Housing and communal services - a peculiar branch of the state or Why again tariffs raise?
Since July 1, 2013 for residents of the country which wins first place on gas export in the world it will rise in price for 15% (at a time), water and electricity allegedly - for 12-15%, about heating we learn in the fall. Putin gave to
at the beginning of a year the order about the most admissible increase of utility tariffs. Their growth should not make more than 6% a year generally over the country. For the certain region this figure cannot exceed 15%. On May 31 at a meeting of the State Council concerning housing and communal services the president demanded to limit growth of tariffs.
Dmitry Medvedev is also dissatisfied with quotations for the civilization benefits for the population. He demands from the Ministry of Economic Development, ministers and Federal Tariff Service to bridle appetites of housing and communal services. Allegedly the increase in prices should not exceed inflation growth. And what in practice?
Rosstat for last (2012) sounded such figures: inflation growth - 6,6%, utility tariffs - 9,4%. This year inflation is expected above. Tariffs will grow up too and for certain again will overtake the general price increase in shops. If to look at statistics, it will become clear that since 2000 the electric power rose in price by 7,5 times, gas - in 10, water - in 15, and management companies take for work already at 13-15 times more.
Where money and why on housing and communal services establish such high quotations leave?
Housing and communal services blame for all backwardness and ruin in branch. In the country which won 20 years ago socialism still use its fruits. Moreover, the Soviet pipes - the main component of water supply systems, sewer systems, gas pipelines; the Soviet columns and wires - a basis of electronetwork economy of Russia; the Soviet houses - housing for most of the population. Unfortunately, time does not feel sorry for either pipes, or columns, or roofs, or cellars … All this needs to be changed and patched. Including for money of citizens. So, at a meeting of the State Council Putin reported that more than 9 trillion rubles are necessary for reduction of municipal services in an order.
But on the other hand, service prices of housing and communal services constantly grow at the rates advancing inflation. And it occurs not one decade, sometimes, several times in a year. Even considering some percent of defaulters, it is difficult to assume that in branch choke with a lack of money. For example, there are quite official figures telling about annual receipt to housing and communal services more than one trillion rubles - only from individuals. Interestingly: where money?
Sergey Stepashin, the chairman of Audit Chamber, speaks about uselessness of increase of tariffs. Because means simply inefficiently spend illiterate managers, and often also scam. The anarchy reason in housing and communal services Stepashin calls lack of the law on control of growth of tariffs, and also opacity of expenses which arrive for all-house needs. Sergey Vadimovich suggests tariffs to freeze in general - for 3 years. However, what to do then, he does not specify.
By itself, supervisory authorities are necessary for fight against absence of control in branch. But and they are. Both in regions, and in the Moscow offices the officials obliged to stop embezzlement of public funds, bribery and irrational expenses work. However some well-known scandal should happen in the municipal sphere as the officials urged guide to rustle right there begin to shift responsibility at each other - look for extreme. Here and unclear: whether control is weak, whether it is dissolved in the large number.
What will be farther with housing and communal services? Whether will please economy of Russians sometime in the future with work and the prices - it is unknown. And soon communications for certain will continue to change as emergency turn when, as they say, edge, and tariffs raise two times in a year. In principle, all got used for a long time. Still here it is thought that these increases will remain for most of citizens, as always, reasonably: somewhere in the middle of intolerable and tolerant.