What is a western in Italian?
of Spaghetti - a western - such scornful name was given by Americans, adherents of classical westerns, to the movies about the Wild West shot in Italy. And they were not mistaken in the sense that this category of movies became as if a genre subgenre a western with the essential features and differences. Everything began
in 1964 when overflowed razvlekatelno - the adventure film market of Italy movies in a genre peplum (about an antique story or about mythical heroes) bored and ceased to satisfy the mass viewer. And here then to nobody the famous director Sergio Leon who removed 2 peplum suggested the viewer to be had from antique times to boundless prairies of the Wild West, having removed the first spaghetti - a western “For a handful of dollars“ with even a little famous Clint Eastwood in a leading role and with music of Ennio Morricone, too at that time the unknown.
Contrary to opinion of sceptics (in Italy before there were already several unsuccessful operating experiences of the American westerns), the movie made quite great success, having given to a triumvirate the permit to popularity. At last, the movie became some kind of reference point in the Italian cinema for the subsequent pictures in a genre a western, or more precisely spaghetti - a western which it was removed within 10 years from the moment of the first Leonovsky trilogy about 500.
Mysterious wanderers, laconic, eternally smoking a cigar, with an actor`s type a la Clint Eastwood, wandering like knights errant (how this comparison correctly sounded) on open spaces of the Wild West for the sake of a profit, revenge or just in search of adventures, angry ruthless bandits, as a rule, the Mexican, close operator ups - all this became the business card of spaghetti - westerns, without excluding, however, options for maneuvering and a list towards the American westerns.
But nevertheless the irony which, perhaps, and is not so noticeable at first sight was the main feature of spaghetti - westerns.
Speed and accuracy of firing from a colt (one more, perhaps, most important detail of the Italian westerns), and also ease with what heroes of the Italian westerns deal shortly with the enemies, sometimes reaches comedy. The amount of death in many movies is estimated in tens and the next murder is considered by characters of movies as quite ordinary event. In all this the mocking and subtle irony of Italians over caducity of life, the bitter sneer at fragility and inconstancy of life (today you are, and tomorrow you can not be) which later inspired such joker as Tarantino is felt.
It at the same time and an excentric slap in the face to Americans for whom movies about conquest of the Wild West were something like a sacred cow whereas the Italian film market in the majority saw in them first of all a commercial component in the form of the printing machine stamping the same, not applying for originality movies with a cliche and stamps and the heroes wandering from the movie in the movie like Django and Ringo (a certain generalized character of the main characters, shooters - singles).
It is unconditional that those cultural processes which took place in the West in the second half of 60 years and the beginning 70 - x, could not but affect a spaghetti genre - a western and not to give it that eccentricity which, however, is peculiar to Italians per se. “The new wave“, nihilism and disappointment in old conservative values generated the whole archetype of the main heroes of spaghetti - the westerns put by Clint Eastwood, more difficult and ambiguous, different from characters of classical American westerns.
In many Italian westerns “the good guy“ appears as a certain adventurer with the doubtful past which is often operating only for the sake of own benefit and egoism, coolly dealing shortly with the enemies. Though it also does not prevent it to remain at the same time the hero in habitual understanding of this word and to make noble acts. From literary characters of the main hero of spaghetti - westerns it is possible to compare, in my opinion, to lermontovsky Pechorin.
“selection of suits“ became one more, purely Italian feature of spaghetti - westerns that is called. Male elegance and style as concept of the exemplary macho, were always held in high esteem in Italy and could not but be reflected in cinema. It is felt how in each movie costumiers and stylists scrupulously worked on appearance of the main character, giving it to an image more expressiveness. Whether the poncho on the hero, either a road raincoat, or a simple shirt - he practically always looks stylishly.
Special and inimitable charm and color music in the Italian westerns possesses. It is possible to consider separately music from movies and even to speak about a separate musical genre - spaghetti - a western. It was published by several CD with music from spaghetti - westerns, and many not really known groups playing similar musical compositions position the style as “spaghetti - a western“. Rattling mix from sertf - fate, the Spanish pipe, whistle, guitar losses Alya of a flamenco, human voices - here so, only very conditionally, it is possible to characterize this genre which is not excluding various variations and searches of a variety as well as music.
There is a separate wish to tell about influence (or interference) separate genres of cinema on spaghetti - a western. Perhaps, nothing so makes related spaghetti - westerns with other genres as the Japanese samurai movies of 60 - 70 years.
In 60 - e years the samurai cinema (Tyambar) departs from the classical habitual canons of a glorification of samurai estate - nobility and infallibility of Samurais and samurai corporations, and to the main proscenium of samurai fighters there is a ronin - the Samurai - the single who was disappointed in the clan and preferring it exile and wanderings like heroes of spaghetti - westerns. Instead of a well-aimed shot of a colt - a fast and direct shot of a samurai sword, duel in the final of two heroes - antagonists, followed by slow slow walking and penetrating glances, wind whiff, disturbing musical rhythms etc. - all this pulled together both genres and was followed by interpenetration.
So, spaghetti - a western - quite developed genre rather a cinema subgenre with the features, subtle irony, komiksovy, deliberately unreal heroes etc. which is not deprived of a charm. Beautiful women and not less beautiful views of the American prairies (which were removed in the southern Spain), the mysterious stranger jumping on them, appearing from nowhere and leaving in anywhere, resisting to the whole army of bandits of all colors, company “macaroni“ music - all this gives spaghetti - to westerns the special romanticism.