Barrow. What for a monument it is established at two stations?Why at two? Well, here everything is simple. Railway and bus station in Kurgan - near, a stone`s throw away from each other. If to leave the first on the right, then the second will be directly before us, it is necessary to pass only a little forward.
And so, to the right of the railway station - it turns out, between it and slightly escaped forward bus, there is a monument - the FD series engine, serial number 20 - 2697. Therefore, apparently, the answer both to the first, and to the second question which is taken out in article heading - is elementary. What to think here?! The monument to the Soviet main engine of the FD series No. 20 - 2697, made in 1939 at Voroshilovgrad engine-building plant by it is on the station square of Kurgan. October revolution (former plant of Gustav Gartman).
So - that it is so. Yes not absolutely. If to take a detached view of a monument of bus station, then on its tender it is possible to see a gold star of the Hero and under it the memorial plate. Let`s ascend on steps to the podium, we will approach closer the engine and we will read - what on it? “The decree of Presidium of the Supreme Council of the USSR of November 5, 1943 about assignment of a rank of “The hero of Socialist work“ to the driver of the engine Blinov I. P.“.
After the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, despite prompt advance German - fascist troops far inland, the most part of FD engines managed to be evacuated to the Urals. And not only those that already worked at the most different railroads, but also still being in process of production. Four such engines arrived on the engine - repair plant in the Uhlan - Ude. Therefore the overwhelming part was made of all 3213 engines of the FD series constructed from 1931 for 1942 in Luhansk, and only these, four evacuated, are registered for the Uhlan - Udensky of the engine - repair.
It is natural that on the East of the train left under bombardments and firings. Therefore many of the evacuated locomotives, in a varying degree, needed under repair. Restored the damaged engines already in locomotive depots of South Ural and Siberia. And after restoration they were started in work.
FD was not just one of the most powerful serial Soviet engines. Among all main cargo locomotives it had the highest force of draft. Together with engines on the East also the defensive industry “left“. While the main consumer of its production (front) remained in the West, beyond the Urals. Respectively, before transport workers there was a task - to throw arms, ammunition and other military freights from the East on the West. Quicker. And there is as much as possible.
Therefore the initiative which was initially sounded by the Kurgan driver Ivan Blinov - full use of opportunities of FD for driving of heavy structures at simultaneous economy of fuel and increase in commercial speed - was picked up by all locomotive crews driving trains of this series. And through the Urals, on the East, echelons with a lump of 4 - 5 thousand tons went. At norm is 2 - 2,5 times less! Thanks to Blinov`s initiative only in 1943 of one It is southern - to the Ural railroad on the East 9 thousand heavy structures left. 7 million were transported (!) tons of freights.
And though by the first the heavy structure through the Urals was carried out by the Zlatoust driver M. Kupriyanov, considering importance of an initiative of Ivan Blinov, to it the rank of the Hero Sotsialistichesky Trud was given. Pay attention - the Hero Trud. And it - in a wartime. The decree - that … Of November 5, 1943!
But this monument - not only to the concrete engine and the specific driver who once drove it on steel highways It is southern - Uralskaya Road.
Pay attention: when we ascend on a low short flight of stairs to the podium on which FD20 - 2697 is established, to the right of it - the memorial plate duplicated on the tender of the engine from the railway station. On it an inscription: “In honor of dedicated work of Kurgan railroad workers in days of the Great Patriotic War and peaceful construction“.
It turns out that Kurgan stations have a monument not only to the concrete engine and its driver. This engine - in honor of all railroad workers. And in my opinion, not only Kurgan. Not just like that this monument is established and open on August 1, 1980. And year, in this case, not so is also important. More significant day and month of installation. Since 1940 all railroad workers of the country celebrate the professional holiday every first Sunday of August.
All railroad workers. Therefore also a monument in Kurgan - to all of them. And to all 3213 engines of the FD series, regardless of where they were built. In Voroshilovgrad or in the Uhlan - Uda.
FD - Felix Dzerzhinsky. The engine received the name thanks to shock crew of spool-type drafts and pendulums of Voroshilovgrad engine-building plant (foreman Shugayev) which in October, 1931. when construction of the first engine of a series approached end and there was poll how to call it, made this proposal - to name locomotives to a series “one of the best people`s commissars of means of communication, the faithful sentry of the proletarian country, iron Felix Dzerzhinsky“.
Interesting it was time. Time when the country created the industry. And under it built the first engines. Which in many respects outstripped even that in every respect prompt time, and together with it and technical capabilities of the railroads of that period. But I will tell about it as - nibud another time. In details and in detail. And now … We not completely answered
the second component of a question that in heading - “to whom?“. Therefore again we will return to a Kurgan monument. Also we will attentively take a detached view of it the railway station. Here, at the tender, is more left than a memorial plate “In honor of dedicated work“... You see? The high stylized concrete kilometer column with figure “354“. Why it - explain the plate slightly below it on which the scheme of a railway line Miass-Kurgan-Vladivostok, and a vertical inscription on the column: from top to down, red letters - “Trans-Siberian Railway“. And in addition, on the scheme, at names of the cities, - too figures: “Barrow - 354 km“, “Vladivostok - 7112 km“.
Respectively, it turns out that a monument at two Kurgan stations to not just concrete FD20 engine - 2697 and to his driver - to Sotsialistichesky`s Hero of Trud Ivan Blinov. And not only to all Soviet (Russian) railroad workers, as well as the depersonalized main cargo engine of the FD series. It also monument to one of stations of the Trans-Siberian Railway. That that lies on it 354 - m kilometer. Monument to station Kurgan.
Here such many-sided and versatile monument was established on August 1, 1980 on one of squares of the city Kurgan, near its railway and bus stations. It and now there costs. But thanks to my Kurgan friends to see it personally, it is not obligatory to go to the Urals.