Who constructed the Bausky lock? About the most Russian city of Latvia of
All troubles for the Livonsky award began after he decided to interfere with dispute for the Lithuanian inheritance. After Vitovt`s death at neighbors on a princely chair of the villages of Svidrigaylo Olgerdovich., It seems, even as well as on legal grounds. In any case, some part of Grand Duchy of Lithuania shouted “ëþáî“ to Olgerdovich. But not all.
also. Which looked towards Poland and Sigismund Keystutovich.
And the world to both of them - was in any way. Only war. And for war that? The army is necessary. Here Svidrigaylo Olgerdovich also began to take him. Well, Sigismund Keystutovich, respectively, did not stand from this business aside. Who under its banners got up, to us somehow - it is not especially important. And here in Svidrigayla Olgerdovich`s army that at the end of August, 1435 reached the city of Ukmyarge... Or, as it is called in our domestic historiography - to Vilkomir. In this army of Svidrigayla, besides 8 thousand Russians from east areas of the Principality Lithuanian, Czechs and silezets, there were still Lebanese and Teutonic knights. Something about 3 thousand combined. Livontsami ordered the master Francis Cherscorf. Tevtonami - the marshal Verner Nesselrode.
Both that, and another died in fight that took place on September 1. Also many of knights died or were captivated. To the Svidrigayla and 30 more of his soldiers who sent the remains crushed troops in the battlefield, it was succeeded to run under protection of the Polotsk city walls. But from that to the Livonsky award was already cold, hot. Its southern borders remained barefaced from the become frequent attacks of the Lithuanian groups. And from there to Riga … Two day transitions of the Lithuanian cavalry!
It was necessary to do something. And it is urgent!
So if to trust Balthasar Russow`s chronicle, construction of the Bausky lock began in 1438. in three years after the Vilkomirsky fight which had such sad consequences for an award.
In - the first, the lock had to protect the southern borders of an award from possible Lithuanian danger.
In - the second, the strengthening constructed at a convenient crossing through Memele`s river allowed to take the road from Lithuania to Riga under control.
In - the third, the lock became that tool by means of which the award strengthened the power in Semigaliya. Or, if in other option - in Zemgale. After completion of construction the residence of a fogt - the medal administrator and the judge had to be placed here.
However, both the first, and the second, and the third in 1438 was only in plans. To transform them to reality, it was necessary, well, at least for a start, to construct the lock. And here rather serious problem was drawn. And not out of the blue.
At first war for the Lithuanian inheritance. Then attacks of the southern neighbors who are strongly offended on a medal brotherhood from - for tactless interventions in their internal affairs. Both that, and another did not promote growth of the population in vicinities of a building castle. And very much even on the contrary. Worked towards reduction of number of this population.
Besides. In the same place, where war - not only cold, hunger. But also diseases. To all other troubles also smallpox walked across Semigaliya.
What forces to build this lock? To the people - that … One and a half navvies. And those not always available. And when they available … What with these one and a half you will make if them on mind not less than five hundred are necessary. And with a stock which, as we know, the pocket never pulls and it would be desirable for a pobola.
And so, and so the master Heydenreykh Fink von Owerberg estimated - where these five hundred navvies - builders to find. Where only did not write plaintive letters. Help supposedly brothers in Christ … 1443 wrote
B even to the Revelsky (Tallinn) rat. To the chief of their town hall. And all about the same. Help, a pier …
A that, from a town hall, it also was answered that are glad, but at the small fry of that … It is small it is small and … miscalculated. But! There are in such hard times certain irresponsible veche republics at which to the people … As cones in the wood! Mosquito clouds simply. And do not want to share good. Extremely irresponsible people there, in these veche republics.
Fair fears of the medal master - whether will take offense republicans if not sprosyas to withdraw any shred their narodishka in own favor? - revelskiya rat right there dispelled. Not before supposedly to Mister to Veliky Novgorod. It has next dismantling from moskovita. Therefore all, who under the gun or there with a spear - onions, - in the east. And on the western borders … Not draft youth and retired veterans. Come and take that it is necessary to you. Yes they behind the internal dismantling will also not notice that they some shred of the people withdrew from them …
Well if so …
Raid across not really rich, but densely populated Novgorod territory in the neighborhood of the city of Yamm, yielded the result which was expected from it. Also work on the small peninsula, in the place of merge of Memele and Musa began to boil soon. Where they give rise to the new river - the Lielupe. Or, as it was called then - Aa.
Among builders there were not so many persons of a Slavic exterior. The most part of the Novgorod polon was made not by them, and the Finn - Ugra of the tribe of vot. But it … To the few Latvians too working at building it was unimportant. All captives for them were “kriyev“. And both then and now this word means same. “Russians“.
It is considered that in 1451 construction of the lock came to the end, and he was given under the residence of a fogt. Which, having occupied it, began to live - to live, without forgetting to execute at the same time administrative and other other administrative functions.
Builders of the lock too did not get to anywhere. Settled on its vicinities. In one and a half centuries, in 1609, already their descendants received the press of the city which is called Bauska also today from the Courland duke Friedrich. Also live in it now - descendants of those descendants.
So I do not know for whom as, and for me Bausk - the most Russian city of modern Latvia. Bausky fortress was constructed by Russians... Russian hands. Yes, she got up on the earth which then belonged to the Livonsky award. Well, so she is also called Bauska. By the right of the earth on which costs. But, except the right of the earth, there is also a right of blood.