Collage, photoart, photomanipulations - in what a difference?
the Collage as a look decoratively - applied creativity, and sometimes and arts, is known since paper stopped being a jewelry and turned into a subject of daily use. With development of the photo the collage removed also to photo processing.
to give to a picture additional effect or to add a missing detail, by means of a photomontage method inserted another into one picture, sometimes using a retouch that inserted did not look alien.
Now the fotokollazhirovaniye is very popular thanks to existence of digital equipment: this type of creativity is available to everyone, having the computer and the camera now.
In what the photomontage differs from a collage? One claim that a photomontage - only a way and a method. Others consider it as the simplest form of a kollazhirovaniye. The photomontage is often applied in advertizing: in a background two or several fragments of different photos without any additional processing are pasted one. Fotomontazhem it is possible to consider gluing in of faces of the acquaintances also popular now in the well-known pictures of the last centuries or in the expropriated works of CG - artists with whose templates with in advance cut out persons the Internet fills. Here does not smell of creativity, and we will not concern an ethical aspect at all. (Fig. 1)
the Collage assumes the number of initial images from two and more (them can be so much how many random access memory will sustain) and some processing in digital editors in order that the stuck together pieces of photos looked more or less naturally. Practically each person who delivered to himself the graphic editor begins with such simple collages, using usually a photo from a family album.
Processing of a collage includes cutting the photofragments chosen for future composition, color correction, use of filters. Work in any sense creative, but a result usually has no art value: heterogeneity of the used photos is strongly felt and, as a rule, objects “are badly entered“ in a background. (Fig. 2)
the Photoart appeared relatively recently and the ART because is a kollazhirovaniye with different extent of subposing or even a dorisovka, i.e. an average between the photo and drawing carries a proud component. The photoart purpose - to create the image which cannot be seen in the nature or in life. In a photoart - pictures rules of classical painting work: breakdown according to plans, existence of air prospect, the correct distribution of lighting etc. of
Source codes for photoarts serve either own photos, or the photos taken from free and paid photodrains. Unfortunately, many authors still neglect the rights of other authors - photographers and artists, and sometimes on the Internet it is possible to see fierce fights of the offended and their supporters with thieves of their intellectual property.
Among photoactors disputes what has to be percent of dorisovka in a photoart do not stop. One consider that work as an art brush in the graphic editor has to be minimum - only as necessary: to paint over unnecessary, to add a fine detail, to trace indistinct elements of a photo or light and shadows. But here use of various filters, masks, color correction and other special effects surely. At the same time the final image has to have an appearance of the integral photo. (Fig. 3)
Others see process more widely: the big dorisovka, to 50% is possible. It means that in a photoart - work can be drawn clothes, the small character, jewelry, foliage. And, of course, phototextures in backgrounds can be used and when drawing separate pieces of work. So ready work not necessarily has to be similar to the photo.
But here some methods of work on photoarts cause the real indignation in photoactors (not beginners, and “monsters of a photoshop“ mean). It happens when someone smears the photo “finger“ of a photoshop or completely draws (covers with a brush), for example, skin of the character, calling this process drawing, and as a result receives very rough and careless imitation of drawing. Also many negatively perceive the new magic oil paint filter which well imitates drawing, relieves the author of many works and eventually cancels his status of the full creator.
There are two more concepts which cornerstone the kollazhirovaniye is.
One of them - Matta - a peynting, Matta - peynt, Mat - peynt, Matta, Mat (Matte Painting) - the most difficult type of a photoart: creation of photorealistic backgrounds (backgrounds). To Matta initially was professional art and it was used during creation of absolutely impossible landscapes in the real world for movies. And earlier backgrounds painted in oils, and now stick together from many photofragments. Now to Matta - many are fond of a peynting, but this extremely labor-consuming occupation demanding many source codes, time, random access memory of the computer and many knowledge and abilities from the artist.
Other concept - photomanipulation (photomanipulation). This term is applied generally in the English-speaking countries and unites all components of this phenomenon from a photomontage to Matta - a peynting. Thanks to such simplified approach, around photomanipulations there are no fierce disputes. And even drawing over a photo with the announcement of the end result drawing which at us is considered unworthy the true artist and is called “photofraud“ at them falls under the beautiful and roundish word “photomanipulation“.
Perhaps, in several decades clever brains will develop the theory of a photoart and will differentiate all types of these photomanipulations, but they have no still clear boundary. The phenomenon develops spontaneously and compromises often itself, thanks to a huge number of the works low-prepared both in art, and in legal relations, authors.
Whether we will live up to that time when the photoart is declared full art? It would be desirable because already now there is a set of fine works in technicians of a photoart and Matta - a peynta, worthy to be in museum expositions.