Canary Islands. Why they so are called?
On the coat of arms of Spain are represented the Pillars of Hercules which in ancient times the people of the Mediterranean considered as natural western border of the manned world. There, in the West, the sun sat down. There was nothing, except the terrible and dangerous desert of waters... on the coat of arms of Spain the proud motto flaunts with
A: “Plus Ultra“ - “Further a limit“, as memory of those times when the country owned the territories which are just beyond those Pillars of Hercules. And today Spain is the cultural mother country for huge Latin America lying beyond the Atlantic Ocean, almost entirely Spanish-speaking.
And so, in those proud times the ships leaving the Spanish ports to America were not developed strictly on the West that, apparently, had to reduce a way. They went several days Hugo - the western course along coast of Africa to stick to the Canary Islands. It became and to check the ship and team in business and in order that on Canary Islands to fill up stocks of food and water before long ocean transition.
Now flights are so planned for other planets. The spaceship is put at first to Earth orbit, and from there he already “jumps“ in interplanetary space. Thus, the Canary Islands were several centuries something like present space station: around already the ocean, but all this near the reliable land.
Today from it first of all numerous tourists “go bananas“. The Canary Islands now - the popular resort which is in the African latitudes, but with service of the European class. It is pleasant to luxuriate in the pool and to examine the Atlantic Ocean leaving to the horizon through its side. It is pleasant to live in the five-stars hotel surrounded with the black rocks reminding that here the terrible volcano was once thrown up.
The Canary Islands - a volcanic origin, and on the island Palma still exists an active volcano. Volcanists claim that it is in the sleeping state, but here if suddenly wakes up - will not seem to anybody, even far America a little. Eruption and the earthquake accompanying it will cause a tsunami thirty meters high wave which, moving almost with a plane speed, in eight hours will cover East coast of the USA.
And still here it is pleasant to feel thrown at the end of the earth. The Canary Islands belonging to Spain - the most western point of the European Union. And the most western point on Canary Islands - the western coast of the island of Iyerro. In principle, exactly here it was necessary to erect some triumphal, perhaps, arch, and on it to write capital letters of “Plus Ultra“.
Still ancient Romans knew about existence of these islands. They gave them the name “Canariae Insulae“ - “Dog islands“. Dogs were found much here, and dogs were big. About it the Roman writer Pliny Sr. (Plinius Maior) (23 - 79) in the book “Natural History“ wrote. However, Pliny did not visit the Canary Islands, but he refers to certificates of the Mauritian king Yuby of II (52 BC - 23) who made here expedition and dogs from here, really, brought.
So the Canary Islands are called on dogs, and here little birdies who were found in a set here, called already on islands “canaries“.
Canaries are local, island, breed of vyyurok, distant relatives of sparrows and siskins. In 16 - m a century Spaniards began to take out them from the island and to sell: birdies beautifully sang. Some time of a canary were strategic goods. That they did not breed, sold only males. Even the name of birds was secreted, said that they are brought from South America. But sewed in a bag, and - you will not conceal a canary on Canary Islands. Birdies extended across all Europe and turned into pets soon. By the way, a canary - one of pets who were taken for an example by Darwin, arguing on an origin of species.
Selection of canaries was carried out in two directions at once. In - the first, changed color of plumage from initial it is green - brown so brightly - yellow which we call “canary“ now. And in - the second, more singing, more sonorous breeds removed. It is interesting that an exterior of canaries, generally were engaged in “thoughtless“ France, and, so to speak, by internal contents - in “thorough“ to Germany and in Tyrol.
Nobody managed to bring a blue canary still. The name is wide the known song of “Blue Canary“ it is necessary to translate as “A sad canary“. The English word “blue“ has also such value.
In Russia before revolution of canaries loved and willingly bought for fun and a cosiness in the house. And after revolution the yellow singing birdie together with a harmless geranium (by the way, a quite good folk remedy from pathogenic microbes and mosquitoes in the house) was accused of narrow-mindedness. The proletarian poet pronounced it a severe sentence:
To canaries curtail rather
of the head -
was not beaten by canaries!
Then immediately presented to favourite Lilya Brik a cage with a canary. For fun and a cosiness in the house as it was already told.
In 16 - m a century of a canary from the Canary Islands “flew“ to Europe. And in an opposite direction, to South America, from here almost at the same time the sugar cane “started“. The matter is that the homeland of this useful plant - Hugo - East Asia and India. In 12 - m a century it appeared in Europe. Here it was delivered by Arabs and began to grow up in Egypt. Spaniards found, as on Canary Islands this plant gets accustomed very well. So by the time of Columbus`s expeditions to the newfound countries was what to take out.