Cherimoya: let`s prepare smuz? Reorganization changed
not only a political system, but also tenor of life of the former Soviet person. Really, a lot of things changed: goods which we saw only on TV screens became available. Import captivated shelves of shops and shops became others.
there were unfamiliar products and for a short period of steel necessary so that also flavoring addictions changed. Avocado, mango, a papaya growing at the other end of the world in a diet are already more habitual, than turnip, a radish and a swede.
Every day the range of exotic products extends. The Russian esthetes and gourmets can regale on it now ekzoty as cherimoya . Whether it will be available to all - difficult to answer. A question even not in the price, and in transportation - too gentle fruit.
What is it - cherimoya? A tree from Annona family. The name came from Indian chiri - “cold“, and moya - “seed“. So Indians the Quechua called this tree which pulp is similar to ice cream.
But in the Spanish transcription the name of a plant sounds absolutely in a different way - a cold breast of the woman (seno frio de mujer) . Perhaps, the form of a fruit of a cherimoya reminded them a female breast.
Trees of this unusual fruit grow in temperate and subtropical climate, in South America and in East Asia. It is possible to meet him in Australia and Spain. Plantations of a cherimoya are in the south of Italy and on Philippines.
Of this plant began Okulturivaniye in ancient times. At excavation potter`s jewelry in which patterns it is possible to distinguish flowers and fruits of a cherimoya were found.
The plant with low-growing branches and grayish fluffy escapes is similar to a huge branchy bush. The trunk of a cherimoya can reach nine meters of height. Leaves are double-row simple, it is oval - a lantsevidny form, up to 15 centimeters long. Settle down in pairs, their surface as though is covered with a down, and the lower part - velvety.
Flowers settle down along branches on short pedicels. Structure, interesting at flowers: three external petals enough fleshy and three internal petals of the smaller size. The quantity of flowers happens different, from 1 bud sometimes appears to 3 flowers which are collected in a brush and hang down along leaves on a short scape. Coloring happens yellow or brown.
Flowers at a cherimoya - bisexual. First of all are dismissed female, and then in 36 hours there comes the time of man`s blossoming. It is necessary to notice that self-pollination at a cherimoya does not happen, gardeners apply artificial pollination. The surprising plant begins to blossom since the beginning of spring and continues prior to the beginning of summer.
Full maturing of a fruit borrows almost as much time as pregnancy at the person - nine months. Fruits of a cherimoya have the conical or heart-shaped shape, and can be weight to 3 kg. In a fruit there is a pulp kremovo - white color with a pleasant smell.
Seeds - brilliant and black, quantity - within 20 pieces, inedible. Fructification of a plant begins on the fifth year of life. Ripening, fruits exhale unusually gentle and pleasant smell. Cherimoya plantations create at this time aura of the Eden where pastures of Heaven are filled with aroma of an ambrosia.
Fruit are removed earlier, than there will come full maturing, but anyway from - for thin and a gentle skin their transportation is complicated. Period of storage - no more than eight days.
Fruits use in food without thermal treatment. It is tasty cherimoya in various fruit smuz mixes, in juice or cocktails, for example, of a daiquiri. Also extract of pulp is applied as additives in various sweets. The plant finds application and in cosmetology.
Fruits of a cherimoya contain a large amount of useful substances. It is calcium, phosphorus, glucose and sucrose, vitamins, and also organic acids. Fruit of a cherimoya not only are tasty, but also are easy in assimilation and find broad application in dietary food.
The plant is applied also in the medical purposes as in a cherimoya the substances having antibacterial effect were found. Indians do tea which improves digestion of bark and leaves and has laxative action. Do extracts which use further as natural repellents of seeds and leaves. Also cherimoya finds application as an insecticide at a pediculosis. The plant has no contraindications, except individual intolerance.