Kilt: clothes for the real man?
Each country are associated with any image. At the word “Scotland“ Walter Scott`s books, mountains in fog and, of course, a kilt are remembered. Because without this eclectic subject it is impossible to imagine the Scot though in modern Glasgow kilts meet also seldom, as well as in Moscow on the Arbat.
For people, far from Scotland, the kilt designates the elementary subject - a skirt. And the Scot in a kilt - the man in a skirt. And though on appearance a skirt and a kilt same, that on value absolutely different concepts. The kilt cannot be considered as an article of clothing. It is first of all one of symbols of military valor of mountaineers of Scotland.
The first mention of kilts is dated the fourteenth century. Kilts carried men of mountain settlements in those days. Sometimes in modern magazines it is possible to read that the kilt was invented because trousers for mountaineers were inconvenient clothes. Let`s tell - a little strange statement.
As we know, trousers in modern interpretation appeared much later, than a kilt. If to consider that mountaineers had so-called fashionable trousers of the fourteenth century hardly in the course, it is possible to draw a conclusion: the kilt was convenient as the clothes capable in cold nights to be used in the form of a plaid. Especially, the sizes of a big kilt just for this purpose also intended.
Two types of a kilt are known. The first - “ big “ - can call a parent type of a kilt. In modern Scotland it is not used from - for the bulkiness. The big kilt (it is similar to a toga of the ancient Roman) was the size from a neck and to knees. Its clothing turned into ritual.
Honor a cut with width in two meters, length also was rather big, stretched on the earth. Width for hips was measured, all the rest cleaned up in folds. Further the belt was enclosed. Lying on fabric, mountaineers were wrapped in this material, fixing an attire by a belt. Then there was a drapery, drawing of the rest of fabric through a shoulder on a breast then fixing with buckles. As we see, a convenient dress code such kilt to call difficult.
Emergence small a kilt in a national attire of mountaineers from Scotland is attributed to Englishman Rolinson who, being the managing director on steel foundry in Lokhabere in 1725, suggested to simplify this bulky type of clothes, having left only the lower, more convenient part. So there was a small kilt which in such look reached up to now.
Long woolen socks which were both one-color, and checkered went indispensable attributes in addition to a kilt. Traditionally they were without the top elastic band and kept thanks to garters with brushes. Under socks the dagger was thrust (dirk or sgian dubh).
On a belt of a kilt the burse from fur which is turned out by wool outside was hung sporran. Sporran rushed only in front that wind could not show what cannot be shown in decent society. The kilt without sporrran is considered as well as an unbuttoned fly at trousers.
A kilt - not just a piece of men`s national wear of the Scot. It is similar to a badge of the gentleman who finished Oxford. The kilt indicated belonging to the clan, and clans in Scotland attached huge significance. Fabric which was used for a kilt was called tartane. Russia calls such fabric the Scotswoman.
Tartane means color of the district in translation from Gaelic. The material made of hair of sheep was painted special dyes from vegetation of that look which grew in this region. That is the coloring of fabric depended on those species of plants which grew in this territory.
Recognized by a coloring of tartane to what clan who belonged. But color indicated not only the Scot`s origin, as well as the status. The amount of colors on fabric spoke about the status of the soldier - the mountaineer. The coloring of a kilt helped to define during fights who his owner and from where.
Even according to Scott`s books it is possible to judge what wars went in Scotland for the earth: association in patrimonial clans helped to survive with severe conditions. So there were powerful clans Makdonaldov, Maklugallov, Kemerunov who had distinctive signs: the color of a kilt and beret. So, for example, Makdugala decorated berets with flowers of a heather. Kembella carried the berets decorated with a white myrtle.
There were times when carrying a kilt was considered beyond the law. So, in 1746 the decree of the queen of Britain forbade Gaelic, carrying a kilt and playing a bagpipe. Such draconian measures were taken after Scotland lost independence, and only carrying national men`s wear was authorized to 1782.
In the modern world the kilt most often is attribute of events which are held in connection with celebration of this or that date and as a fashionable detail for some stars of show - business. The famous public figures are not indifferent to this symbol too. For example, prince Charles Uelsky likes to carry a kilt, and it has a big collection of such clothes. Sean Connery who has a collection not less looks in a kilt very much even organically!