What is a major and a minor? From “Wedding march“ to “Funeral“ and back If you are not able to play
any musical instrument - all the same at least once in life tested insuperable draft to touch strings of a guitar or to knock on piano keys. It is unlikely something decent turned out, fine. If you continued to torment the tool, listeners for certain were indignant: “Hey, whether in a harmony you with, the friend? Perhaps will be enough?“.
the Word “harmony“ in Russian means symmetry, the world, an order, a consent. And this word has a direct bearing on music most. In order that from keys or strings to take something harmonious, it is necessary to know that sounds of any melody are among themselves in certain relations, live in harmony.
The musical term “harmony“ is an association of the sounds gravitating to each other and various on height. Such associations, i.e. frets, happen different. Frets a major and a minor are most characteristic of the European music.
Try to play from “to“ only on white keys of 7 notes in a row - at you the scale to - a major turned out. You hear how the major sounds? Vigorously, joyfully. And now we will try to make “la“, most from a note, on white keys too. Sounding has absolutely other coloring - sad, sad. It is a minor harmony, scale of la - a minor. Contrast of a major and minor - very important means for creation of musical character.
Let`s compare works of artists and composers. Artists for creation of the pictures use paints, composers for the composition of pieces of music - sounds. Artists have two groups of paints - warm colors and cold. And for the musician paint is a harmony. If the major, means work sounds brightly and joyfully if a minor - it is thoughtful, profound.
Look at Repin`s picture “Zaporozhetses write the letter to the Turkish sultan»! Lips stretch in a smile - what violence of paints as it is juicy images are written out! As the picture is mazhorno painted! And now pay attention to vasnetsovsky “Alyonushka“. Absolutely other mood - minor: grief, melancholy, hopelessness. The viewer feels at once - there was a drama.
The phrase “be in a minor“, “minor mood“ is quite often used also in informal conversation. So speak about the person who indulges in grief, is depressed, desponds, is in a depression. “Something you today in a minor“, - friends can notice if you do not take part in conversation, you do not smile, do not react to jokes.
The word “major“ is used not only as the musical term. In France at the end of the 18th century at the time of the Directory there was a new generation of youth - children of nouveau riches, those that “from dirt and in princes“, they were called mazhor. There passed more than two centuries, and the word emerged in the same value again. Boys and girls - mazhor, gilded youth, carelessly live fast with the connivance of rich and influential parents.
A striking example of distinction of the pieces of music written in major and minor frets are “Wedding march“ of Mendelssohn and “Dead march“ of Chopin. It is no wonder that these works at all very famous - they are executed practically at all weddings and a funeral. For general public of the data on works of these great European composers on it also come to an end.
So, “Dead march“ of Chopin. Fine, tragic, sublime embodiment of grief! This music forces heart to cry, urges to realize that it is farewell forever. A. V. Lunacharsky said that when he hears this music, some affection squeezes a throat, and almost sweet tears come into eyes. “Dead march“ is the third part of the sonata for a SI piano - a flat a minor number two, written to 1837.
Frederic Chopin (1810 - 1849), the great Polish composer and the pianist, was also itself Per - Lashez under sounds of “Dead march“ is buried in Paris on a cemetery. On his dying wish it was also executed Mozart`s “Requiem“, the composer whom he loved and appreciated above all others.
The author of “Wedding march“ - the outstanding German composer, the conductor, the pianist and the teacher Felix Mendelssohn - Bartoldi (1809 - 1847). Once the king of Prussia Friedrich Wilhelm the Fourth who very much liked Mendelssohn`s music to Sophocles`s tragedy “Antigone“ in private conversation wished that the composer wrote more music to literary works. The desire of the king wonderfully coincided with interests of the musician. To already written overture for the play “Midsummer Night`s Dream“ according to the comedy of V. Shakespeare of the same name, he added 10 more parts, having turned it into the suite. The suite - a musical form which consists of the independent, contrast parts united, nevertheless, by the general plan.
The first execution of music to the comedy took place in 1843 in the Potsdam palace and went over with great success. “Wedding march“ - the seventh part of this work. This year 170 years since a play premiere, peculiar anniversary are executed.
“Wedding march“ of Mendelssohn gained the true popularity after sounded at a historical wedding of the princess Victoria, successor of the British throne, and the crown prince Prussian Friedrich in 1858. In Russia “March“ is executed during wedding ceremony at the time of emergence of couple of newlyweds. It sounds only 4 minutes, but gives extraordinary solemnity and conviviality to this important event in life of each person. In Western Europe and the USA during a wedding ceremony by tradition “The wedding chorus“ from the opera “Loengrin“ of Richard Wagner sounds.
Often say that our life consists of black and white strips, of pluses and minuses, of a grief and pleasure. Probably, it is possible to tell and so: our life is an alternation of a major and minor. And depends only on ourselves what to choose - life - a holiday or life - a funeral.