What conceal in themselves labyrinths? The answer which is not present
“The world - a labyrinth. Neither exit, nor entrance...“ - Jorge Luis Borges wrote. Labyrinths - the incomprehensible infinite movement, Time and Space closed in a spiral. How many centuries these strange constructions draw attention and interest of people. What was a true problem which was solved by builders of these of intricate and senseless, at first sight, “curls“? The question remains without answer to this day.
of Versions and assumptions - scientific and pseudo-scientific - have enough today. But any of them cannot be considered only true and final. It is considered that labyrinths created as the certain symbolical monuments testifying to a victory of light forces. The philosophical maintenance of a labyrinth in its continuity meaning eternal idea of the movement to light and life. There are versions that labyrinths were the place of magic initiations. So the person, having passed a way from the beginning of a labyrinth to the middle and having returned back, carried out a certain solemn rite and received the desirable at gods.
In pagan beliefs the labyrinth symbolized a way of the Sun, was used in astrological mysteries. Significance of Space or, on the contrary, the underground world was attached to a labyrinth.
The collective round dances which are available today for many people go back the beginning to so-called “troy games“. According to some researchers, purpose of labyrinths consisted that on its confused paths of the young man and girl made ritual dance. Having communicated one rope and moving on the winding labyrinth footpaths, dancing made the difficult movements making a certain sacred sense. Today it is possible to observe similar dances at some people of the Caucasus when in difficult loop-shaped dance there is a ceremony of a betrothal of the young man and girl.
The ancient texts which reached us mention five great labyrinths: The Egyptian labyrinth located according to Pliniya`s instructions, under the lake Moeris; two great labyrinths in Knossos and Gortana; the Greek labyrinth on the island of Lemnos and an Etruscan labyrinth in Klyuzium (Italy).
At the word “labyrinth“ many instantly have an associative addition - “Minotaur“. And it is valid, it is a labyrinth most known in the history. About it legends are put, its existence is confirmed by historical documents.
A Minotaur - the son of a sacred bull of the sea lord Poseidon and the wife of the kritsky tsar Minos. From this sinful communication the monster with a body of the person and the head of a bull also appeared. The tsar enjoined to hide the terrifying offspring in the construction which is specially constructed by the architect Dedal. It was also the Knossos labyrinth. The Minotaur - the embodiment of a sin and the evil, should not have found a way out of a labyrinth and was sentenced to wander in it to a skonchaniye of the days. In the form of young girls and young men inhabitants of Crete had to bring the terrible victims to the Minotaur. But the Evil was overcome. The Greek hero Theseus by means of the imperial daughter Ariadna won against a monster and returned from a labyrinth live.
The fact that on available scientists it is visible to drawings of the Knossos labyrinth that the labyrinth of the Minotaur was absolutely simple is interesting. The center of a labyrinth was very close from an entrance. No deadlock branches and smart deviations in it existed. It seems that it is possible to pass it. But in it delusiveness and craftiness of a similar trap also consists. The first turn forces to doubt correctness of the direction and forces going to be undeceived in fidelity of the way. Here also true purpose of a labyrinth - the symbol of a course of life of the person, through difficulties and obstacles who is going to truth, falling into disappointment and doubts, which is losing and again finding faith appears.
The Knossos labyrinth, despite its wide popularity, actually is till this day not found and not investigated. The separate found signs of a certain construction only fall under the historical data on a labyrinth which reached us. Scientists did not manage to find today absolute confirmation yet that the labyrinth of the Minotaur really exists on the island of Crete.
At the same time the famous researcher of puzzles and artifacts, the ophthalmologist Ernst Muldashev (the author of a series of books about Shambhala) with the associates organized expedition and, according to his statement, found a labyrinth of the Minotaur. According to Muldashev, about 12 - 13 thousand years ago a certain advanced civilization in the course of gene experiences removed terrible mutants. Creation of labyrinths became the compulsory measure urged to protect the world from these monsters. Labyrinths were, in his opinion, special laboratories on “deactivation“ of these monsters. From here and echoes of legends of the Minotaur.
The Egyptian labyrinth in the present province Fayyum on the bank of Meridov of the lake is considered one of seven wonders of the world. Ancient historians and philosophers - Pliny, Herodotus, Strabon, left the description of this miracle. An enormous quadrangular construction in which there were more than three thousand rooms. Ruins of this artifact were investigated in the 19th century, but results of excavation are very insignificant. The labyrinth on the island of Lemnos described by ancient historians did not live up to now. We know about its existence only according to descriptions.
In Klyuzium (Italy) there is a huge barrow - a gravestone monument to the Etruscan tsar Porsenna. In it a huge number of chambers, corridors and transitions, the whole confused network of underground communications. Some kind of labyrinth which purpose remains secret to this day.
The sacral sense of a labyrinth was used not only in the Mediterranean, but also in the east and then in the West. The late image of a labyrinth turns already into a certain decorative element and passes into the category of jewelry. The Christianity adapted to itself this symbol, having introduced in it the image of a cross. At the same time drawing of a labyrinth found the application and in pure form in Christian cathedrals.
Near Paris in the city of Chartres there is a cathedral which remained without restorations since the 13th century. On a cathedral floor from marble the ancient labyrinth is laid out. Diameter it about 12 meters, and a way which there pass on it pilgrims - about 200 meters. The labyrinth is used for meditations and is a transcendental symbol of a way to God. It is a way of search of the hidden sense of existence of the person. Pass on a labyrinth bare feet causes surprising feeling of participation to the whole world, direct link with Earth forces. It is some kind of tool changing consciousness of the believer.
Labyrinths... Unsolved stone books of antiquity which each page is written by a set of languages. The sacral timeless wandering which still did not lead to a solution.