Whether the coast Turkish is necessary to us? Part 1
Strange business: the day off spent at the local rivulet under brochette, it seems and rest is not considered any more - by all means give us obkalyanenny Turkey under a barbecue and to Arak and dusty Egypt with krasnomorsky diving on the hungover head. I do not know
, genes of Huns are guilty of that or Tatar - the Mongolian blood still hoofs in our arteries, but the modern Russian is the restless tramp, the nomad ready to rush behind a muffled adventure in any Godforsaken hole. Two conditions: a) the hole has to be externally slightly more nice than a habitual hrushchobny landscape, and b) to settle down out of the territory of Russia.
Also you do not speak to me about pathological love of Slavs to tombs of Pharaohs or the nedorazrushenny Colosseum: at us at it is full of historical graves and shabby structures. Eventually, history - it is not obligatory one thousand years ago, each of us already for the next generation - a mammoth and the pterodactyl at the same time. Therefore also travel - is not obligatory a trip for one thousand versts at all, we around the house not all footpaths proceeded.
No, I do not complain and I do not grumble. And I not against foreign tour, opposite - I exclusively pro. But nevertheless, nevertheless: distract for a while, with half an eye look and estimate what is at you literally behind a threshold. And I, in return, holding a formula “hundred versts for a mad dog not a hook“ in the head, I invite you on small (in a radius of a gun shot) walk around my den - Gatchina.
Here, for example, small settlement of Rozhdestveno . At the time of the Novgorod republic stood at confluence of Oredezh and the village Is dirty Big It is dirty. In 1713 - m year the tsar Pyotr presented it to the son, the successor of a throne Alexey Petrovich. In the same year the traveling palace of the tsarevitch and wooden Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin on which the village which became the village and received the present name were built here.
Later, according to plans of the empress Catherine II reorganizing the province, Rozhdestveno is the whole 17 years, from 1780 to 1797, is in the status of the city. For the alleged governor of a town on the abrupt river bank Oredezh at the expense of treasury the palace was built, but so far it was built, the power was replaced. Paul I deprived Rozhdestven of the status of the city, having appointed the residence Gatchina, and granted the village of Rozhdestveno to the count Bezborodko. That regifted the village to the secretary, the outdoor adviser N. E. Efremov. N. E. Efremov built the new house on the place of the old palace only in 1825.
By the way, the house newly built by it - only of the empire wooden palaces which remained in the world. In 1880 - the m the estate on the abrupt coast of Oredezhi was bought by the gold industry entrepreneur, the holder of the main equity stake of the Lensky mines Ivan Vasilyevich Rukavishnikov - the grandfather of future Nobel laureate, the writer Vladimir Nabokov. Having inherited a Christmas manor on the eve of October revolution, Vladimir Nabokov did not manage to enter legitimate right of possession because of minority. But he to the death considered this corner of Earth the only house and, despite more than decent income, renting for accommodation rich mansions in France and the USA, essentially did not acquire any real estate.
Well as, interesting story? And here one more.
In 7 km is higher on Oredezhi`s current there is a small village of Chikino . She received the name on the copper rolling plant and the estate of merchants, brothers Ivan and Alexander Filipovichey Chikinykh existing here until the end of Civil war. Their ancestors located in these parts in the middle of the 19th century, having leased medno - plyushchilny zavodik the state lady M. F. Donaurova. Production of brothers of Chikinykh was presented at all All-Russian and World Fairs. In the years of World War I it carried out military orders; here for the first time in the country production of army aluminum flasks was arranged.
Now from plant there were only two brick buildings, near them the pedestal of a monument visited the enterprise in 1860 - m to the emperor Alexander II remained to year. After revolution this pedestal was adapted for Karl Marx, after a while the bearded man from a stone duty was released by I. V. Stalin. But another is more interesting: treatment facilities at copper plant were such quality that Chikina bred a trout, fish extremely sensitive to sewage here. Copper - a product poisonous; I happened to be in Mednogorsk the Orenburg region: the earth around combine is burned out by a vitriol on tens of hectares, on it neither trees, nor even weeds grow. And here - a trout! Which brothers and edal, and to the capital delivered.
On a visit the writer A. I. Kuprin, the singer F. I. Shalyapin visited Chikinym, more than once there came here to fishing the poet A. N. Maykov. The sister of merchants, Ekaterina Chikina, married the grandson A. S. Pushkina also gave birth to it to three children. Their family lived near Gatchina till 1919 and moved to Estonia only with the last wave of emigration. One of children (the great-grandson, so, “ours all“) - Alexander Chikin, the Honored trainer of the USSR and Estonia on track and field athletics.
But on it our travel does not come to an end...