What is a dzhabotikaba? Miracles of the Southern Brazil of
a grapes Cluster - wonderful secret of the nature. Beauty submitting at first sight. Emerald, black or as pink pearls of berry with unforgettable taste - a favourite delicacy at many people. by
At the word “grapes“ remember a liana, vineyards and wine at once. Ah, this wine... I remember how in the childhood on summer vacation we trampled down grapes. The grandmother always had a wine the - self-made. Berries issinya - black - and it is dark - claret wine.
Same do also in the Southern Brazil, and already Brazilian grandmothers ask the grandchildren to trample a dzhabotikaba. Be not surprised, I was not mistaken. It will be a question of a surprising grape tree which grows in tropical places. Its Latin name Myrciaria caulifloria, also belongs this tree to family of myrtaceous.
Dzhabotikab - an unusual plant, and for Russian - with an unusual name. That to grow up it on the site, a lot of time and patience will be required. It grows very slowly, reaching centenary age. But all efforts turn a hundredfold: your grandsons will long enjoy taste of berries of a grape tree. Both this really extraordinary interesting and surprising creation of the nature. Flowers and fruits at it grow on a trunk.
A plant with compact krone - up to 12 meters high. The tree is covered with the small leaflets of a lanceolate form having the delicate gentle aroma similar to a myrtle smell. Light bark of a dzhabotikaba has a pinkish shade and is covered with grayish spots. Blossoming at a plant begins in the spring, at this time it becomes covered by a large amount of small white colors which have extended stamens.
Flowers as then and fruits, grow on a trunk. And such phenomenon on - scientific is called a kaulifloriya . At such tropical trees as cocoa and a jackfruit, flowers and fruits are formed, as at a grape tree. For winter of a dzhabotikab dumps part of leaves, but with arrival of spring the tree is updated by young pinkish leaflets which get natural darkly later - green color.
Recently the plant became popular and at our gardeners - fans, but most often grow up it in room conditions or in regions with favorable climate as the tropical mollycoddle transfers only weak frosts. Areas which are to the north - not for a grape tree.
From - for slow growth in Europe it is grown up as bonsais, decorating a landscape of gardens with an unusual plant. In the apartment of a dzhabotikab grows in big capacities, containers or tubs. To grow up such plant in room conditions or on a site, it is necessary to follow simple rules: preparation of the soil, watering, lighting and top dressing.
The grape tree perfectly feels in the easy trained soil. Does not love excessive acidulation, and the drainage is necessary for this plant - it does not transfer heavy soils. Change is carried out in process of growth of a tree in case of strong growth of root system.
As all tropical fruit trees, the dzhabotikaba loves regular watering. The drought affects such plants perniciously. For favorable growth also sunshine, but with easy shading are required for a grape tree.
On top dressing the plant is sympathetic. It is the best of all to introduce fertilizers during growth. Such procedure needs to be carried out in the veseena - the summer period.
Reproduction of this plant happens both seeds, and an inoculation. It should be noted that young saplings for fructification acceleration impart. In that case the plant can enter a fruiting stage for 5 - 6 years earlier, than not imparted seedlings. If to land seeds, then it should be taken into account - they are not subject to long storage. Therefore they need to be landed at once as soon as got.
In the usual environment trees do not subject to special cutting. But the plant during growth has a large number of heavy branches which can break off under own weight. Therefore it is necessary to watch such branches and in time to delete, as well as a dead wood.
Skilled gardeners consider that if the tree is not strong zagushcheno, then the harvest turns out more plentiful. But cutting is carried out prior to growth of escapes which falls for the end of winter or the beginning of spring. At observance of favorable conditions the plant can fructify all the year round. In habitat of a dzhabotikab 2 times a year fructify generally.
Fruits grow to 4 cm in the diameter. In the beginning they green color, but in process of maturing become darkly - violet or black. Fruits contain large seeds in number of 4 pieces. A thin skin at fruits dense and bitter of - for the increased content of tannin, and pulp gentle, it is white - pink color. Naturally, with taste of grapes, therefore still a tree called grape.
But we will notice that the plant is not grown up in big scales as the real grapes. It is disturbed by both the long growth of a tree, and small period of storage of fruits. Fruits use in preparation of jam, jam, mousse, well and, of course, wines. Also local fruit jelly which enjoys popularity at children is tasty from these fruits.
As well as many fruit, a plant has useful properties which find application in cookery, and also in traditional medicine. The dried-up fruits of a dzhabotikaba are used as dysentery and diarrhea medicine. Also it finds application at treatment of the inflamed almonds and as antiasthmatic means.