Sicily. Chefalu. The city is more ancient than Rome?
the Small town on the northern coast of Sicily. Each hour stops there the train which goes from Palermo. Chefalu of only 75 km to the east of Palermo. The population - about 13000 people.
, As far as hotels of different degree of a zvezdochnost, the magnificent sea (as well as everywhere on the Sicilian coast), narrow small streets, a remarkable cathedral of an era of Normans. It would seem - almost all same, as well as in other towns on the coast.
So - that it so and not absolutely. Especially if to consider that he should compete for tourists, say, to Palermo and Sirakuzami... And how to them to compete, to eminent opponents?
The history. Yes, now the small town also lives fishery yes tourism... But, as well as other seaside towns of Sicily, it has the richest history.
The present name, strange for our hearing, comes, according to some historians, from the Greek word Kefa or kefale that “head“ means. However, some historians believe that this name happens from Phoenician “mountain“. Just this city in the ancient time was on border between Phoenician and Greek colonies.
Archeologists claim that at the beginning of the antique period, approximately in the 4th century BC, Phoenicians owned the city. Then, in 307 BC, the city seized Syracuse, the Greek policy, and approximately in 254 Romans came BC. Having won the first Punic war, Romans made Sicily the province. So the Greek Kefaloidion became the Roman city.
But history of settlements on the huge rock which nowadays is called La Rocca, - much more ancient. Already in the Neolithic era on it people lodged, having built the settlement protected from attack from the outside. Still fragments of the cyclopean wall built approximately in the 6th century BC, and except a wall remained, the dogrechesky megalytic sanctuary called now by Diana`s temple which archeologists date backy approximately to the 9-8th centuries BC
What Greek Syracuse there remained! Greeks then also did not begin colonization of the Mediterranean! The most ancient sanctuary was built by the people of sikul, one of the most ancient tribes of Central and Southern Italy living from 13th century BC
So ancient history of the settlement of people on this place is explained Sicily by the fact that the rock which gave the name to the antique city has almost steep slopes, especially right at the beginning. At the same time rock top - big flat space. Presently on La Rocca conduct steps of very long stone ladder in the beginning, reaching almost the middle of height of the rock, and very abrupt track begins then.
In the ancient time, having seen from above from far away the swimming-up fans to profit foreign good, patrol doantichny times gave a signal down - and the population quickly got upward. The swum-up attackers, to profit, had to overcome at first an abrupt track under arrows and stones of defenders. And walls which partially remained and until now - then it was necessary to overcome somehow too...
Here and it turned out that on the same rock almost 2000 there lived at first hunters and fishermen of a neolytic era, then the people of sikul, then Phoenicians, then Greeks, then Romans, then Byzantines... Even when Rome and Byzantium already consigned to the past, during an era of Normans (already, consider, in the second millennium of our era) inhabitants preferred to live though is high, but it is safe. Only after the problem of pirates was finally solved, the settlement moved from the rock to a coastal strip.
And in the 20th century when there was a tourism and tourists, La Rocca turned into a tourist attraction. Unlike the Israeli fortress of Masad transporting on top of the rock of the funicular here is not present. It is necessary to go on a stone ladder in the beginning, and then - on very abrupt track (to go down on it - very inconveniently).
But what types open from above! Both on the city, and on the port. And at the sea. Partially dug out and fenced ancient constructions - additional, informative part of a tourist attraction.