For what it is possible to fall in love with whisky?
As often should be heard from the person who for the first time tried whisky, such exclamation: “Well moonshine, real moonshine. And what in it is found? Better vodka there is no drink!“
It is valid, taste, similar to moonshine, and aroma of whisky causes in many sincere bewilderment. The analogy to moonshine arises from - for existence in whisky of high content of aldehydes, fusel oils and air. In vodka concentration of fusel oils no more than 4 mg/l is allowed, and in whisky this quantity can reach 4000 mg/l (!) . The same with aldehydes and air. However, the content of these substances in whisky is not regulated at all.
However, despite such fantastic quantity of harmful components, nobody dies of whisky - of course, on condition of observance of a measure. Probably, it is all about tradition of consumption. How we drink our native “white“? As a rule, under a zakusochka, in the good company. Our feast is wide and plentiful.
And so, vodka is the appendix to a table. And of whisky acts solo . It is drunk out of meal. Therefore also taste at vodka neutral, and whisky has the mass of shades and aftertastes. Whisky is savoured, enjoying drink shades. True taste of whisky proves not at once.
It appears, whisky at the same time has four main tastes: bitter, sour, sweet and salty. One of them prevails depending on a grade of whisky (adhesive tape). It is possible to be convinced of it, having taken a small amount of drink in a mouth. More brightly to feel all range of taste, it is necessary to add a little water to a glass. In whisky aftertaste - long and warm is especially appreciated.
But the general at “our“ vodka and “their“ whisky nevertheless is. In - the first, fortress. And in - the second - the name. Are surprised? The word “vodka“ - derivative from “water“, the word “whisky“ (whisky) from Gallic “visge“ - water.
Whisky - very democratic drink. Abroad it is used by all sectors of society. Also love it for a lot of things. For the fact that no special ritual for acceptance of this drink exists. Heavy wide glasses which at us are considered necessary attribute for whisky acceptance, of course, are convenient and give such “foreignness“ drinking, but usually drink whisky from anything, anywhere and that is surprising, when necessary.
Gourmets are offered to drink whisky from thin glasses in the form of a tulip “to catch“ a bouquet, to estimate structure and color of drink. And determine oiliness and weight of whisky by the paths which are flowing down on glass walls. Traces thin and quickly creep - whisky is rather weak and a little saturated oils. Love whisky for wide scale of tastes, for the fact that it is possible to connect it to many liquids and to part, part and part... infinitely. Broad consumption of this drink is promoted also by rather low price.
From where it undertook, this “almost Russian moonshine“? Whisky - national drink of Scotland. However, Irish challenge this right from Scotland. They provide proofs of the invention of whisky in the Irish monasteries even in the 5th century (!) . But now the speech nevertheless will go about scotch whisky - an adhesive tape, and conversation on other types (American, Canadian, Australian and even Japanese) will wait so far.
The first mentions of whisky belong to the end of the 15th century. Aqua vitae - water of life (so called at that time alcohol) prepared in monasteries. The main raw materials for distillation was barley. Over time monastic secrets became available to peasants, and the country plunged into total “drink“. Whisky was esteemed as medicine, and even children drank it. In the period of the 16-18th centuries the production technology of whisky was fulfilled, and to the middle of the 19th century it was finally created.
Today this technology practically differs in nothing from production of moonshine from germinated grain. Only the final stage of production, namely - endurance of the received solution in oak barrels - does of banal moonshine of whisky. But also it not the main thing.
The matter is that oak barrels which use for endurance of whisky have to be old, already used for aging of other drinks. So? the adhesive tape is maintained generally in barrels from - under the American whisky - bourbon. In barrels from - under wines (Madeira, port, a sherry) whisky gains refined taste and a saturation. Now in Scotland more than two thousand brands an adhesive tape - whisky are developed. If you see an inscription on a bottle of “whisky“ , then it is always scotch whisky , or an adhesive tape (scotch). The inscription “whiskey“ demonstrates that whisky is made in any place, but not in Scotland. to
It is interesting that taste and aroma of whisky depends even not on initial raw materials (barley, corn), and, first of all, on whisky place of production. And that is why. In the course of malt preparation barley grain is processed a smoke of the burning peat. The smell of a smoke is caused by many natural factors and depends on the place from where this peat is taken. Quality of peat is influenced by composition of water, existence of minerals in it. Not incidentally at whisky from the islands of Islay and Dzhur smack of iodine, there nearby the sea!
There are two types of whisky: one-malt and grain. The last in pure form does not go on sale. It is used as a component in the blending (mixed) whisky. The mixed whisky appeared in the 19th century when need to expand sale of an adhesive tape out of borders of Scotland ripened. Specific, a little brutal taste of one-malt whisky was not pleasant to the refined refined aristocracy. Mixing (blending) of whisky gave the chance a little to soften and improve taste of drink and to win new admirers.
You want to buy the real scotch whisky? Then surely pay attention to the following: at a bottle there have to be inscriptions “Distilled and matured in Scotland“ and “Bottled in Scotland“. If you got a small bottle of whisky and found on it the inscription “WHISKY spirits“, then it is actually substitute of the real drink. It contains no more than 10% of the real adhesive tape.
The one-malt whisky, most known in the world, - the adhesive tape (Glenfiddich) is made in the region Speysayd. Fragrant elegance of this whisky is exclusively extraordinary also a sblansirovana.