What the general at cha, te and herbata? Whether
Thought you sometime that such known and ordinary drink as tea once was the privilege of high-native misters? What were its separate grades so expensive that were called “green gold“? Tea was worshipped, animated it and idolized. Devoted it special ceremonies, composed poems in his honor... More than five millennia of people grow up
and uses this surprising evergreen plant - Camellia sinensis.
The homeland of a tea tree (bush) is China. Exactly there historically there were all conditions - favorable temperature condition, humidity, solar lighting which allowed this whimsical plant to raise and prosper up to today.
There are many legends narrating about how who and when for the first time used tea-plant leaves for preparation of the broth which gained the world recognition. One of the main legends says that the Chinese emperor Sheen Non (or Nong), having a rest outdoors, saw in a vessel with water incidentally got bush leaves. The turned-out infusion had very pleasant aroma and taste. Perhaps, it also was the first historical tasting of tea. At least, this emperor was entitled “the father of tea“.
History of an origin of the word “tea“ is interesting. In China there are two definitions of this plant and, respectively, drink - “÷à“ and “̣ư“. However, familiarly sounds? And so, North - the Chinese pronunciation “÷à“ gave a basis to the Russian name - “tea“. It is southern - Chinese “̣ư“ found compliance in English - tea, French - the, German - Ty. Proceeding from it, it is possible to assume that for the first time the tea delivered to the Moscow imperial yard was from the northern provinces of China. To Europe the first tea came from the southern regions, from here and its name.
And here in Poland tea drink long did not get accustomed. It was used only as medicine and sold in a drugstore. From here and “herbata“ - a grass. And though today Poles also drink tea any more not as medicine, definition it remained in their language.
Since 9th century tea began to spread out of borders of China. At first it got to Japan and Tibet where became cult drink, was used in ceremonial meditations. And today in these countries tea drinking represents the whole procedure. In special tea lodges experts on tea gather, arrange competitions. Ritual of a zavarivaniye of tea includes a set of conditions. It both special ware, and certain temperature, and water origin... Tea is not drunk on the run, enjoy it and listen to it as to the living being.
On one of versions, in Russia tea appeared in the 16th century thanks to Cossacks. On another - in the 17th century when presented to the tsar Mikhail Fedorovich tea as a gift from the Mongolian khan. Since the same time tea begins to win and European the countries. Especially British were fond of this drink. There consumption of tea became so popular that the British treasury literally became empty - all silver flowed away to China. Attempts to grow up tea in own colonies (in the same India) were, at first sight, successful. However the grown-up tea strongly differed from Chinese. It did not have that a subtlety, that set of properties that it is characteristic of the tea which is grown up in China. For this reason among true admirers of tea and today there is an opinion that there is a tea Chinese and all others.
In the beginning Europe and Russia learned taste of green tea. However, having compared it with black which Chinese soon began to sell too, Europeans made a choice for the last.
Today the set of grades and types of tea is known. Depending on a way of fermentation there are teas: white, yellow, red, black. Each of them is in own way useful and tasty. There are teas which are available only to a small number of fans also today. For example, yellow tea. It grows only in one province of China, for it collect absolutely young leaflets, almost semi-dismissed kidneys. This type of tea long time was forbidden to export from China on pain of execution. Only in the 19th its century began to sell to Russia. Payment was taken only sable fur. Also this tea only to the imperial yard was delivered.
Curative properties of tea are well-known. The nature rationally connected in tea many useful substances (caffeine, essential oils, tannins) with which its action is connected. Tea possesses vitamin activity and bactericidal properties. Strong black tea stimulates work of a brain, takes off fatigue. In Central Asia well know that green tea is capable to suppress intestinal infections. Tea - good adsorbent, it collects radionuclides, heavy metals and brings them out of an organism. At cold all of us drink hot tea with honey or raspberry and on ourselves we feel its salutary effect.
The modern technology of a zavarivaniye of tea , of course, does not meet all requirements which are imposed to this business by true masters of tea traditions. However as one of the options yielding good result it is possible to recommend the next way. All process of a zavarivaniye is aimed at detection of natural aroma and taste of tea and receiving from rather small amount of dry tea of strong and dense infusion. For this purpose it is necessary to adhere to a number of rules:
Tea should be made after water violently begins to boil, but long boiling is inadmissible. Also the tea zavarivaniye is not allowed by water of repeated boiling.
Before a zavarivaniye needs to rinse a teapot with boiled water.
Calculation of dry tea - a teaspoon on a floor - water liter.
needs to take the teapot which is Filled in with boiled water 3 - 5 minutes near heat or to drench from above with boiled water and to cover with the napkin put four times.
I still. In a case the thesis that the best water - spring artesian or well does not work with a zavarivaniye of tea. The matter is that water from these sources is more saturated salts that prevents tea to disclose the qualities completely. Therefore even tap water, but surely otstoyanny, will be more preferable here.