As well as than there lives St. Petersburg? The pure supply and branch “used“
by Davny - long ago, are a lot of years ago our ancestors living outdoors saw water from a source, from a well or in general - from the small river flowing a row. Quality of a source of water defined an opportunity or impossibility to lodge in this place. over time the cities began to put
in “strategically important points of the district“, and water there often should be brought from far away.
In any fantasies - novels and in works of the historians or writers writing on historical subjects whenever possible bypass subjects, for example, absence in the cities of the Middle Ages of the sewerage - when each citizen, miles sorry, did in a pot then splashed out contents from a window on the street. I dare to assume that such act, most likely, all - was violation of rules of that time of hygiene. I believe that pots demanded to pour out in special ditches... And when there was a rain, ditches were a little cleared. The medieval cities, thus, were the center of improbable insanitary conditions, as was confirmed by frequent epidemics with terrible mortality.
And as all this had to smell... You will tell - the old past? Allow not to agree - in Asian part of the city of Istanbul still in rather “decent“ areas take place to be small rivers - skunks where the sewerage from quite itself multi-storey buildings directly flows down. And these “small rivers“ directly flow into the Sea of Marmara. And the characteristic smell on the embankment is caught only where “small river“ flows into the sea, well and still meters on 10-20 in both parties.
Supply of water in St. Petersburg
was the water truck with a water carrier In the beginning. The water carrier was a person, and the water truck was the vehicle for transportation of drinking water. Water was in barrels. Took it either from Neva, or from other rivulets and channels. If took from Neva - poured in barrels of white color, water was considered drinking. From rivulets and canals poured in barrels of yellow color, this water intended for economic needs. So proceeded to the middle of the 19th century.
In 1846 the first attempt to build a water supply system in St. Petersburg was made. The steam-engine pumped up water from Neva in a water tower. There was it near that place where now to Neva there is Chernyshevsky Avenue and where then there was floating Voznesensky Bridge. The car was weak, pipes was laid a little, the number of consumers was small, the enterprise left unprofitable and was ruined.
In 1855 in St. Petersburg the joint-stock company of Sankt - the St. Petersburg water supply systems“ was created “. A great job was done, water pipes reached total length over 100 km. The first water supply system covered only houses of the central part of the city, but already in 70 - e years by an example of this successful project were organized water supply systems on Vasilyevsky Island and on the Vyborg party. The foundation was laid, and since then the system only grew and was improved. So, in 80 - e years of the 19th century for the first time began to filter the water pumped from Neva somehow.
the Sewerage of St. Petersburg
Of course, on streets of the capital of Russia from a window did not splash out pots. In each house of St. Petersburg there was a cesspool which contents goldsmiths took out through certain periods. Took out in the barrels, took out them out of borders of St. Petersburg - and sold valuable organic fertilizer to gardeners. Valuable fertilizer allowed to increase strongly production of vegetables for petreburzhets. The organization of export of contents of cesspools lay on house owners.
Since an era of the empress Catherine II, since 1770 in St. Petersburg construction of underground pipes for the sewerage began. Dli storm sewerages. For removal of rain water, and only. By 1834 underground pipes of the stormwater drainage system 95 km were laid even. It is clear, that only the center was captured by it.
Over time underground sewer pipes covered all new and new districts of the city - and it is clear that when in the city there was a water supply system, and in houses - water closets, volume of sewer drains increased many times over. Many house owners “podpolno“ brought drains out of the houses in the stormwater drainage system which was not adapted for sewer drains and often was hammered with them. Often sewer pipes from houses on embankments just went to the rivers and canals of the capital, turning Bypass, Fontanka, Moika, the Buckle and the others into sewerage collectors.
Projects “normal“ (in understanding of modern people) sewerages till 1917 were not realized. World War I, then Civil, then disorder of “military communism“ - many years nobody was engaged in sewerage pipes. On city streets numerous failures appeared. Yes, - “there“.
The flood of 1924 brought the contribution, considerably having destroyed pavements and having increased quantity of failures on streets. After that, at last, were engaged in the sewerage closely and seriously. Construction lasted more than 10 years, but by the end 30 - x years the real sewerage in Leningrad was constructed. Though the part of suburbs still needed cesspool wagon trains.
After war, since 1947, complex work on full coverage of all houses of Leningrad by system of the sewerage began. And this work was finished even in 60 - x years.
And if to speak about treatment facilities - their absence led even to diplomatic complications. Finland complained that even its part of the Gulf of Finland is reached by the water poisoned with drains of Leningrad. Perhaps, it forced the authorities of the country of that time to allocate money for construction of treatment facilities.
The power was replaced, Leningrad returned the old name. But only recently representatives of the organizations which are engaged in drains and their cleaning reported that drains of St. Petersburg are cleared completely.