Rus Articles Journal

Who became the second to “great blind people“ after Ray Charlz? To birthday of Stevie Wonder

1976 at a Grammy Award ceremony did not have one of winners - it was then in Africa. Tried to establish connection with the help of the satellite with it, but the signal was bad, the image all the time vanished, and the leader asked: “You well see us?“. Then terribly was confused because on that end of a wire was... Stevie Wonder. Stevie Wonder - the second “the great blind person“ American the priest - music after Ray Charlz - was born

on May 13, 1950, and then it called Stevie Hardeuey Dzhadkins. Unlike Ray Charlz the boy lost sight still newborn - from - for a medical error, being in a chamber for premature. But, thanks to mother, always treated this fact philosophically.
was Sometimes created feeling that Stevie`s blindness, strained people around more, than him. Without distinguishing night and day, he lived on the biological rhythms and could call 4 mornings to the bass player with words: “Come to register“. Wonder was distinguished in general by excessive spontaneity and not punctuality. So once during a recording of the album it left studio with the words “I Will Be Soon“ and... to depart to Africa for the whole six weeks!

Stevie Wonder:

“It is silly to b to take offense at destiny, to ache silly, and is even sillier - to feel sorry for itself. Just forget that your eyes are not seen, and live as all - only much better, much more interestingly“.

I, really, Stevie`s destiny developed as it is impossible successfully. The talented black to the boy with voice almost in 4 octaves who is perfectly playing the piano and a harmonica was noticed very early. The director of Mottown Records Berri Gordi, having heard Stevie, exclaimed: “Yes you simply small miracle!“. And in eleven years “the small miracle of Stevie“ (“Little Stevie Wander“) concludes the first contract with firm of a sound recording. On its conditions all earned money developed on the special bank account before majority.

The boy justified the pseudonym, having written down the first hit “Fingertips (pt 2)“ in 13 years, and in a year one more - “Uptight“ then cast away the little prefix and became just Stevie Wonder.
Quite often happens that little geniuses, growing up, cease to seem so ingenious. Stevie, on the contrary, had everything ahead. Besides, the boy began to show teeth gradually. In 1971 he wrote down the first solo performance with the name “Where I`m Coming From“ (“From where I“) which he explained to the bosses so: “When I will be 21 years old, I am going to take the career under control. It seems to me, you not very well know me and badly represent from where I came“.

As it became clear, the young man did not joke. Having become full age, he really terminated the contract with Mottown that soon... to renew it on the most favorable to itself conditions (complete control over creativity and the rights for the songs). The company can be understood - if for the previous merits Wonder earned one million dollars, then Mottown had not less than 30 million.

Since 1972 to the end of decade there comes “the gold era“ of Stevie Wonder. It just gushes forth ideas and melodies. So in 1972 Wonder lets out the whole two albums, the most successful of which is “Talking Book“. The album included two future “masterpieces“. The first - the beautiful gentle ballad - “You Are The Sunshine Of My Life“ (“You are a sunlight of my life“) in which we can fully enjoy a soft plastic vocal of Wonder. They say that he devoted the song to Sayrita Wright - the colleague, and also the first and only wife.
Should tell that the young man married very early - in 20 years - and as it became clear, it was not adapted for family life. It changed to the right and on the left, at the same time did it not only with women, but also page. synthesizer. Sayrit`s
remembered how after the first marriage night, Stevie, without having told words, rushed to keys, having explained: “Darling synthesizer to me as family! As I can not share the impressions with it!“ .
as a result told “the sun of his life“: “I always live in your shadow“ and in two years divorced (however, the former spouses remained friends).

From affairs warm we will pass to affairs spiritual because the song “Superstition“ (“Superstition“) in which Wonder draws a sharp distinction between religious belief and superstitions became the second hit of 1972 (like number 13 or the broken mirror). Not without reason, if you hear it in some movie, know that it sounds not just like that.

Very superstitiously: inscriptions on a wall.
is Very superstitious: the ladders ready to fail,
the Thirteen-monthly child, the broken mirror,
Seven years of a grief, happiness behind.

If to believe in what you do not understand, not to avoid
of Sufferings,
Superstition not an exit.
First the song was planned by

for the great guitarist Jeff Beck - as if in gratitude for his guitar passages on Wonder`s album. Core of “Superstition“ became infectious it is funk - a cancer riff - one of the most known riffs in fate - music (in particular, it inspired LED ZEPPELIN on the song “Trampled Underfoot“). At first Wonder strummed it on a clarinet, and then went - went...

Stevie Wonder: “I began
with party of percussions. I thought over bit and Groove. I adjusted myself all the time, but it corresponded to mood of a song. It was written for only one night“.

the Song appeared so excellent that Stevie Wonder violated the promise and published the song in the execution. As a result of “Superstition“ became the first hit No. 1 in solo career of the musician.
Jeff Beck too released the version the song (and it must be said, superb) under the name of BECK BOGERT & APPICE, but it, for obvious reasons, was not especially noticed.
B 1986 the guitarist Stevie Ray Vaughan will release one more successful Superstition version, having accompanied it with the ridiculous clip with black cats, horseshoes and “Friday 13“.

It should be noted that Wonder was so tired in 1960 - e of a sweetish sound of Mottown that after leaving in solo swimming began to add more fatal rigidity to the melodious songs, than drew attention to itself and white audience.
Plus to it, Stevie became, whether slightly, not the first black musician who began to use a synthesizer for writing of songs. Thanks to a synthesizer, the musician could play almost all games of tools on an album that, actually, and did.

And meanwhile Wonder`s glory grew and was swollen out. For an album of 1972 it snipped off three “Grammies“ further at once we will not write about “Grammy“. Let`s tell only that Stevie is the absolute champion on these awards - them at him seventeen! Not without reason in 1975 Paul Simon, receiving “Grammy“ for the best album, playfully thanked Wonder for the fact that that did not let out a plate this year.

In what Wonder was engaged at this time? About it in the following article.