Dignity - Paulo. The city which cannot stop?
From Rio - - Zhaneyro in San - Paulo last the most recovered highway in Latin America. Strained, not abating neither in the afternoon, nor at night. The Via is Dutra - this main automobile artery of Latin America so is called - reminds the street of the overpopulated megalopolis stretched on hundreds of kilometers of concrete and steel. by
As approaching San - Paulo is more and more distinctly felt powerful breath of the largest industrial giant of Brazil. Infinitely suburbs extend: masterful and bus stations, gas stations and snack, factory warehouses and kitchen gardens, and the cities is still not here. And here, when already you are tired to wait, behind some unexpected turn of Via - Dutra crosses invisible, exactly here the passing line of the Tropic of Capricorn - and before your look the tremendous panorama of the gray skyscrapers poured by gold of a decline in the turned black evening sky opens.
A dignity - Paulo was based by two missionaries - Jose Anchieta and Manuel Nobregoy. There was it in 1554. Then it was the small small village. Now San - Paulo - the largest city and the combined agglomeration of the western hemisphere, its population of 11 316 149 people, with suburbs - 29 million. In the world the competition of the expanded mother country San - Paulo makes only several cities.
“The Brazilian Chicago“ - Brazilians about San - Paulo say. In gray gorges of streets the flow of pedestrians boils. Squeezed in the Procrustean beds of pavements the automobile rivers stiffened. The space is broken off from noise of sirens of ambulance and police, automobile horns and beeps of electric trains. In shops hysterical radio-gramophones, TVs and jukeboxes rattle. Constantly somewhere pedestrians run. Stitching the glazed bodies of skyscrapers, high-speed elevators fly up and fall. It is really mad city, with unique power and unique urbanistic color.
A dignity - Paulo gives to the country over a half of an industrial output and one third of the electric power consumed in the country. In this city there are hundreds of newspapers, magazines and other periodic information publications. On city streets it is possible to see cars of any brands. It is explained by the fact that in San - automobile magnates from Italy, France, Germany and the USA located by Paulo, and also there is own plant “Folksvagen“.
Till seventieth years of the twentieth century in the city there were many problems. Since then a lot of things changed, is made really much. Especially in the solution of transport problems of the city: viaducts, tunnels and overpasses considerably changed the image of the downtown. The international airport “came nearer“: on the new highway it is possible to get to the downtown in only 15 minutes after an exit from the plane. However main “headache“ does not manage to solve for the present. It is about the sharpest housing crisis in which vice this chokes “the most fast-growing city on the earth“ where if to trust official statistics, each eight minutes the new building grows.
Rwa - to - Sha - Chaya Street. Today it is the most recovered pedestrian highway. On it passes a day about two million people. Motor transport is hidden under the earth here. On this square there take place the most important city meetings.
For satisfaction of spiritual needs of inhabitants and city visitors San - Paulo has a huge number of the museums, movie theaters and night institutions. If in Rio at Tiradentes Square musical show with a striptease where it is possible to remove “for rent“ the partner, begins at eight in the evening, then in San - Paulo - at twelve in the afternoon. And coming back at dawn from theater or night club, you always have an opportunity to have supper or breakfast, drink whisky or beer, to buy the book or the newspaper, to listen to new audio recordings: life in this megalopolis does not fade neither in the afternoon, nor at night. However at night on city streets to appear nevertheless it is unsafe, the uneasy dream of paulist passes quite often under howl police sirens and a feverish tongue twister of shots.
Morning San - Paulo with that night and mysterious monster has nothing in common. Everything is perceived and is notable. Walls of skyscrapers, it is gray - black from ashes and a soot, explain the most widespread nickname of this city - “the engine of Brazil“. The nickname is quite deserved. The dignity - Paulo makes over 40% of all industrial output of the country.
The city, however, stands at the height of seven hundred - eight hundred meters above sea level, winds happen here strong and therefore it well is blown. Besides nearly forty percent of transport transferred to ethyl alcohol here owing to what the ecological situation considerably improved at once. There is a wish to believe that at San - Paulo bright future.