Who broke the bank in Monte - Carlo?
In life are always the place not only to a feat, but also a miracle. In Monte`s casino - Carlo as that miracle is told a story about how the bank in this casino was broken not by the British engineer who accurately dealt with statistics The Wheels of Chance, and absolutely already freaky player, too the Englishman, Charles Wells (Charles Deville Wells) (1841-1922) .
Charles Wells came from quite decent family. His father was the poet to whom famous John Keats devoted one of the sonnets. Despite it, Ch. Wells traded in life in small fraud. In 1891 he began to raise funds for production of a remarkable children`s toy, a musical jump rope. By July, 1891 4 thousand pounds were collected. The sum is fair! With this money he arrived to Monte`s casino - Carlo and stayed behind a gambling table of 11 hours in a row, being supported probably only with champagne. In these 11 hours he 12 times “broke the bank“. The man was fantastically lucky! If the legend does not deceive, from 30 consecutive rates on a roulette he won 23. Obvious fraud for Wells was not noticed.
At game as observers noted, he used one of the known strategy which is called martingeyl (martingale) . At such system the player always puts on the same combination (for example, for the color or on certain number). The initial sum of a rate is small. If the combination did not win, on it put again, but the rate at the same time increases. For example, doubles. If the combination won, the sum of a rate goes down to initial level and game continues. At the same time it is possible to rely on other combination. Martingeyl, of course, does not allow to win in a roulette, but the player`s prize at the same time is distributed. Loss big, but rare, prize insignificant, however frequent. Such tactics is pleasant to many players.
So, having convinced that Ch. Wells did not violate rules of conducting game and obviously a casino did not deceive, paid it 1 million francs. Holders of a casino was are glad that this shifted Englishman, at last, went back home with the prize.
But Ch. Wells returned to Monte - Carlo in November of the same year. And in three days he won 1 million francs again! And again impudently showed the luckiness! Five a time in a row he staked on number 5 and all rates were won. Who is on friendly terms with mathematics, consider what probability of such event! The detectives employed by a casino did not find any signs of fraud again. Money paid to Wells, and history of his prize as could, advertized. Roulette “robbery“ in Monte - Carlo was discussed in all “civilized“ world of that time. In London and Parisian myuzik - halls there was a song “The person who broke the bank in Monte - Carlo“. So Charles Wells`s example still inspires fans of a roulette on fearlessly to test the luck.
This song was extremely popular and hardy. In 1935 in the USA there was a movie under the same name. Not the Englishman, but the former Russian aristocrat, but nowadays Parisian driver was the main character in this movie. The hero arrived to Monte - Carlo with the purpose to earn money, “having destroyed by bombing“ a casino. And it managed it. As we see, the idea to break the bank in Monte - Carlo continued to live in masses.
Ch. Wells tried to snatch from the advertizing made to him and for himself a piece. Having been the focus of attention of “the educated society“, he explained the success in a roulette with the fact that he is a brilliant engineer. And right there told that invented some new fantastically economic steam engine for sea vessels. And then traditionally organized fund raising on the embodiment of this invention in life.
Winter of 1892 it arrived to Monte - Carlo on own yacht (as he spoke, with that super - the economic engine), came to a casino again and broke the bank six more times, but then was lost totally. On return on the yacht to Havre he was arrested by the French police and sent to England. In the homeland of it condemned on eight years of imprisonment for fraud. Having gone out of prison, Ch. Wells moved to France where he continued to swindle with variable success for what he stayed in prison, in the French again this time.
He died in Paris in 1922 without kopek of money. As my mother used to say: “Acquired by a move leaves ashes“.
Perhaps, it was right?