The lily of the valley is May. What charms he owns?the Gentle ringing of a lily of the valley, the girl`s tears as his Bulgarians call, executed the anthem to spring. And very soon zaalet on it ruby berries, decorating a landyshevy kurtinka with bright beads. They are similar to droplets of blood and as if warn us about the danger which is concealed in this plant.
Lovely, gentle, curing, poisonous - all these definitions it is possible to carry to a lily of the valley, the representative of family Lileynykh. His P. I. Tchaikovsky called the tsar of flowers, he wrote such lines about this remarkable flower:
Here it! Sklonyas to the earth, I a trembling hand
Break wonderful gift of the magician of spring.
About a lily of the valley why you please so looks?
Others are flowers more magnificent and more magnificent,
I is brighter than paint in them and patterns are more cheerful, there is no
But delights in them mysterious yours.
As about the most favourite flowers was written about it also by Sofya Kovalevskaya, Lesya Ukrainka, A. A. Fet, A. I. Kuprin.
Differently call a lily of the valley: Bulgarians - the girl`s tear, Czechs and Slovaks - a konvalinka, Germans - a May hand bell. The Latin name “konvaliya“ is meant by “the lily of valleys blossoming in May“. The origin of the Russian name is not clear, assume what a lily of the valley occurred from “laserwort“ from - for smooth leaves or from “incense“ - for pleasant aroma.
The lily of the valley is loved by the people of many countries. It is represented on the coats of arms of the cities of Melleruda in Sweden, Lunnera in Norway, Veylara in Germany. The North American Indians living nowadays in Massachusete`s staff consider a lily of the valley as a sacred plant. It is a staff symbol.
In Holland there is such belief: newly married have to put lilies of the valley that the love did not die away in the garden and every spring revived again and again.
On one of legends the lily of the valley is called tears of Eve mourning the exile from Paradise. On another - florets of a lily of the valley were tears of the young man who bitterly mourned leaving of spring, and blood of his heart painted berries in scarlet color.
The lily of the valley was always considered as a symbol of purity, fidelity, tenderness, love. In east language of flowers it means: “Long and secretly I love you“.
For a long time in France the holiday of lilies of the valley which is celebrated on the first Sunday of May remained. The day before inhabitants go to the wood after flowers. They decorate with them rooms, windows, doors. The holiday comes to an end with dances, each dancing has a bouquet of lilies of the valley. Not to accept a bouquet from the partner means hostility, often dance comes to an end with a declaration of love.
Once the lily of the valley was a medicine symbol. It was presented to the Aesculapian differing in healing art. Nicolaus Copernicus`s portrait with a bouquet of lilies of the valley in a hand which was not only the famous mathematician and the astronomer, but also the skillful doctor remained.
In Russia the lily of the valley was long since appreciated too, but collected it not only for the sake of bouquets, and for production of cure for the speeded-up heartbeat and short wind. Broths from leaves used at gastric pains, did flower lotions at eye diseases. Istolchyonny dry leaves and flowers added to snuff tobacco and applied from cold. Girls rubbed with it cheeks for giving of a flush.
Now preparations of a lily of the valley apply at heart failure, at blood circulation violations. These preparations as the hearts calming at neurosises and as diuretic at puffiness work.
It is necessary to remember that all parts of a lily of the valley are poisonous for people, animals and birds . The use of a lily of the valley is deadly to birds. But some wild animals, a fox, a spotty deer can eat berries of a lily of the valley without any harm for themselves. Long inhalation of landyshevy aroma causes poisoning.
The lily of the valley also is interesting to perfumers. Fresh flowers subject to distillation and receive valuable essential oil which gives a unique fragrance to original spirits.
The lily of the valley grows in the light woods, on glades and edges forms continuous thickets. It was parted along with roses and gillyflowers in the Egyptian gardens in the first century B.C. Since the 16th century the lily of the valley is entered into culture. Today many krupnotsvetny and terry grades, with pink flowers and motley leaves are removed. Many gardeners are fond of a vygonka of lilies of the valley.
But there is more lovely and more charm no lily of the valley which grew under natural conditions, at liberty. Its stocks are sharply reduced therefore it is necessary to make thrifty use of this remarkable gift of the nature.