What is held in the hand by the Finnish Atlases? Lamps of the railway station of Helsinki of
the First time I got to Helsinki in September. You represent? Indian summer. Not hot, summer, but still rather warm autumn sun filling with the light the transparent air which as if stiffened waiting for not such and far morning frosts. Which, time will come, and will cover a surface of the water of pools pure fragile hrustalyom the first ice. For now here …
it is warm, dry also easy, almost imperceptible breeze, bears numerous spider lines with the little living eight-armed parachutists seeking to depart somewhere there somewhere … To warm regions where there will be neither ice, nor snow. To escape from winter? Naive.
Only to go and go to such weather on the city, lifting, despite all efforts of the Finnish janitors, habitual to the Russian boot, rustling under legs bright to a raznotsvetya of the fallen-down foliage.
Well, I also went. There was a few work. The two-three of hours in the morning or in the late afternoon could be found in the leaky labor schedule. And almost all walks began at me from the capital railway station. It in the downtown. On Vilkhonkatu. Near metro station of Rautatiyentori.
Or perhaps absolutely and not therefore. Station just in itself - the most original construction. It is sure, not to find such peculiar buildings any more anywhere in Europe. The Helsinki station strikes and impresses. The last - from the word “is pressed“. In sense - for a long time remains in memory. Here and at me … Remained.
However, that construction that costs today on Vilkhonkatu, 12 - not the first Helsinki … Or it is more correct, corresponding on time, - not the first gelsingforsky station. 1861 is memorable to Russia cancellation of a serfdom. And the present Finnish capital the fact that this year in Helsingfors the first railway station was built.
But … There was time. The industry developed, the trade turnover of the country grew. And by the beginning of the 20th century the old building of the station ceased to cope with seriously increased the passenger - and freght traffics.
An exit was one. It is necessary to build the new station. But if to puzzle the contractor, then than? For a start on hands the customer, generally, has to have a project of what else should be constructed. Here in December, 1903 the competition during which it was planned to select the best project of the administrative case and the new building of the station was also announced. Considering importance of an objective, the competitive jury included such masters of the Finnish architecture of that time as Gustav Nuestroem, Hugo Lindberg, Sebastian Gripenberg.
And projects they for consideration were submitted not by boys. Muzhi! Usko Nyustryom and Yalmar Oberg who divided the two third awards. Or Onni Tyornkvist`s project which took the second place. All of them were already skilled architects. And they had remarkable projects. But the competent and impartial jury awarded the first place not to them, and Eliel Saarinen.
To that Saarinen on whose project in 1900 the Finnish pavilion at the World Fair in Paris was built. By 1903 Eliyel was already skilled architect. So its first place was not surprise neither for jury, nor for him. However, as the architect, a victory - yet considered not an occasion to be satisfied with what has already been achieved. And in the summer, the following, 1904, Saarinen leaves. At first to Germany. Then - to England and Scotland. And everywhere examines, sketches, studies … railway stations. That, having returned to make changes to the project. To add it with the best of what saw.
By December all changes and additions were made to the project, accepted by the customer and since 1905 work began. Wanted to write “began to boil“, but it is not sure that quite so all and was. In any case, the new station of the whole 9 years - from 1905 to 1914 was built. Almost our, native, usual and traditional unfinished construction.
And when the station was already almost ready, World War I burst. The building assumed functions of military hospital. Naturally, Russian. At that time, if who forgot, the Grand duchy Finnish was a component of the Russian Empire. Only after its disorder and the end of civil war in Finland, in 1919, the building began to be used as that and was provided by an original project - as the station... For this purpose it, by itself, it was necessary to tinker a little. In total - hospital and the station not same.
7 million Finnish brands left on construction. But they were repaid.
The station - the grandiose construction from pink granite topped with a heavy tower. Speak, it is one of the most known works of the Finnish architecture and represents a transitional stage from national romanticism to a functionalism.
On both sides from the central entrance - Emil Vikstryom`s sculpture. Pair figures of the monumental Atlases supporting by the brawny hands not the heavenly arch. Spheres - lamps which in the most dark season, in December, burn for 18 hours a day.
Picturesque construction with abundance of graphic relief and sculptural elements was favourably distinguished by front lines by that time of technology and a design - the reinforced concrete arches of an entrance lobby and cross halls, and also simplicity of planning - it is impossible to get lost at the station.
By the way, in Vyborg - in those days still the Finnish city with the Finnish name Viipuri - the station, as like as two peas similar to the Helsinki fellow was operated. The younger relative of the capital station in the location, but the senior - on construction time.
The Vyborg station was put into operation in 1913. Eliyel Saarinen (Gottlieb Eliel Saarinen) was his author too. In the project of the Vyborg station the lines characteristic of other works of the famous architect were obviously traced. Well, for example. If the central entrance to the building of the Helsinki station has Atlases, then at the Vyborg station Eliyel established sculptures of two bears.
Unfortunately, the building of the Vyborg station did not remain. It was blown up at the end of August, 1941 by the parts of Red Army receding from the city. Radio-controlled land mine … Well, here such we. Do not feed with bread, let`s something undermine. To the basis … the Helsinki railway station continues to meet
A also today - to see off the train. And it is possible to look at it not only in photos...