Communist Party. How the batch of working class was afraid of working class?
“The captain Shchastny is shot on court of revolutionary tribunal. Russia does not know what crimes were committed by the captain Shchastny“.
“We, representatives of Petrograd workers, express the deepest indignation and a violent protest concerning Shchastny`s murder. We call the proletariat and all honest citizens of Russia to join our indignation and we declare: all gains of revolution we, together with democracy of all Russia, will defend with all force and determination“.
the Extract from the resolution of Meeting of authorized factories and plants of Petrograd, June, 1918
“It is also necessary to remember in what days there was a murder Volodarsk. In day of the death he telephoned Zinovyev that was at Obukhovsk plant, telephoned that there, at this then semi-proletarian plant where signs of anti-Semitism were noticeable, reckless hooliganism and small narrow-minded reaction, - is very restless.
Those days Social Revolutionaries - together also get to fall in love with officers of a mine division - vzbulgachil of her sailors so that on meeting,… the slogan was directly decided and picked up by the deceived sailors of torpedo boats: “Dictatorship of Baltic Fleet over Russia“. Nobody objected when we proved that behind this dictatorship there is a dictatorship of several officers spread with a liquid eserstvo and several persons, even more uncertain, with the communications going through ironically smiling admiral Shchastny to black depth. The mine division became then behind Obukhovsk plant, she also gave it a hand“.
A. Lunacharsky “Volodarsk“.
Though in an extract from the resolution of Meeting of authorized factories and plants of Petrograd it is told about the captain Shchastnom, and in Lunacharsky`s article - about the admiral Shchastnom, it is about the same person - Alexey Mikhayloviche Shchastnom.
Alexey Mikhaylovich Shchastny, the son of the general Mikhail Shchastny, having become the warrant officer in 1901, finished the service in the Russian fleet in a rank of the captain 1 - go a rank. After coming to power of Bolsheviks cooperated with the Soviet bodies for protection of the country against the German troops. In 1918 the former captain 1 - go a rank Shchastny receives a position of the chief of naval forces of the Baltic Sea, i.e. is appointed the commander of the Baltic Fleet. As the position the commander of fleet was admiral`s, Alexey Shchastny was often called the admiral though after revolution all ranks was are cancelled.
Owing to a row obstoyatelstz seamen of Baltic in 1917 became shock guard of October. Thousands of seamen in October days 1917 provided to Bolsheviks seizure of power in Petrograd and helped to overthrow Provisional government. In January, 1918 seamen at the request of Lenin carry out dispersal of the Constituent assembly. While actions of seamen promoted strengthening of the power of Bolsheviks, the leader of proletarian revolution gives to fleet appreciation. In fleet, Lenin noted, we see a brilliant sample of a creative possibility of masses, in this regard the fleet proved to be as an advance party...
In February, 1918 Germans maneuver from the land and the sea made an attempt of hijacking of the ships of the Baltic Fleet. Not to allow it, Baltic Fleet sailors in February, 1918 begin the well-known Ice campaign, having made transition from Revel and Helsingfors to Kronstadt. The campaign passed in a difficult weather situation, teams of the ships were not fully completed, the ships were exposed to firings from belofinn. However more than 230 pennants at the end of April came to Kronstadt. This the first, strategic on a svoyemukharakter, operation in the history of the Red Baltic Fleet, seamen carried out under the leadership of the admiral Alexey Shchastny.
When seamen of Baltic were busy with rescue of fleet, workers of Petrograd, in response to dispersal by Bolsheviks of the Constituent Assembly and execution of demonstration in protection of the Constituent Assembly, organized the new movement in the form of Meeting of Authorized Plants and Factories. The declaration of Meeting demanded refusal of the conclusion of the enslaving world: workers declared that instead of the promised democratic world the country received capitulation before the German imperialists. In addition the declaration included requirements of resignation of Council of People`s Commissars and immediate convocation of the Constituent Assembly.
May, 1918 became critical in the history of Petrograd. Workers of Petrograd were supported by seamen by a division mine. On May 11 by the ships of a mine division the resolution was adopted: “Petrograd commune in view of its full inability and insolvency to undertake something for rescue of the homeland and Petrograd to dismiss and hand all power to sea dictatorship of the Baltic Fleet“. The candidate for a post of the dictator of Baltic seamen declared the admiral Shchastny.
It is quite possible that, having heard about the similar offer, the admiral Shchastny could smile. Only to Bolsheviks had no time for laughter. Already on May 27 Shchastny was arrested according to the personal order of Trotsky “for crimes on positions and counterrevolutionary actions“. 20 - On June 21 he was judged by Revolutionary tribunal. Despite weak evidential base of charge and official cancellation in the country of the death penalty, Shchastny was sentenced on June 21, 1918 to execution. It is the first judicial death sentence in the Soviet Russia …
should have recognized that in the history with a mine division Bolsheviks chose an ideal target in the person of Shchastny. Shchastny`s elimination allowed them to solve a number of problems successfully. From a post of the commander of fleet the person, very inconvenient for Bolsheviks, having high authority among sailors was discharged, and in consciousness of sailors and workers the belief in other truth was destroyed, the thought was imposed again: the officer - the potential enemy of revolution. Besides a brilliant opportunity to disarm a rebellious mine division and to expel from Councils of Mensheviks and Social Revolutionaries was given.
It is necessary to recognize also another: the working class which understood that the admiral Shchastny fell a victim of unfair court was not necessary to red dictators - the Obukhovsk plant was closed, and all workers were dismissed.
In conclusion allow to draw a seditious conclusion: heads of Bolshevik party which was considered as a batch of working class from the first days of the power most of all were afraid... working class.