What we will make a fence? Of course, live!
Of such time when on a site the fence is not necessary, are worth dreaming while realities are that that it is necessary. But how to make that the fence was esthetic and at the same time did not shade either a kitchen garden, or the yard?
Such questions often nonplus many gardeners. To build a stone Chinese wall that curious neighbors, God forbid, did not see unprecedented harvests? Or perhaps to put up the forged iron fence - top of forge art. Or a wooden shtaketnik - cheap but good.
Options set. But maybe, in the beginning to take the calculator and to consider in what the Chinese wall or forge art will manage. The cheapest option - a grid - the chain-link, but not the most interesting. There is one - a green hedge, beautiful and unusual.
The first mentions of similar landscape gardening are dated the eighteenth century, with origin of park art and landscape dendrology in France. But only royal persons or eminent land owners were able to afford such landscape.
Fences from plants were not only are beautiful and original, but also besides are more thorough and reliable. But to receive beautifully growing green hedge, it is necessary to arrange correctly it and to put competently. Only such approach allows to create interesting design and a strong fencing from uninvited guests.
What is understood as the word “green hedge“? This same protection, only instead of bricks or boards plants which density and prickles do not give the chance to pass through it act here. Such bushes or trees sit down on one line at small distance from each other. Height of similar plantings can be different, from the lowest - meter or a little more, to two meters and above. In a form such protection happens as growing freely, and created (cut).
Generally subject to formation of krone low plants. Bushes more than a meter cut off less often also above. But and impregnable the fencings growing on lanes are considered durable. Such protections are created when merging branches of trees or bushes.
How “to build“ a live fence? To make such fence, it is necessary to pave the way in advance. If in the fall, then after leaves begin to turn yellow.
In that place where you defined an arrangement of future fencing, it is necessary to pull a rope or a cord on length of the area of a fence and to dig out a trench, commensurating flatness in the area of a cord.
If plants more adult or large land, the landing hole becomes for each bush separately. The area of a hole for landing depends on the size of a plant and its age.
If small bushes land, then for landings do trenches which depth is in range of 50-60 cm. Depending on that how many ranks and what plant is chosen for landings - undersized, high or average height, choose width for a landing hole.
But in most cases for single-row it is 50-70 cm, for two-row there can be 70 - 80 cm, for three-row to reach meter. When plant bushes in two ranks, apply a chess order, and - sit down in three the five.
So, for example, if plant a tall bush, it can be a hawthorn prickly, the sucker narrow-leaved, Derain krovavo - red or a lilac, then single-row planting of plants is applied. The trench for these bushes can be made from 60 to 80 cm of Distance wide between plants within one meter.
When planting srednerosly plants, such as plum prickly or Derain white, an aroniya black-fruited or a barberry Amur and others, the live fence is created both in one row, and in two. At the second option the distance between bushes is done in 1 meter, and between ranks of 40-60 cm.
If undersized plants, such as a kizilnik or Tunberg`s barberry, and also a silverweed shrubby or a dogrose of daurskiya land, then when landings in 1 row do an interval between bushes in 50 cm, at two-row or three-row landing - distance between bushes in 25-40 cm, and between ranks of 30-40 cm
Having dug out a trench, fill it in such sequence: in the beginning there is a dug-out top layer of the earth, then mix from 2 parts of compost, humus, 1 part of black peat, 1 part of river sand and 100 grams of superphosphate on 1 sq.m. Saplings need to be planted to the damp soil. After landing and watering the earth needs to be zamulchirovat.
Especially dense fencings are created in the shpalerny way which differs in a sgushchennost and fortress. “To build“ this fence, it is necessary to plant wood plants which can easily grow together with branches. Such bushes cut or at once at disembarkation, or the next year. Leave only hemp up to ten centimeters high.
Then when on penka the young growth appears, choose the strongest escapes, not Bol of two, the others bend at an angle, somewhere degrees in 45 degrees, and connect with branches of the next trees. Bark needs to be cut in the place where they adjoin. Tops of branches above their connection need to be cut off. For the second spring the similar method is applied to the following grown strong escapes. Thus, the live fundamental fencing turns out after a while.
The green hedge requires attention. In the first year this loosening and weeding, regular watering. Further the basic - a hairstyle which can include not only simple “Canadian“ or under a hedgehog, but also figured, with creation of various architectural forms.
But it is necessary to consider that not all trees need to be cut. So, for example, the pine from a hairstyle dries. Various bushes are pliable under a hairstyle. Cut plants in the fall after a leaf fall, it is possible also in the summer at the beginning of June. Collect fallen leaves in compost and subsequently do by this compost top dressing.
Following these simple rules, it is possible to grow up a beautiful decorative fence which not only will be protection against uninvited guests, but also will please you with the appearance.