Rus Articles Journal

Whether the prince Olgerd Litovsky an aggressor and the apostate was?

the Russian classical history divides Russia the 14th century into two parts: on Severo - East and Western. In the 14th century in Russia two political centers around which process of collecting of Russian lands begins are formed.

On Severo - the East is Moscow, the Moscow Russia, and in the West - Vilno, the Lithuanian Russia. Already at Gedimin Litovsk the Russian areas made more than two thirds of all territory of Litovsky of the state. Approximately since the same time the Lithuanian princes begin to carry a title of grand dukes Lithuanian, Zemaitija and Russian.

Though Gedimin died the pagan, he did not oppose to acceptance by his children of orthodox belief. Russian and orthodox belief was a basis INCL. there were serious prerequisites to transformation of Lithuania in russko - the Lithuanian state. The union of Lithuania with Poland broke this process - Catholicism and the Polish orders began to get into Lithuania strenuously.

The Lublin union of 1569 which connected Poland and Lithuania to one state turned dispute for Russian lands between Moscow and Vilno from russko - Lithuanian in russko - Polish. According to this union, the earth of the southern part of VKL got directly under the power of the Polish crown. Except political split, there was a split and church - the Brest union subordinated part of Orthodox churches to the Pope. In spite of the fact that Moscow in the 14th century was rather modest principality, and the Lithuanian Russia was already large state, dispute between Vilno and Moscow came to the end with a victory of Moscow.

There passed years. In 1862 in honor of thousand-year anniversary of legendary calling of Varangians to Russia in Veliky Novgorod the monument - a monument “the Millennium of Russia“ was erected. On the lower tier of a monument it is possible to see sculptures of people which left the mark in the history of Russia. Among them there are also Lithuanian princes Gedimin, Dovmont, Olgerd, Keystut, Vitovt - that is the Russian pre-revolutionary history recognized a contribution of the Lithuanian princes to preservation and development of the Russian originality.

As for the prince Olgerd, he was married to the daughter of the Vitebsk prince and before becoming the grand duke Litovsky, was some time the Vitebsk prince. Considering this fact, it appears, it is possible to understand those residents of Vitebsk who wished to put a monument to the prince Olgerd. It is much more difficult to understand a position of their opponents.

Olgerd Litovsky`s opponents addressed with the open letter Alexander Lukashenko. In the letter with which text it is possible to get acquainted on REGNUM news agency, the following is said, in particular.

“Dear Alexander Grigoryevich!

We address you as citizens of Republic of Belarus, representatives of various public organizations. We are concerned by plans of installation in the city of Vitebsk of a monument to the Lithuanian prince Olgerd. Olgerd has no relation to the Belarusian people. He is an aggressor and the apostate, and also the aggressor who was incessantly at war with all neighbors, destroying the cities and killing civilians. As the cruel villain of Russia is memorable he in the Russian history. The bad terrible mark was left by Olgerd and in the history of Christianity, the orthodox church reveres memory (on April 27) of Saint martyrs Lithuanian, subjected to painful death on his order“.

Who a little - malsk knows history of the Lithuanian Russia, that can come only to one conclusion: “citizens of Republic of Belarus, representatives of various public organizations“ who addressed with the open letter the president of the Republic a harm know both history of Belarus, and history of Russia.

It is possible to agree with authors of the letter that “Olgerd has no relation to the Belarusian people“. It is possible to agree, at least because the Lithuanian Russia at the time of the prince Olgerd did not know still Belarusians and Ukrainians - disintegration of Russians of Lithuania will happen later.

And here it is a shame to modern representatives of the Belarusian people not to know that the prince Olgerd, “the aggressor and the apostate“, in fight at Blue Waters won from Tatars Kiev and Podoliya, and Poles have a part of Volhynia.

And on what basis it is possible to declare the prince Olgerd the apostate? At the most critical attitude towards the Lithuanian prince he cannot be accused of abuses in relation to the church power. Let`s remember how the Moscow prince Dmitry Donskoy with the metropolitan Kiprian abruptly managed, trying to put the metropolitan of the protege Mityaya.

If defenders of belief orthodox are busy with search of apostates, then it is possible to offer for this role not of the prince Olgerd Litovsky, and the tsar Ivan the Terrible by order of whom the metropolitan Philip, the tsar Alexey Mikhaylovich who for the sake of strengthening of the power split the Russian church, or the tsar Peter I who abolished patriarchate was killed.

Undoubtedly, everyone has the right to argue the point of view on any question. If authors of the letter consider that the prince Olgerd Litovsky does not deserve that in Vitebsk the monument was established to it, then they should defend the position convincing arguments, but not ridiculous, unfounded accusations.

Not to see anything positive in Olgerd Litovsky`s activity - means to distort the historical truth.