular Indian mix “akhanch pkhoron“ for meat and vegetable dishes.
Today the nigella is cultivated in many countries of the world from the Middle East to India.
This remarkable plant is applied in the decorative purposes since the Middle Ages.
Nigella - one-year, cold-resistant, photophilous culture. Blossoms from spring to fall, filling the empty places on garden sites.
Seed boxes remarkably look in dry bouquets. For this purpose it is necessary to cut off stalks with immature seeds and to dry, having hung up them heads down.
Now the set of beautifully blossoming grades with terry and semi-terry flowers of various coloring is removed.
It is possible to sow a nigella in the early spring, towards the winter and during all vegetative period. Seeds just should be scattered on the ground, having slightly pressed into soil.
Lodge this unique plant in the garden - and you will not be disappointed: you will be provided with useful spice all the year round, and beauty of its gentle inflorescences - from spring to late fall.