Why the Western army did not come to the rescue of the general Yudenich? Part 2
6 of October, 1919 of part of the Western voluntary army of the colonel Bermondt - Avalova began promotion of the parts to Dvinsk that through Velikiye Luki to come to Bologoye and, having cut off the Nikolaev railroad, to help Severo - the Western army of the general Yudenich with approach to Petrograd, having deprived of the opponent of an opportunity to throw to it the reserves from the center of Russia.
But avalovets did not reach Dvinsk. Already next day, having developed practically by hundred eighty degrees, the Western army moved to … To Riga. And by the evening on October 8 the advanced parts of army occupied the western, left-bank suburbs of the Latvian capital.
Everything went not so badly. Karlis Ulmanis`s government, having realized reality of military threat from the Western voluntary army, leaves the capital and it is evacuated in Venden (nowadays Cesis). And here Bermondt - Avalov begins to hesitate. Therefore instead of continuing so successfully begun approach, he offers on October 10 the Latvian government … a truce.
The matter is that the commander of the Western voluntary army, thanks to information reaching him from Berlin was aware that the German government, being afraid of the conflict with the Entente, officially considers capture of Riga undesirable. But here the public opinion treats it favourably. Moreover - Germans not just wish, and all fibers of the Teutonic soul are eager that the Russian colonel filled as much as possible salt on a tail to these damned British.
And what to do? You will take Riga - you will become almost national hero of Germany. But you will lose official support of its government. And together with it there will be no money, the weapon, ammunition. And how then to be at war? But you will not take Riga … You will not become the national hero. But supply of army will not stop. Respectively, there is a chance to keep its fighting capacity. What?. What to do?!
These several days of fluctuations of the commander of the Western voluntary army were enough for the British and Estonians who heard desperate entreaties of the Latvian government about the help. The first turned to Riga the squadron of cruisers which generally according to the August plan had to support from the sea by the fire power Severo`s parts - the Western army of the general Yudenich, attacking Petrograd. From Estonians to the aid of sovereign neighbors 4 armored trains approached. Which too, it develop all a little in a different way, could appear near St. Petersburg. And as well as English the cruiser, would be not so superfluous there.
Here so the general Yudenich remained in private with the parts of Red Army defending Petrograd. Almost all his potential allies appeared near Riga where in the middle of October, 1919, despite the first autumn frosts, was very hot. Neither English the cruiser, nor did not feel sorry for the Estonian armored trains of shells. And, eventually, the artillery made the business.
By October 16 approach of the Western voluntary army managed to be stopped. And though from left-bank part of Riga of avalovets beat out only on November 11, i.e. almost in a month, their destiny after approach of British and Estonians was almost solved. Cut off from bases of supply, not having, unlike opponents, neither material, nor human reserves the army could battle adequately. But to win - never.
And it turned out. By the end of December of part of the Western voluntary army which since November 18 was ordered already by the general - the lieutenant Ebergard departed on the territory of Germany.
Many historians consider that Bermond - Avalov who threw the parts under Riga and by that left the general Yudenich without allies and deprived of him is material - technical support from British, became the main reason for unsuccessful approach of Severo - the Western army to Petrograd in the fall of 1919 - go.
Perhaps and so. But considering national structure of the Western voluntary army, it was naive to hope that it, having left Latvia, will begin to attack Velikiye Luki and Bologoye. And if to remember for what promises these people were at war the most part of 1919, anywhere, except as near Riga, they then to appear and could not.