What is the tsar - a grass? Petrov a cross of
In the nature is a lot of mysterious and interesting. Here for example, Petrov a cross which very few people manage to see so seldom a plant appears on this world. Potayennitsa, or the tsar - a grass, so still call it - mysterious and surprising creation of the nature. a flower Rarity already that it has no green leaves and taste of a chlorophyll to it is unknown
. What, you see, is absolutely strange when speak about a plant. But it in any other case, only not so far as concerns the tsar - a grass. This plant belongs to a sort beskhlorofillny of Zarazikhov` family. But earlier given look was carried to Norichnikovym.
Habitat of a potayennitsa - root system of other plants. Trees, and also bushes serve as food to a surprising flower which parasitizes on them. In Russia only one view from this sort - Petrov a cross scaly grows . It is perennial with the thick rhizome reaching in the diameter up to one centimeter with a whitish shade.
The root takes root deeply into the soil where its branches covered fleshy cheshuyam form at right angle an interesting and peculiar form crosses what the flower and received such name for. Smaller roots with a thickening (suckers) depart from escapes of this rhizome. At the expense of these suckers he receives food from roots of trees and bushes.
There lives the tsar - a grass underground. On a surface appears only during blossoming. The plant in 14 - summer age blossoms. The Tsvetonosny stalk reaches 25 cm high and is covered with scaly leaves. Quite large flowers are collected in the clustery hanging inflorescence. Flowers malinovo - a lilac shade, containing in one-sided brushes nectar, which to taste to bees.
Fruits which appear from flowers - in the form of a box and with the seeds similar to poppy grains. What is interesting, one fructifying escape can bring more than 50 thousand seeds which quickly ripen a year and are showered. But after such fast blossoming the plant quits a great wild world.
Its flowers dry up, and Petrov a cross remains underground till the next period of reproduction. It appears only in the spring and that on a short interval. Besides Lathraea squamaria, such is the Latin name of this plant, is widespread not in all woods but only where his darlings an oak, a linden or a maple grow.
Petrov loves a cross and those places where the bird cherry, a filbert or an alder grows. Having disappeared from people underground, he can remind nothing of himself long time - sometimes even many years. For this potayennost and mysteriousness in olden days it was allocated with magic force. Many superstitions are connected with a plant: it was considered at sorcerers not only valuable medicine, but also a charm. Petrov`s root of a cross was advised to carry that whom life did not indulge - for attraction of good luck.
In the medical purposes Petrov the cross was used at diseases of a liver and chronic cholecystitises. It is considered that it is one of the strongest and best plants clearing and regenerating a liver. Also this plant is used in traditional medicine at gynecologic diseases.
The plant received the name for the revitalizing properties the tsar - a grass. Mentions of curative influence of a mystical plant can be found also in Mamin-Sibiryak`s work “In a bog. From the hunter`s notes“: “A grass - that?. And good grass, God`s grass... Petrov a cross is nicknamed“. The old woman brought several small stalks and gave me...“
If to you meets Petrov a cross - it is to good luck. And to trust or not - as to you it will be wished.